What kind of tank killer SAU 2S25 “Octopus-SD” was created in Russia?

Plot Russian special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

The Russian defense industry has successfully completed state tests with a 125-millimeter 2S25 Sprut-SD self-propelled artillery mount. This airborne anti-tank gun may soon be put into armament, after which it deliveries to troops will begin.

Self-propelled anti-tank gun 2S25 “Sprut-SD” at the exhibition “Russia Arms Expo. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org/Vitaly V. Kuzmin

Any caliber

This is an original idea of ​​the Russian defense industry, in fact, an intermediate version of an airborne combat vehicle and a tank. It is as mobile and maneuverable as possible, like airborne combat vehicles, while its firepower is not inferior to the T-80, T-90 tanks. This combat vehicle was created for the artillery units of the Airborne Forces and the Marine Corps. Her main task — providing fire support in combat during during fast-paced landing operations, primarily destroying enemy armored vehicles.

Crossed a tank and BMD

SAU 2S25 — this is an armored tracked amphibious vehicle, outwardly resembling a amphibious tank, the transmission is borrowed from the BMD-3. The letters “C” and "D" in its name means "self-propelled" and "landed". Armed “Octopus” a full-fledged 125-mm 2A75 cannon, which is also installed on all modern Russian tanks. Additional armament is a 7.62 mm machine gun. Sprut-SD" can fire all domestic ammunition, its arsenal, for example, includes armor-piercing sub-caliber shells, as well as anti-tank guided missiles. The ammo set includes 40 different projectiles, the laser aiming system makes it possible to destroy targets at distances of the order of 4 km.

By air and swimming

This is a very mobile and passable vehicle, it is delivered to the battlefield by amphibious means, and, for example, it can be dropped into the deep rear of the enemy by parachutes with a crew inside. The vehicle can land from ships onto water and further in swimming, it will independently reach the nearest shore. It is capable of overcoming water obstacles when the water surface is rough up to three points at a speed of about 10 km per hour, while being able to shoot afloat. It can also make a 500 km march on one stock of fuel at an average speed of up to 70 km per hour. The hydropneumatic chassis allows you to move on cross-country at high speed and with comfort for the crew.

Depending on terrain conditions, it changes the clearance from 190 to 590 mm. For comfortable driving, the car received an automatic transmission. This combat vehicle works flawlessly in high-mountainous regions at altitudes of about 4,000 meters. meters, in the desert, coast and in marshlands, in extreme frost and heat conditions.

Expert potential

« Sprut-SD, as a unique combat vehicle, can get a great expert potential. Recently, lightly armored mobile combat vehicles with powerful weapon systems have become more and more in demand. They can be used in a number of local armed conflicts and during counterterrorist operations. One of potential buyers of "Sprut-SD" may become India.

Source of information:

ria.ru

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Heat in the city. Survival guide

Story How to Survive the Heat in the City

Europe has been suffering from heat for many days now. The heat is also peeking into Russia. Forecasters predict a new round of heat already this weekend, the thermometers can reach record levels, the weekend of August 13-14 can become the hottest in the summer.

According to  forecast by scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia Roman Vilfand, on Saturday and Sunday will be four to five degrees above the new climatic norms, the expert told RIA Novosti. The heat in Moscow will continue until the middle of next week.

Heat — this is not only an extra reason to leave the city or go to the beach, but and a rather serious test for our health, mood, and for animals and even our cars. Overcoming trials should be wisely, carefully prepared. We tell you how to survive this difficult time without hurting yourself.

Heat in Moscow

Abnormal heat comes to not for the first time. On such days, the inhabitants of the city are drawn to reservoirs, and if there is nothing suitable nearby, then to fountains, in order to feel at least a little freshness next to murmuring water. Walks in nature, in parks and squares — also one of the way to survive in hot weather.

You can see how Muscovites escaped the heat when the weather set records in different years in photo gallery aif.ru.

Anomalous heat in Moscow in different years

In June 1954, the air temperature in the capital rose to 33 degrees. In the photo: vacationers on the beach in Serebryany Bor in the 1950s. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Tikhanov “520” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

In 1972, all three summer months were abnormally warm, the hottest in Moscow was July 7 and August 21 (34.8). In the photo: residents of the capital sunbathe and swim in the Moskva River near the metro bridge on Vorobyovy Gory (formerly known as Leninskiye Gory) in the 1970s. © RIA Novosti/Valery Shustov “531” width=”775″ style=”display: block;” />

In 1981, a 30-degree heat set in from the end of June, in July there were nine days with a temperature of 30 degrees and above. The peak value of the summer season in 1981 was 35 degrees (July 22). On the photo: Luzhnetskaya embankment in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/M. Barabanov =”531″ width=”353″ style=”display: block;” />

In 1988, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32.5 degrees (June 6) and to 32.7 degrees (June 7). In the photo: a woman is resting in Izmailovsky Park. © RIA Novosti/Fidler

June 1998 was abnormally warm: the heat lasted from the beginning of the month until the 20th. The air temperature in the capital warmed up to 30 degrees and above: June 10 (30.0), June 11 (31.3), June 12 (30.8), June 13 (30.3), June 14 (33.4) and June 15 (33.9). In the photo: a girl at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Oleg Lastochkin

In 1999, hot, dry weather lasted almost the whole of June, during 18 days the daytime air temperature warmed up to 28-32 degrees. In the photo: residents of the capital spend their free time by the water on a hot day. © RIA Novosti/Dmitry Korobeinikov

July 29, 2010 the temperature in Moscow rose to 38.2 degrees. Smog and the smell of burning from forest and peat fires in the suburbs spread throughout the capital. © RIA Novosti/Konstantin Chalabov “531” width=”797″ style=”display: block;” />

On August 6, 2010, the temperature in Moscow rose to 37.3 degrees. In the photo: a man is resting on the lawn under an umbrella. © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Fomichev “531” width=”734″ style=”display: block;” />

On June 27, 2013, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32 degrees. In the photo: vacationers at the Friendship of Peoples fountain at VDNKh. © RIA Novosti/Ekaterina Chesnokova

On June 5, 2014, the temperature in Moscow rose to 31.6 degrees. In the photo: Moscow residents flee from the heat at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev “531” width=”790″ style=”display: block;” />

On June 17, 2020, the temperature record set in 1892 was broken in Moscow. The air in the capital warmed up to 31.4 degrees. On the photo: Tverskaya street in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Aleksey Maishev “481” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

On June 23, 2021, the temperature in Moscow rose to 34.8 degrees. In the photo: a girl bathes in the White Lake in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Pavel Bednyakov

August 6 was the second hottest day of the current summer in Moscow after July 11, when the air temperature was 32.8 degrees Celsius. On August 6, 2022, the temperature rose to plus 31.7 degrees. In the photo: people at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Biyatov

Anomalous heat in Moscow in different years

In June 1954, the air temperature in the capital rose to 33 degrees. In the photo: vacationers on the beach in Serebryany Bor in the 1950s. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Tikhanov

In 1972, all three summer months were abnormally warm, the hottest in Moscow was July 7 and August 21 (34.8). In the photo: residents of the capital sunbathe and swim in the Moskva River near the metro bridge on Vorobyovy Gory (formerly known as Leninskiye Gory) in the 1970s. © RIA Novosti/Valery Shustov :block;” />

In 1981, a 30-degree heat set in from the end of June, in July there were nine days with a temperature of 30 degrees and above. The peak value of the summer season in 1981 was 35 degrees (July 22). On the photo: Luzhnetskaya embankment in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/M. Drums display: block;” />

In 1988, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32.5 degrees (June 6) and to 32.7 degrees (June 7). In the photo: a woman is resting in Izmailovsky Park. © RIA Novosti/Fidler block;” />

June 1998 was abnormally warm: the heat continued from the beginning of the month until the 20th. The air temperature in the capital warmed up to 30 degrees and above: June 10 (30.0), June 11 (31.3), June 12 (30.8), June 13 (30.3), June 14 (33.4) and June 15 (33.9). In the photo: a girl at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Oleg Lastochkin :block;” />

