The Prosecutor General's Office lacks artificial intelligence
The Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation Igor Krasnov addressed the State Duma and answered questions from the deputies. According to him, the crime situation in the country has not changed significantly, and 12 criminal cases of torture in colonies are being investigated. Nobody remembered Memorial, which the authorities recognized as a foreign agent, and the Prosecutor General's Office considers it necessary to close down altogether. Apparently, the part of the population that is concerned about this issue is not represented in the State Duma.
The elections in 2021 demanded from the authorities at all levels and the prosecutor's office as a supervisory body “a significant concentration of forces”, but the fight against the pandemic requires even more efforts, the Prosecutor General admitted.
Russians still complain, trying to protect their rights: in 2020, the department received more than 5 million applications, for 9 months of this year – already 3.7 million. Of the long-standing social problems, Igor Krasnov named the problem of providing housing for orphans.
Since March 2021, this has been a headache for the Ministry of Construction, and the Prosecutor General's Office is asking deputies to quickly adopt a bill on issuing certificates to orphans for housing. Now the initiative is being approved by the government, so the request is not at the right place yet. Igor Krasnov considers it possible to solve the problem of defrauded equity holders by adopting a law on the issuance of certificates with an indexed nominal value.
Corruption has not gone anywhere either: this year prosecutors have filed more than 3,000 lawsuits with the courts to recover 52 billion rubles, of which 35 billion rubles worth of claims for turning into state revenue property acquired by officials with money, the legality of which they could not obtain prove. The Prosecutor General considers it very important to increase the effectiveness of anti-corruption expertise of adopted laws. For this purpose, according to him, now “a special program with elements of artificial intelligence is being tested.”
The topic of combating foreign interference, which has recently been fashionable in power, was hardly touched upon in the report. It only said that “the risks of penetration of representatives of terrorist organizations into the country have increased, and that measures are being taken together with the FSB to neutralize threats and” prevent influence from abroad “- for example, at the initiative of the Prosecutor General's Office in Russia, they were recognized as undesirable and banned 18 foreign and international organizations.
But later in his speech, the head of the Duma Committee on Security and Anti-Corruption Vasily Piskarev (“United Russia”) said: there is no doubt that the United States, with the support of its NATO allies, “will continue to interfere in our internal affairs,” 14 federal laws were adopted, “all of them are working successfully”, but it’s too early to relax and work on further improving legislation in this area “must continue to be carried out as a matter of priority.”
Among the 14 laws that Mr. Piskarev spoke about are those about “foreign agents” of different categories and the creation of such conditions for them to exist in Russia that it is easier to die than to live. Recently, the Prosecutor General's Office applied to the Supreme Court with a claim to liquidate the society and the human rights center “Memorial” (both organizations were recognized as foreign agents several years ago). But not a single deputy asked a question on this topic, and the Prosecutor General himself did not consider it worthy of mention.
But torture in Russian colonies has received attention. Mr. Krasnov admitted that “the penitentiary system continues to be in a fever”: in 9 months, prosecutors revealed more than 103 thousand violations of the law in colonies and pre-trial detention centers.
“What do you consider necessary to take so that such crimes do not recur ? ”- asked Yuri Afonin (KPRF). The Prosecutor General said that inspections are being carried out, criminal cases are being initiated – in particular, 12 criminal cases have been opened based on the video recordings of the cruel torture of prisoners in the Saratov Tuberculosis Hospital and “a number of persons have already been charged.”
He did not utter the very word “torture” – however, there is no such separate corpus delicti in the Russian Criminal Code. To combat such phenomena, Mr. Krasnov believes, it is necessary to strengthen prosecutorial supervision – and prosecutors will begin by checking “the targeted use of budget funds allocated for the development of the penitentiary system.”
Lankratova Yana (