In 1999, hot, dry weather lasted almost the whole of June, during 18 days the daytime air temperature warmed up to 28-32 degrees. In the photo: residents of the capital spend their free time by the water on a hot day. © RIA Novosti/Dmitry Korobeinikov

July 29, 2010 the temperature in Moscow rose to 38.2 degrees. Smog and the smell of burning from forest and peat fires in the suburbs spread throughout the capital. © RIA Novosti/Konstantin Chalabov :block;” />

On August 6, 2010, the temperature in Moscow rose to 37.3 degrees. In the photo: a man is resting on the lawn under an umbrella. © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Fomichev :block;” />

On June 27, 2013, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32 degrees. In the photo: vacationers at the Friendship of Peoples fountain at VDNKh. © RIA Novosti/Ekaterina Chesnokova :block;” />

On June 5, 2014, the temperature in Moscow rose to 31.6 degrees. In the photo: Moscow residents flee from the heat at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev :block;” />

On June 17, 2020, the temperature record set in 1892 was broken in Moscow. The air in the capital warmed up to 31.4 degrees. On the photo: Tverskaya street in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Aleksey Maishev :block;” />

On June 23, 2021, the temperature in Moscow rose to 34.8 degrees. In the photo: a girl bathes in the White Lake in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Pavel Bednyakov :block;” />

August 6 was the second hottest day of the current summer in Moscow after July 11, when the air temperature was 32.8 degrees Celsius. On August 6, 2022, the temperature rose to plus 31.7 degrees. In the photo: people at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Biyatov

Risk group

When it  outside 30 degrees and such weather lasts for for several days, it's hard for everyone. Especially those who suffer from chronic diseases, the elderly. They should be especially attentive to their health and lifestyle. The load on the cardiovascular system is growing, the heart beats more often, and the body loses fluid on a larger scale than in usual time.

For the elderly, dehydration is very dangerous, they need to replenish the lack of fluid in time. “However, elderly people may have problems with  — warns aif.ru readers Chief Geriatrician of the Moscow Department of Health, ­Deputy Director of the Russian Gerontological Research and Clinical Center, Professor Nadezhda Runikhina. — With age, many people begin to feel less thirsty. There are patients who, due to such a geriatric syndrome as urinary incontinence, specifically try to limit their water intake. Others try to drink less to avoid profuse sweating. A decrease in fluid in the body leads to a whole cascade of adverse reactions. In particular, the risk of thrombosis increases, because. blood viscosity increases. And this, in turn, can lead to heart attack, stroke, deep vein thrombosis — depending on in in which vessels blood clots have formed».

Do not refresh, but dehydrate

When it's hot, we really want something refreshing, but instead of cooling the body a little, we harm it and dehydrate it. And if healthy people can tolerate such mistakes relatively calmly without noticing them, although not without long-term consequences, then people who suffer from diseases of the kidneys or cardiovascular system may feel very unwell.

For for example, everyone's favorite watermelon, the main berry of the end of summer — contribute to dehydration and  edema, according to pediatrician, candidate of medical sciences Irina Yuzup, diuretic products (watermelons, tomatoes, celery) contribute to dehydration of the body, and also contain an excess of salts and  sugars. Therefore, in the heat they must be consumed very sparingly.

Alcohol — main enemy

A mug of beer in the heat or a refreshing mojito will do much more harm in the heat than in normal weather, because we remember that alcohol, even in small quantities, is harmful to health. According to immunologist-allergist Anna Shulyaeva, alcohol in & nbsp; heat damages blood vessels and & nbsp; dehydrates the body. Alcohol needs a lot of water to break down, and even at normal temperatures it's difficult for the body, let alone when the body is exhausted by the heat. Against the background of its use, dryness in the mouth begins, there may be a headache. As a result, alcohol only increases thirst, dehydration on its background on a hot day is fraught with dizziness and fainting. And the load on the heart and vessels is still growing, which is fraught with a drop in blood pressure, the risks of heart attacks and strokes increase.

Don't forget about vitamins and minerals

In heat we lose more magnesium, potassium and sodium, their lack should be filled. “Potassium, for example, can be obtained from  hazelnuts, — says Anna Ivashkevich, dietitian and family therapist, — it is enough to eat a small handful a day, 8-10 pieces. By the way, nuts can be a great snack if you add seasonal berries and fruits. Magnesium can also be obtained from foods, it contains chocolate, buckwheat, spinach, almonds and cashew».

For the heat, cooling products are often recommended, those that contain a lot of moisture. These are cucumbers, zucchini, with minimal heat treatment, steamed or stewed. These are broccoli and cauliflower, which can also be steamed or blanched. Excellent refreshing kefir. It also saturates, if you take not  fat-free, but 3.2%. Add herbs, spices to and you will get a great snack or a light dish.

Exclude icy and heavy

However, cravings for refreshing and cold foods and drinks can damage our digestive system. "Such drinks and dishes cool for a short time — notes Irina Yuzup, — but the body needs to work hard to warm and digest such food, and we remember that the main forces go to thermoregulation. Dishes and drinks should not be colder than 10-15 degrees Celsius. The expert also recommends to refrain from eating heavy, fatty, fried, fast food. The  body must have the strength to cool and fight heat, and such products are too heavy.

Plan your purchases

Poison yourself with spoiled foods in  — lighter than easy. Even the products you just bought from the shop can spoil on the way home in stuffy vehicles.

Nadezhda Raeva, Head of the Food Hygiene Supervision Department of the Rospotrebnadzor Office for the Moscow Region, warns: ""Any protein foods spoil very quickly. They should be stored at a temperature of + 2- + 4 & nbsp; degrees. And it is dangerous to transport them without a cooler bag. We can not save this temperature during transportation. Of course, the manufacturer provides for a certain reserve ratio, for example, you can carry products from store to home in 15-20 minutes, but often it is not possible to get there so quickly. And already if you have to go by public transport — it's much longer. According to the expert, at at-risk — sausage, meat and fish, even dairy products, you should pay special attention to them, since we eat cottage cheese and kefir without heat treatment. Even ice cream spoils in the heat: if it begins to thaw, then pathogenic bacteria also develop in it, therefore it is not recommended to eat melted ice cream.

To avoid the explosive multiplication of bacteria in products that occurs on  hot weather, it is best to stock up on a cooler bag or a thermal pack for transporting groceries, plan shopping times, go only to the nearest stores or buy groceries early in the morning or late in the evening when there is no strong heat.

< h2>Water treatments

Rest by pond and swimming — one of the main ways to cool off and favorite entertainment on weekends. Here, too, you need to act wisely. You can’t warm up too much in the sun, and then rush into cold water, says Anna Shulyaeva, an immunologist-allergist: “Sudden temperature changes don’t have a very good effect.” this and  constriction of blood vessels, and  many other troubles. It can be fraught with various problems, up to  cardiac failures. It is generally better to avoid frying in the sun, and choose reservoirs with a comfortable temperature for swimming.

Cream — required

For more than a year now, doctors have been actively recommending not to go outside in the heat and under the sun without sunscreen. Moreover, it is advised to use maximum filters — more often we are talking about a value of 50. “Creams should be with SPF 30-50 protection. It is important to remember this, because burns come on quickly and not always you can feel them right away, and unpleasant symptoms will bother you for a long time — redness, burning, peeling skin, inability to lie down, — notes Anna Shulyaeva.

Car overheating

“Iron Friend” also suffers from heat and may fail at any minute, overheating on the road. And & nbsp; this is already fraught with danger for the person sitting in it: no one wants to be under the scorching rays of the sun in an open field. The most common cause of overheating is the radiator, which over the years has become clogged with dirt, poplar fluff, chemicals, etc. The radiator is damaged even during an unsuccessful car wash.

Another reason for frequent overheating of the motor is a faulty thermostat, which stops opening the external circuit of the cooling system, due to which the antifreeze circulates in a small circle. Incomplete opening of its valve will lead to deterioration in the supply of antifreeze from the engine to the radiator.

Aif.ru advises that you also need to check under the hood of the car so that overheating is not terrible for your car >&gt ;>

Water is leaving

From year to year, heat waves become longer and more frequent, their temperature gradually rises. This does not remain without consequences, the climate affects not only the health of people, but the landscape, and the behavior of animals.

Because of the heat, there are threats, including energy the security of Russia, and and the whole world as a whole. This is how Siberian rivers become shallow, even such full-flowing rivers as the Ob and the Yenisei.

"Low water levels in Siberian rivers are explained by abnormal meteorological conditions of the current year — little snowy winter and hot spring. This kind of low water occurs approximately once in 75-100 years. There is nothing unusual here, nature has certain cycles, — says the head Department of Land Hydrology, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Doctor of Geographical Sciences Natalia Frolova. — Low water — this is a seasonal or long-term period of low water content, and this is a dangerous hydrological phenomenon, unfortunately, it is observed more and more often on the territory of Russia. It carries a lot of consequences — social, economic, environmental… First, shipping is suffering. Secondly, the generation of electricity by river HPPs is decreasing, because their indicators directly depend on the volume of water accumulated in reservoirs. Thirdly, there are interruptions in the water supply of the population and industrial enterprises. In addition, water quality is deteriorating, crop yields are falling, risks to human health arise, and the quality of life in general decreases.

Attack of slugs

Hot weather also affects the behavior of animals, more precisely their migration, their exploration of new territories.

For example, in Russia, animals from other, more southern regions began to appear more and more often. So, in the gardens of central Russia, red Spanish slugs were noticed, which could inadvertently be brought from southern countries along with fruits and vegetables. And the slugs took root. Gardeners have already managed to invent an original way to deal with them. It is necessary to bury next to the beds attacked by invertebrates, a tin can, where to pour some beer. According to Andrei Tumanov, a gardener and gardener, slugs love beer and will gather in large numbers of such traps.

< p>

Scientists believe that one of reasons  — global warming. Strengthening of invasions (that is, the appearance of invasive species — ed. note) all over the world, scientists associate with including it (global warming — ed. note), — told aif.ru Varos Petrosyan, chief researcher at the Institute of Ecology Problems and evolution named after A. N. Severtsova RAS, Doctor of Biological Sciences. A year ago, the UN published the next, sixth in a row, report on what is happening with climate on the planet. Warming is proceeding at an unprecedented rate, changes are taking place in nature, which have not happened for hundreds of thousands of years. This report presents 40 models in different regions of the Earth. Until  2040, all these models are quite close and show a warming of  1.5 °C. And farther, until 2100 the year, the scenarios differ, the range of possible warming ranges from 4.6 to 6 °C».

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Vučić opposes foreign military bases in Serbia

President Aleksandar Vučić said that as long as he is the supreme commander, there will be no military bases of other states in Serbia

Serbia does not need military bases on its territory. This was stated by President Aleksandar Vučić, Kurir.rs reports.

“Serbia does not need any military bases, Serbia itself will defend its country and people, build alliances and not be ashamed of good relations with Russia, America and China. We'll take care of ourselves,— said Vučić.

The head of state noted that as long as he is the supreme commander, no one will force Serbia to build a military base on its territory.

Russian Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Serbia Alexander Botsan-Kharchenko said earlier that the creation of a Russian military base in Serbia is a sovereign affair of the country itself. The diplomat noted that Russia ensures the energy stability of Serbia, and military-technical cooperation continues.

The President of Serbia had previously refused to impose sanctions against Russia, despite pressure from the EU countries. Vučić explained that Belgrade's position is not anti-Western or Russophobic, despite being surrounded by NATO countries. He compared the state to a “small island”.

“Some people call it a problem. What is the problem in trusting our people, the heroic genes of our citizens, and that we are able to defend our land and want to have the right to defend our borders, our country, have our own military and protect our sky? he explained.

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Kommersant learned about the detention of the ex-deputy of the State Duma at the Adler airport

Yevgeny Trepov is accused of embezzling the money of the bankrupt Confidence Bank, which he owned. According to security officials, the ex-deputy was going to flee to Georgia. He was transferred to Moscow and arrested

Former State Duma deputy Yevgeny Trepov was detained at the Adler airport, the Kommersant newspaper writes.

Trepov is accused of embezzling money from the bankrupt Kostroma Confidence Bank, the owner and chairman of the board of directors of which he was, according to the publication. Criminal case under Part 4 of Art. 160 of the Criminal Code was initiated by the Investigative Committee in October last year. He was charged in absentia, and then he was put on the federal wanted list. A bank with a debt of 4.3 billion lost its license in April 2018.

According to security officials, the ex-deputy was going to flee to Georgia. He was transferred to Moscow. On Friday, the Basmanny District Court placed Trepov under house arrest. In the case of embezzlement, the former and. about. Chairman of the Board of Confidence Bank Svetlana Germogenova, the court arrested her.

WSJ learned about the lack of money in Ukraine for salaries of the military

WSJ: Ukraine struggles to pay its soldiers and has to print money for the military Taxes only cover about 40% of spending, while military spending exceeds 60%. Kyiv needs about $5 billion a month to cover the remaining expenses. The National Bank has to print money, which weakens the hryvnia and spurs inflation

Ukraine is struggling to pay salaries to military personnel and is forced to print money to cover military expenses, The Wall Street Journal writes, citing Finance Minister Sergei Marchenko and Deputy Chairman of the National bank of Sergey Nikolaychuk.

«Every day and night it is a constant headache»— Marchenko said.

Tax revenues cover only about 40% of government spending, while military spending exceeds 60%. The government needs about $5 billion a month to cover the remaining costs.

The National Bank has to print money so that the government can pay salaries to soldiers and buy weapons and ammunition, which weakens the hryvnia and fuels inflation. Nikolaychuk would like Western countries to allocate at least about $3 billion a month. The Central Bank demands from the government to raise taxes and cut spending. Marchenko, in turn, believes that “it is better to risk high inflation than not pay the salaries of soldiers.”

In early July, Prime Minister of Ukraine Denys Shmygal reported that the country's monthly spending on the maintenance of the armed forces since the outbreak of hostilities amounted to 130 billion hryvnia ($4.4 billion).

< p> In early August, Kyiv's creditors, which account for about 75% of the bonds, agreed to freeze payments until 2024. This will allow Ukraine to save $5.8 billion, Bloomberg reported. The country's total external debt is $19.6 billion.

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Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has accused the EU of “artificial delay” with the provision of financial assistance to the country for «8 billion and urged not to make ordinary Ukrainians hostages of «indecision or bureaucracy» some EU leaders. At the same time, the Ukrainian leader noted, he believes that “this is still a mistake that will be corrected.”

At the end of June, the EU countries approved the provision of additional financial assistance to Ukraine for €9 billion. However, later the head The Ukrainian Ministry of Finance, in an interview with the Corriere della Sera newspaper, said that some states “are not ready to support Ukraine with such an amount.” The publication, citing sources, wrote that Germany was blocking the aid. The fact is that it provides almost interest-free loans to Kyiv with repayment in 25 years at the expense of its own European debt obligations, and Berlin is the largest guarantor of these Eurobonds. Germany has so far agreed only with the allocation of the first tranche of €1 billion, wrote Corriere della Sera.

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Russia considers its declaration as a sponsor of terrorism in the US as a point of no return

Foreign Ministry: Russia warned the United States about the point of no return when declaring it a sponsor of terrorism Moscow warned Washington that recognizing Russia as a “country sponsor of terrorism” would be a “point of no return,” the Foreign Ministry said. They did not rule out that Russia could lower the level of diplomatic relations with the United States or even break them

Moscow warned Washington that declaring Russia a “country” sponsor of terrorism” will become the “point of no return” in relations between states, said Alexander Darchiev, director of the North American Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry, in an interview with TASS.

He described the situation in relations between the countries as “turbulent”, noting that Western states, led by the United States, “trampled international law and absolute taboos in diplomatic practice.” Darchiev mentioned a proposal to declare Moscow a “sponsor of terrorism.” “If it [the initiative] is implemented, it will mean that Washington has crossed the point of no return with the most serious collateral damage to bilateral diplomatic relations,” — warned the head of the Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

He did not rule out that in this case Russia could lower the level of diplomatic relations with the United States or even break them.

p>

Now the list of sponsors of terrorism in the United States includes four countries — Iran, North Korea, Cuba and Syria.

Being on the list means strict restrictions on interaction with this state, a ban on the export of defense goods, control over the export of dual-use products, financial and other restrictions — these measures are included in the list of anti-Russian sanctions. In addition, sanctions are envisaged against other states that maintain trade relations with a sponsor of terrorism.

In late July, the US Senate passed a resolution calling on Secretary of State Anthony Blinken to recognize Russia as a “country”; sponsor of terrorism. Later, Politico reported that Congressmen from the Democratic and Republican parties are going to submit a bill to the House of Representatives. They hope that Congress can give Moscow such a status, bypassing the State Department.

The White House said that they are studying the possibility of classifying Russia as a “country”; sponsors of terrorism. In early August, Democratic and Republican senators Richard Blumenthal and Lindsey Graham called for recognition of Russia as such, regardless of the presence or absence of support from President Joe Biden.

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This week, the Latvian Seimas recognized Russia as a “country”; sponsor of terrorism. Moscow called this decision “another manifestation of Russophobia, which has long become a” tuning fork ” of Latvian foreign policy».

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Unified State Examination will become mandatory in the liberated territories of Ukraine in five years

The USE will become mandatory for schoolchildren in the liberated territories in Ukraine in five years. This was announced on Friday by the head of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation Sergey Kravtsov on the air of the Rossiya-24 TV channel.

According to the minister, a transitional period is currently underway and passing the exam for schoolchildren will be voluntary.

< p>“We discussed for a long time that we are giving a transitional period, that for five years, when the guys can voluntarily choose to pass the state exam, and after five years already introduce the Unified State Exam as a mandatory one,” Kravtsov noted.

At the same time, the head of the department stressed that schools in the liberated territories themselves will be able to choose their educational programs. Two of them involve the study of the Ukrainian language as a native language or as an elective.

Kravtsov also expressed the opinion that the transition period will not take long.

Earlier it was also reported that in the Kherson region for the first time Russian-style certificates were issued in schools.

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2022 Perseid meteor shower

The Perseids are formed as the Earth passes through a plume of dust particles released by comet 109/Swift-Tuttle. 

Under favorable conditions, up to 100 meteors per hour, or 1-2 meteors per minute, can be observed. For better visibility, it is better to observe the meteor shower outside the city or in the mountains, focusing to the northeast.

Falling meteors — in the aif.ru photo feed.

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A QR code will appear on Russian diplomas of secondary vocational education

A special QR code will appear on Russian diplomas of secondary vocational education. This is stated in the order of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation published on the portal of legal information.

It is noted that the QR code will be placed in the lower left corner of the left side of the reverse side of the title form, where there is a white square field 3×3 cm in size. It can be black and white or elements of several different degrees of brightness.

The order will enter into force on March 1 next year.

Now school certificates are marked with QR codes. This should ensure the protection of documents from forgery.

Recall that in in June, an experiment to create digital diplomas and certificates began in Russia.

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Gunzburg: the vaccine from Delta and Omicron was created on the basis of Sputnik V

The vaccine against new variants of the COVID-19 omicron strain is not new, since it was created on the basis of Sputnik V, only the antigenic composition has changed.

About this RIA The news was announced by Alexander Gintsburg, director of the Gamaleya Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology.

He said that the center had produced a vaccine containing the sequence from Delta; and Omikron, which, presumably, should protect well not only against these strains, but also against variant BA.5.

Earlier it was reported that Russia began to produce nozzles for a nasal vaccine against coronavirus.< /p> Rate the material

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The expert told how to avoid stress when returning to work after a vacation

It is better to return to work from vacation in the second half of the week, and start getting used to getting up early on an alarm clock — even while on vacation. These are the basic rules, the observance of which will help to minimize stress during the transition to the working regime.

The researcher of the Laboratory of Occupational Physiology and Preventive Ergonomics of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Research Institute of Occupational Medicine named after Academician N. F. Izmerov” told URA.RU about them. Anna Zakrevskaya.

According to her, the alarm clock should be started a few days before the end of the vacation, gradually shifting the time at which the habit of waking up to the one at which you will need to get up for work.

The same principle can be applied when choosing the day when you need to return to work. If the schedule is 5/2, then going to work in the middle of the week will help to smoothly enter the previous mode.

“And the third — Before the holidays, we set aside time to get away from work tasks. Something similar should be done before returning to work — take stock, look at photos», — Zakrevskaya noted.

Earlier it was reported that more than a third of Russians this year either postponed or completely refused vacation.

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The Ministry of Defense showed the work of attack helicopters Ka-52 on the positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation showed attacks on strongholds and armored vehicles by Ka-52 helicopters. A video of the work of the helicopter pilots is posted on the Telegram channel of the Russian military department.

Ka-52s fired missiles at the identified fortified points of the Ukrainian military.

“As a result of combat use, the command post, tanks and other armored vehicles of the Armed Forces of Ukraine,” the ministry said in a statement.

Earlier, the Ministry of Defense showed footage of the capture of a stronghold of the Armed Forces of Ukraine by Russian reconnaissance paratroopers.

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In Zaporozhye, they said that the shell fell 10 meters from the ZNPP waste storage

< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1010xH/media/img/0/64/756602929724640.webp 1010w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 640px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 640px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Zaporozhye NPP

During the strikes on the Zaporizhzhya NPP on August 11, a fire station and a thermal power plant on the territory of the nuclear facility were damaged, one of the shells fell 10 meters from the nuclear waste storage, said on the air of the Rossiya 24 TV channel. Vladimir Rogov, member of the main council of the military-civilian administration (CMA) of the Zaporozhye region.

According to him, the building of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, where firefighters were located and which is located next to the station buildings and power units, and a thermal power plant that ensures the operation of nuclear power plant equipment , received damage, but “not critical”.

The main targets of strikes by the Ukrainian army on the territory of the station Rogov called the cooling circuit and the dry storage of nuclear fuel waste. One of the shells fell 10m from the last one, he added.

The member of the VGA also said that the 44th artillery brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was firing, the attack was from Nikopol, Dnipropetrovsk region, 152-millimeter guns were used.

“From the point of view of nuclear safety, everything is in order. <…> The critical infrastructure of the nuclear power plant was not damaged, the operation of the reactors was not disrupted, — he noted.

Rogov called Kyiv's tactics “nuclear blackmail”; “of all continental Europe”.

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The Zaporizhia nuclear power plant, which is under the control of the Russian side, was attacked during July & August, Moscow and Kyiv mutually accuse each other of shelling. The day before, on August 11, the station was again under fire. On the same day, a special meeting of the UN Security Council on the situation at the plant was held.

At it, the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Rafael Grossi said that now there is an immediate threat to nuclear safety in connection with the hostilities near the nuclear power plant no, but the situation may change at any time.

The IAEA mission was supposed to visit the station, but the trip has not yet taken place. The Russian Foreign Ministry blamed the UN Security and Safety Department for disrupting it, while accusations were made against Russia that it was preventing the agency's specialists from entering the station. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs rejected these accusations.

Moscow has repeatedly warned about the risk of a man-made disaster due to attacks on the power plant. The UN and the US called for the demilitarization of the nuclear power plant zone, and the foreign ministers of the G7 countries— return control over the station to Ukraine.

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Kadyrov urged the head of Rosleskhoz to “get up from his familiar chair”

Ramzan Kadyrov urged the head of Rosleskhoz to “get up from his seat” because of the assessment of Chechnya Rosleskhoz “carelessly and mediocrely” compiled a formula for calculating the rating of effective forestry, which is why Chechnya was at the bottom of the list, Kadyrov is sure. He called on the head of the agency to come to the republic

Medvedev told how he sees the fate of Zelensky

Medvedev said that Zelensky is waiting for “a tribunal or second roles in a comedy show” Medvedev visited the LPR the day before. According to him, it was not scary to go there – “let them be afraid of us.” On the trip, the deputy head of the Security Council was accompanied by the heads of the security forces, the deputy head of the presidential administration and the minister of construction “image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1010xH/media/img/2/53/756602967365532.webp 1010w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 640px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 640px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Dmitry Medvedev

The result for Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky will be “a tribunal or a return to a comedy show in supporting roles,” Dmitry Medvedev, deputy chairman of the Russian Security Council, said. His answers were published in Telegram by journalist Nadana Friedrichson. TASS reported that the Security Council confirmed the authenticity of the quotes.

The day before, Medvedev visited the Luhansk People's Republic. When asked by a journalist about the purpose of the trip, he replied: “To better protect the inhabitants of the LPR, DPR and other liberated territories.”

Medvedev was also asked if it was not scary to go there. “It's not scary. Let them be afraid of us,— he answered.

Medvedev visited the LPR together with the leaders of the security forces— Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov, Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev, FSB Director Alexander Bortnikov and Head of the Investigative Committee Alexander Bastrykin. The trip was also attended by Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration Sergei Kiriyenko and Minister of Construction Irek Fayzullin.

In the LPR, Medvedev met with the head of the republic, Leonid Pasechnik, and the head of the DPR, Denis Pushilin. On behalf of Russian President Vladimir Putin, he also held a meeting on “priority measures to ensure the security of the republics of Donbass.” One of the topics was the harmonization of the laws of the LPR and DPR with the Russian one. The participants also discussed the restoration of infrastructure, the repair of hospitals, the preparation of schools for the start of the school year, and ways to solve the social problems of citizens.

The Russian authorities insist that Ukraine must recognize the independence of the DPR and LPR, and call this one of the principal points for a peace agreement. Kyiv considers these territories occupied and declares its intention to return them.

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Reuters learned about Kazakhstan’s plans to supply oil bypassing Russia

Kazakhstan is negotiating with Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey on the transit of oil to world markets. While it is pumping oil through Russia, the two new routes are capable of delivering only 8% of the oil available via the Russian route< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1010xH/media/img/2/51/756602959623512.webp 1010w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 640px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 640px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Kazakhstan is studying the possibility of oil supplies through Azerbaijan, the relevant preliminary negotiations of the state company “KazMunayGas” (KMG) is working with the Azerbaijani SOCAR, Reuters writes citing three informed sources.

We are talking about pumping 1.5 million tons of Kazakh-made oil through the Azerbaijani pipeline Baku —Tbilisi —Ceyhan (BTD), which pumps fuel to the Turkish port of Ceyhan in the Mediterranean. The parties can reach a final agreement at the end of August, deliveries will begin in a month, the agency's interlocutors said.

Reuters points out that 30,000 barrels per day of oil through this route will be insignificant compared to the 1.3-1.4 million barrels per day that Kazakhstan supplies to the world market through the Russian Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC).

The parties plan that another 3.5 million tons of oil from Kazakhstan next year will begin to flow through another Azerbaijani pipeline to a Georgian port at the mouth of the Supsa River, two sources told Reuters. Probably, we are talking about the Western Route Export Pipeline (WREP), in the first six months of this year, about 7 million barrels of oil were pumped through it. As part of the construction of the gas pipeline, a terminal was also built near Supsa with a capacity of 1 million barrels.

Both routes are capable of pumping a little more than 100 thousand barrels daily, which is 8% of the volume of the Russian CPC, Reuters notes.

< p>

The largest shareholders of CPC are Transneft; (24%) and “KazMunayGas” (19%). This is one of the largest investment projects in the energy sector with the participation of foreign partners in the CIS.

Through the Tengiz pipeline — Novorossiysk, with a length of more than 1.5 thousand km, supplies more than two thirds of all export oil of Kazakhstan, as well as raw materials from Russian fields, including those in the Caspian Sea. The company's marine terminal is equipped with three remote mooring units.

Reuters writes that the reason for Kazakhstan's search for other ways to supply oil was the actions of the Russian court against CPC. At the beginning of the month, a court in Novorossiysk suspended the operation of the pipeline for 30 days due to the discovery of environmental violations at production facilities.

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A week later, the suspension of activities was replaced by a fine in the amount of 200 thousand rubles. The CPC pointed out the continuous production cycle at the enterprise, due to which the immediate suspension of activities threatens with “irreversible consequences for the production process, the emergence and development of an unfavorable and uncontrollable process at a technical facility, including its destruction.”

At the end of July, due to weather conditions, seven towers of overhead power lines collapsed, which caused the power supply to be cut off at two CPC pumping stations: Kurmangazy; and PS "Isatai" (both are located in the Kazakh city of Atyrau). The company announced the return to normal operation on July 30. Soon, oil pumping through the CPC was again “significantly reduced”, the exact data was not announced by the company. The reason was the repair of the pipeline leading from the Tengiz field in Kazakhstan, and the stoppage of oil production at the Kashagan field, the consortium explained.

Kazakh “CNPC-Aktobemunaigaz” in early June, renamed the brand of oil exported through Russian seaports to Kazakhstan Export Blend Crude Oil (KEBCO). This was done in order to “separate” her from Russian oil due to “recent significant geopolitical changes.” Traders interviewed by Reuters then indicated that Kazakh oil was mistaken for Russian oil more than once.

This year, Kazakhstan intends to export about 69 million tons of oil, which is 2.1% more than last year, writes LSM .kz.

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The military administration of Zaporozhye allowed the conservation of nuclear power plants due to shelling

The Zaporizhzhya NPP supplied electricity equivalent to 70 million rubles to the territories of Ukraine controlled by Kyiv. per day, but shelling forces to redirect power to the regions occupied by Russian troops, the VGA reported

Electricity generation at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant is minimal, and if shelling continues, it will be mothballed, Vladimir Rogov, a member of the main council of the military-civilian administration (CAA) of the region, said on the air of Rossiya 24. This authority was formed after the occupation of the region of Ukraine by Russian troops.

According to Rogov, the nuclear power plant daily supplied the territory controlled by the Ukrainian authorities with an amount of electricity equivalent to 60-70 million rubles.

“Soon they will not receive anything. Because, of course, we will save the nuclear power plant, mothball it, bring the loads that we have to the liberated territories»— he said.

According to Rogov, power supply problems will soon begin in the territory controlled by the Ukrainian authorities. Now there is a policy of “preserving what is, so that nothing happens,” — stressed a member of the main council of the Zaporozhye CAA.

Zaporozhye NPP, located in Energodar, — Europe's largest nuclear power plant in terms of installed capacity. It has six VVER-1000 power units. The first was put into operation in December 1984, the sixth — in October 1995. The Russian military has been in control of its territory since February 28. However, Ukrainian operators still operate the station.

The Zaporozhye nuclear power plant is under the control of the Russian side, the plant has been under attack since July. Moscow and Kyiv mutually accused each other of shelling. The day before, on August 11, the nuclear power plant was again under fire. The Zaporizhzhia Military Administration said that at least three shells fell close to the storage facility for radioactive isotopes. On the morning of August 12, the authorities reported that the projectile fell 10m from the nuclear waste storage, but “from the point of view of nuclear safety, everything is in order. <…> The critical infrastructure of the nuclear power plant was not damaged, the operation of the reactors was not disrupted,” the CAA said in a statement.

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Foreign Ministers of the G7 countries (G7: Germany, France, Italy, Japan, Canada, Great Britain and the USA) demanded that Russia immediately transfer the Zaporizhzhya NPP to Ukrainian control, indicating that otherwise the risk of a nuclear accident is high. “Russia's permanent control over the nuclear power plant endangers the region,” — said in a G7 statement.

The UN urged to urgently agree on a “secure demilitarization perimeter” Zaporozhye NPP, such an initiative was put forward by Secretary General António Guterres. He emphasized that a nuclear facility cannot be used “as part of any military operation.” The United States supported the creation of a demilitarized zone around the nuclear power plant.

At the same time, the idea of ​​Guterres met with misunderstanding in the Russian mission to the UN. “I don't understand what he means by this sentence. Let him explain what he means by this perimeter,— Vasily Nebenzya, permanent representative, said. He argues that Russia does not use nuclear and civilian facilities for military purposes, accusing Ukraine of such tactics. Nebenzia believes that the withdrawal of Russian troops from the nuclear power plant in Zaporozhye will cause “monstrous provocations” by the authorities of Ukraine.

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The Russian Defense Ministry announced the destruction of HIMARS missiles and a radar station

Russian Defense Ministry: Armed Forces brigade lost more than 2,000 soldiers near Soledar In the first case, 70% of the servicemen died, according to the Ministry of Defense * /webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/1/02/756602998619021.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/1/02/756602998619021.webp 1200w" type="image/webp" media="(-webkit-min-device -pixel-ratio: 2), (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

HIMARS multiple launch rocket system

Russian forces shot down two HIMARS multiple rocket launchers in the air near Novaya Kakhovka, as well as four rockets from the Vilkha MLRS. near Chernobaevka in the Kherson region of Ukraine, the Russian Defense Ministry reported.

The Russian Aerospace Forces destroyed an AN/MPQ-64 counter-battery radar station manufactured and supplied to Ukraine by the United States, the ministry added. This happened on the territory of the Donetsk region, its administrative borders in the DPR were established as state borders.

“As a result of the offensive actions of the allied forces in the Soledar area, the losses of the 14th mechanized brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine amounted to more than two thousand people”,&mdash ; approved by the ministry.

According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, the strikes near Opytny and Nevelskoye in the DPR caused the loss of 70% of the personnel of the 56th motorized infantry brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine stationed in the DPR of the payroll. In addition, as a result of a strike on the 28th mechanized brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, up to a hundred people were killed, nine units of military equipment were destroyed, the ministry said. “The personnel of the 23rd battalion of the brigade in full strength left their combat positions without permission and departed for the rear areas”, — said in the message.

Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine more than five months ago— on the night of February 24th. President Vladimir Putin called the purpose of the special operation to save the inhabitants of Donbass from “genocide by the Kyiv regime”, as well as demilitarization and “denazification” a neighboring state.

Ukraine severed diplomatic relations with Russia, declared martial law and declared general mobilization.

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Ukraine has declared martial law, declared mobilization and severed diplomatic relations with Moscow.

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Medvedev wrote about the risk of “accidents” at European nuclear power plants

Dmitry Medvedev

Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev accused the Ukrainian authorities of being ready to arrange a “new Chernobyl” by shelling the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant. He published his comment on the Telegram channel.

Medvedev denied allegations of Russia's involvement in the shelling and called them “nonsense”. “They say that it turns out purely by chance. Like they didn't want to. What can I say… It should not be forgotten that the European Union also has nuclear power plants. And accidents are also possible there, & mdash; he wrote.

The day before, the shelling of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, which is under the control of the Russian military, was discussed at a meeting of the UN Security Council, convened at the initiative of Russia. On the morning of August 12, Volodymyr Rogov, a member of the Main Council of the Zaporizhzhya Regional State Administration, said that during the shelling, one of the shells fell 10 meters from the nuclear fuel storage site.

The material is being supplemented.< /em>

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What is the penalty for abandoned pets?

The State Duma plans to tighten the responsibility for the improper maintenance of pets. About this “Parliamentary newspaper” said head of the State Duma committee on ecology and environmental protection Vladimir Burmatov. In particular, it is planned to introduce penalties for such violations.

What can Russians who keep animals be punished for?

According to Burmatov, the Code of Administrative Offenses will be supplemented with six new offenses. All amendments will be related to cruelty to animals. The main punishment for violators will be a fine.

Thus, according to the draft, sanctions will be applied to persons:

  • thrown their pets into the street;
  • cruel handling animals in kennels, shelters, circuses and zoos;
  • Ministries of Nature: bears, cougars, some species of monkeys and snakes;

  • who let their pets go on their own. According to Burmatov, it is proposed to give the authorities of the regions additional powers to establish administrative responsibility for such “walks” animals.

Penalties also threaten officials who did not provide conditions for the proper treatment of animals in their jurisdictions, the deputy concluded.

What is the penalty for cruelty to pets ? 

The State Duma is sure that the most effective way in the fight against unscrupulous pet owners will be “a blow to the pocket.” So, for example, a fine of up to 30 thousand rubles is expected for a pet thrown into the street.

Parliamentarians did not forget about the responsibility of those whose pets can bite another person. Here, the sanctions will grow to 200 thousand rubles, provided there is no corpus delicti, Burmatov said earlier.

Punishment is also planned for those who keep potentially dangerous animals from the prohibited list at home. Previously, in this case, pets were simply confiscated, now their owners can be fined up to 200 thousand rubles.

When will the law come into force?

According to the parliamentarian, the bill has already been approved in the first reading. It should finally enter into force this autumn, Burmatov concluded.

Sources:

https://www.pnp.ru/social/v- rossii-vvedut-shtraf-za-vybroshennykh-domashnikh-zhivotnykh.html

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What phone scams operate in the US?

“Argumenty i Fakty” Weekly No. 32. Take a check per capita 10/08/2022

They write that there are also phone scammers in the United States, and they  a lot of. Are there also Ukrainian call centers operating there?

Expert's answer 0 + –

According to a study by the consulting company First Orion, in the first half of this year, more than 100

More than half of the respondents said that in 2022  received more such calls than in 2021. “Ukrainian “call centers” created following the example of fraudulent business gangs that arose in the United States in the 1980s —1990s, — says Chairman of the National Anti-Corruption Committee Kirill Kabanov. — This criminal sphere developed there in parallel with the formation of electronic databases with personal information in banks and other organizations. It was then that the first calls to Americans began with the imposition of banking and advertising services on them. Phone scams have flourished in full bloom with the rise of online services. Typically, calls are made in a territory where it is difficult to find and bring to justice the perpetrators. The scammers who fool the people of the United States often operate from  Mexico, while the Russians attack from Ukraine.

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Festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force

In Patriot Park solemn events are held in honor of the 110th anniversary of the Russian Air Force. A concert was held on Cathedral Square in front of the Main Temple of the RF Armed Forces. The culmination of the holiday was an aerial demonstration of aerobatics teams of the Russian Air Force — “Swifts” and “Russian Knights”. Read more — in the AiF.ru photo feed.

MiG-29UB aircraft from the Strizhi aerobatics team during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

A serviceman of the RF Armed Forces takes part in the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

The military orchestra takes part in the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

Aerobatic team “Russian Knights” on Su-30SM aircraft during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the formation of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

Prayer service in the Main Temple of the RF Armed Forces on the occasion of the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

Concert participants during the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the formation of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

MiG-29UB aircraft from the Swifts aerobatics team during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

Spectators watch the performance of aerobatic teams at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

MiG-29UB aircraft from the Strizhi aerobatics team during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

The Russian Knights aerobatic team on Su-30SM aircraft during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the formation of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

MiG-29UB aircraft from the Strizhi aerobatics team during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

A serviceman of the RF Armed Forces takes part in the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the formation of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

The military orchestra takes part in the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

Aerobatic team “Russian Knights” on Su-30SM aircraft during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the formation of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

Prayer service in the Main Temple of the RF Armed Forces on the occasion of the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

Concert participants during the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the formation of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

MiG-29UB aircraft from the Strizhi aerobatics team during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

Spectators watch the performance of aerobatic teams at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

MiG-29UB aircraft from the Strizhi aerobatics team during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

The Russian Knights aerobatic team on Su-30SM aircraft during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the formation of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

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Doctors performed the first artificial cornea transplant on 20 patients

Doctors from Europe, India and Iran for the first time successfully transplanted artificially grown cornea to 20 patients, writes the journal Nature Biotechnology.

When creating artificial tissues, scientists modified the structure of collagen filaments to the implant transmitted light in the same way as the human cornea. The material was also given increased strength.

The safety and effectiveness of artificial corneas were first tested in experiments on mammals, then scientists gathered a group of 20 volunteers from India and Iran, 14 of whom completely lost their sight. All patients managed to get rid of partial or complete blindness. 

The results of the experiment, as the study says, make the development a promising approach for the treatment of blindness associated with corneal degeneration. The technology makes it possible to mass-produce implants and store them for a long time, which will restore vision to many people.

Earlier, an ophthalmologist told why vision deteriorates over the years.

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What kind of case about ticket fraud in the leading theaters in Russia?

In the Tverskoy Court of Moscow, court hearings have begun on a criminal case against a group of people accused of fraud with theater tickets from leading theaters in Russia. This was reported by the press service of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation (TFR).

What is the essence of the criminal case?

According to the investigation, businessmen Aleksey Kurinov, Andrey Khartanyuk and his mother — Irina Khartanyuk, Vitaly Gashakov, Aleksey Kurinov, Yana Tagina and Yulia Charykova, “acting as part of a criminal group”, they created twin websites of the most popular cultural institutions in Moscow and St. Petersburg, including:

  • Mariinsky Theatre;
  • Maly Theatre;
  • Bolshoi Theatre;
  • Theatre of Nations;
  • Russian Academic Youth Theater (RAMT);
  • Conservatory. P. I. Tchaikovsky;
  • as well as the website of the Spasskaya Tower International Military Music Festival.

“All these cultural institutions suffered large-scale material damage in the form of illegal use of trademarks in the total amount of more than 9 million rubles.” ;, — said in the TFR.

Who organized the criminal business and how did it work?

According to the investigation, in 2013 Andrei Khartanyuk and Aleksey Kurinov started selling tickets online (for sports matches, performances and other cultural events) through Simple Life Innovation. For these purposes, Hartanyuk registered two domains — bilet2u.ru and sport2u.ru.

As follows from the materials of the criminal case, for several years businessmen worked within the framework of the law, and in 2017 Khrataniuk, in order to “dramatically increase his income”, instructed his companion Kurinov (according to the investigation «good programmer») to create clones of the official websites of popular Russian theaters. Through them, tickets were sold at inflated prices.

“Through these resources, the accomplices illegally sold tickets to the events of institutions using their trademarks and similar designations at inflated prices, misleading ticket buyers about the ownership of the sites to these institutions, thereby stealing the money of buyers, — noted in TFR.

It is also noted that the scammers sought to ensure that their sites appeared first when users requested them (foreign companies were indicated by the domain name operator for conspiracy). And in Moscow and Vladimir, they organized the work of call centers, through which they also sold tickets.

According to the investigation, Khartanyuk was in charge of the illegal business. He set ticket prices, distributed the proceeds from their sale, and also provided cover for the firms involved in the criminal scheme. Kurilov also controlled the work of hired designers and programmers. Other defendants in the criminal case also actively participated in the fraudulent scheme.

So, according to law enforcement officers, entrepreneur Yulia Charykova — this is Hartanyuk's personal assistant. Vitaly Gashakov (owner of Eurotickets, Ticket Market and Group Office) — selected premises for call centers, programmers and couriers. Yana Tagina (general director of the company «No way without us») — Responsible for the recruitment of call center operators and supervised their work. And the mother of the organizer of the criminal network — Irina Hartanyuk (general director of the Yurekspert company) — dealt with legal and financial issues (supervised the opening of bank accounts and the cashing out of funds received on them).

It was established that in total more than 150 people were involved in illegal activities (including IT specialists, programmers, call center employees, ticket sellers). 

The money from illegal ticket sales was transferred to the accounts of organizations controlled by fraudsters, and then distributed among the members of the criminal group.

How did you find the fraudsters?

As follows from the materials of the case, the basis for starting an investigation served as a statement from the Mariinsky Theater, in which they found that tickets for their performances are sold through clones of the official website — mariinskii.com and mariinskiy-theatre.com. Based on the results of the pre-investigation check, the criminal case was opened on February 14, 2022.

In addition, it became known about the repeated appeals of buyers to the theaters themselves. The victims complained about high prices or that they had not received a ticket that had already been paid for. 

Where are the accused now?

Andriy Khartanyuk and his mother were put on the international wanted list and arrested in absentia. In relation to Kurinov, a measure of restraint in the form of detention was chosen, Tagina and Charykova — undertaking not to leave.

A pre-trial agreement on cooperation was concluded with Gashakov, the investigation of the criminal case against him is at the final stage, the ICR reported.

The defendants’ real estate, cars and money accounts were seized in order to compensate them for the damage caused to the victims (theaters and defrauded customers). According to the TFR, civil suits have been filed in the amount of more than 130 million rubles. 

Currently, the sites through which illegal tickets were sold have been stopped, the TFR specified. 

What threatens the accused?

The criminal case was initiated under part 4 of article 159 (“Fraud”) and part 4 of article 180 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (“Illegal use of means of individualization of goods (works and services)»).

For fraud committed by an organized group of persons on an especially large scale, the accused face up to 10 years in prison. The maximum term for 4 paragraph 180 of the article — imprisonment for up to 6 years.

Sources:

sledcom.ru/news/item/1714527/

sledcom. en/press/smi/item/1652007/

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The trial against mercenaries in the DPR will begin on August 15

The Supreme Court of the Donetsk People's Republic confirmed that the trial against five foreign mercenaries who fought on the side of the Ukrainian army will begin on August 15. This was reported by Interfax.

The representative of the Supreme Court of the DPR said that the court session, which will consider the criminal case against mercenaries from the UK, Sweden and Croatia, will be held in  "closed from listeners".

Note that citizens of Sweden and Croatia – Mathias Gustavsson and Vekoslav Prebeg, as well as three Britons–  John Harding, Andrew Hill and Dylan Healy. Mercenaries were captured in Mariupol, including at the Azovstal metallurgical plant.

Recall, on August 2, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation recognized "Azov"*  organization. Its members can now be recruited as accomplices and members of a banned group. The maximum punishment is up to 20 years in prison.

In May, aif.ru conducted a survey among readers and found out that most of them (46%) consider it fair to appoint surrendered members of the Ukrainian national battalion “Azov”  capital punishment.

*Terrorist organization, banned in the Russian Federation.

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Let’s go for the record! More than 1.6 million tons of grain were harvested in the Samara region

The villagers of the Samara region now have a hot time — at the zenith of the battle for the harvest. According to the latest data, more than 1.6 million tons of grain were harvested from Samara fields. How the harvest is going was discussed at a meeting with Governor of the Samara Region Dmitry Azarov.

Grain to grain

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Samara Region, in 430,000 hectares of wheat have already been harvested in the region. As noted by Minister Nikolai Abashin, the average yield is more than 38 centners per hectare, and in a number of farms the harvest of winter crops — up to 90 centners! It is not surprising, since winter crops are one and a half times more productive than spring crops and have long established themselves as the basis for a stable harvest and food security.

By the way, among the municipal districts there are champions from the Koshkinsky and Bolshegluchitsky districts. Local farmers shipped more than one hundred thousand tons to granaries.

It can be said with confidence that the current year was successful for farmers.

Firstly, the area under crops is larger than in the past year: so the number of grain crops increased by 8 thousand hectares, and the total area under grain and legumes occupied more than 1 million hectares.

Secondly, the harvest is of high grain quality. This is the result of precise and professional application of agricultural methods and competent and timely fertilization.

Keep the pace

Dmitry Azarov instructed the ministry to control the harvesting campaign and reduce possible risks.

As the governor noted, in 2022 Samara farmers will almost 40 days later we finished the spring sowing campaign.

“According to farmers, the situation began to improve, taking into account changes in temperature and other conditions. What are you doing to reduce yield risks? — asked the head of the regional Ministry of Agriculture Dmitry Azarov.

As Minister Nikolai Abashin noted, due to the shift in deadlines, farmers use all the reserves of harvesting equipment to the maximum in order to quickly and efficiently collect grain. In addition, farmers have already sown 2.5 hectares of winter crops — the basis for the future harvest.

To strengthen food security, work is underway to create local zoned potato varieties. It is planned that this year the potato growers of the region will be offered 30 tons of high-quality seed potatoes of the first reproduction. Help AiF According to the regional Ministry of Agriculture, in the Samara region is harvesting spring wheat and other grains and legumes. The farmers also started harvesting vegetables and potatoes. The yield of early varieties of “second bread” was 280 kg/ha.

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Expert on Zaporozhye NPP: the most dangerous thing is getting into the reactor

Plot RF special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

Can can one or several power units of the Zaporozhye NPP be destroyed during hostilities? Tells Alexander Uvarov, head of the Atominfo Center, editor-in-chief of the Atominfo portal:

“It's pretty hard to do that. Around the reactors there are powerful concrete structures that still need to be broken through. If they are pierced, the tightness of the power unit will be broken and a small release of radiation will begin. Such damage can be repaired, even if with some risk. The reactor itself is located in the mine, it is theoretically possible to finish it off with a bomb, rocket or projectile, but in practice this is a poorly achievable task. Some of the reactor cooling systems may be damaged, but in this case they are all duplicated by other cooling systems. Damage to one of them is unpleasant, but most likely will not lead to a meltdown of nuclear fuel in the reactor core.

The power units themselves do not cause me much concern. Here, I must say, I am not alone, the same was recently said by the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency Rafael Marino Grossi— that at the moment there is no danger of a radiation catastrophe. Much more unpleasant than the other. We must not forget that on the territory of any nuclear power plant there are other buildings and structures, except for reactors, which can be dangerous. For example, a repository of radioactive waste, which any station produces in the course of its work. These include “dirty” overalls, spent filters, various types of liquid radioactive waste, etc. Such rooms are less protected than the reactor itself, but they can also cause trouble. Radioactive waste can pretty much pollute the station site, the nearby city of Energodar and the surrounding area.

Spent nuclear fuel storage facilities are more dangerous — spent nuclear fuel. All other nuclear power plants in Ukraine sent SNF for processing to Russia, and just at the Zaporizhzhya plant, an intermediate dry-type storage facility was created for it. Until 2020, according to published documents, 155 American-made containers with spent nuclear fuel were contained there, according to the latest — already 174. In each — 24 assemblies of spent fuel rods — fuel elements extracted from nuclear reactors. The containers have a cylindrical shape and rather thick concrete walls. The fuel elements inside the container are placed in a steel basket. That is, this is also protection, but it is weaker than that of the reactor. Ammunition — artillery projectile or missile warhead — can destroy this shell. Consequences — “from zero to infinity”. If you are lucky and a small number of containers are destroyed, the consequences will not be very serious. If many containers are damaged, a large release of radiation is possible. Not like in Chernobyl, but quite dangerous. This repository was built already in independent Ukraine and is definitely not designed to be hit by modern fire weapons.

I repeat: the main radioactivity at a nuclear power plant is concentrated inside the reactor, which is quite difficult to destroy. Although the strength of the reactor in practice is better not to check.

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Nuclear power plant is not a kettle. What is the danger of shutting down the Zaporizhzhya NPP?

Plot RF special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

Power lines, transformer substations and other auxiliary equipment, without which the Zaporozhye NPP cannot survive, may be exposed to fire.

What is the danger of disconnecting the Zaporizhzhya NPP from the energy system of Ukraine, told aif.ru head of the Atominfo Center, editor-in-chief of the Atominfo portal Alexander Uvarov.

&laquo ;Since March, when the ZNPP came under the control of the Russian army, Ukraine has claimed that the Russians want to switch the station to Russian electrical networks. So far, the station continues to operate in the Ukrainian network. This is nothing, the usual dispute between business entities.

Another question is what will happen if the Zaporozhye station is cut off from the network altogether. It's much more dangerous, but doable. Power lines, transformer substations and other auxiliary equipment can be exposed to fire, without which the station, however, cannot survive.

Now one and a half blocks out of six are working. In the event of a shutdown, the station will have to stop — there will be nowhere to put the products, that is, the generation of electricity. A nuclear power plant, unlike a kettle, always needs a certain amount of third-party energy for its needs. For example, it is consumed by reactor core cooling systems. If there is no such influx of electricity from the outside, it is necessary to switch to electricity from diesel generators. The Fukushima accident, for example, occurred because the diesel generators flooded, the core cooling stopped, and the last line of defense was surrendered.

At ZNPP, this has not yet come to this. The other day, the staff started one of the diesels after another “successful” hits. However, it is clear that the diesel generator — this is a temporary fix. First, it constantly requires fuel, and in combat conditions it is not always available. Secondly, even before the start of the special operation in Ukraine, there were scandals with the supply of spare parts for diesel generators. Diesels, of course, were Soviet-made, and were made on the territory of modern Russia. After 2014, Ukraine began their own “import substitution”, and they stopped buying our spare parts. The result is known — they began to put counterfeit parts on the generators, and no one checked how long they would work with them.

If you are unlucky and several diesel generators fail at the same time, the core may melt. In this case, we will have the same thing that happened in 1979 at the American nuclear power plant Three Mile Island — serious radiation pollution of the emergency power unit.

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Putin provided new benefits to border guards in areas of special operation

Russian border guards in the area of ​​the special operation received new benefits, and they also apply to those who have guarded the border in these areas since February 24, 2022s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/320xH/media/img/2/83/756603118389832.jpg 320w” media=”(max-width: 320px)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1010xH/media/img/2/83/756603118389832.webp 1010w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 640px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 640px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on new benefits for FSB officers who carry out border service in areas adjacent to the special operation zone in Ukraine. The document was published on the official Internet portal of legal information.

“To count the servicemen of the Federal Security Service, directly performing (performing) the tasks of protecting the state border of the Russian Federation in areas adjacent to the areas of the special military operation in the territories of the Donetsk People's Republic, the Lugansk People's Republic and Ukraine, in the length of service for the appointment of a pension on preferential terms : one day of fulfillment of tasks for the protection of the state border of the Russian Federation <…> in two days»,— the decree says.

In addition, the border guards who were injured in the zones adjacent to the areas of the special operation, a month of treatment in case of injury will be counted as two months of service.

The decree comes into force on the day of signing, but its effect also applies to those border guards who have served in these areas since the beginning of the special operation— from February 24, 2022.

The document amends the presidential decree signed on April 18 “On additional social guarantees for servicemen of the border agencies of the federal security service and members of their families.” Then the president ordered to appoint a payment in the amount of 5 million rubles. for families of FSB servicemen who died during a special operation.

The payment will be a one-time payment, and relatives of those border guards who died during the direct execution of “the tasks of protecting the state border in areas adjacent to the areas of the special military operation in the territories of the Donetsk People's Republic, the Luhansk People's Republic and Ukraine” will be able to receive it.< /p>

On the Border Guard Day, May 28, Putin congratulated the servicemen and said that they are clearly operating in the areas of the military operation and preventing any attempts of sabotage and provocations in the areas bordering Ukraine.

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“I will especially note the clear and courageous actions of the personnel of the Border Guard Service of Russia to suppress various kinds of provocations and attempts to carry out sabotage— First of all, we are talking about sections of our state border in the areas of the special military operation,— as well as the consistent work of the service to identify militants of neo-Nazi groups, your participation in organizing the passage of refugees, helping women, children, the elderly, everyone who is looking for salvation and protection in Russia, & mdash; said the head of state.

Putin added that he also expects from the border guards “an effective, professional solution to the whole range of other, extremely responsible tasks assigned to the border service, including in the ensuring the economic security of the country».

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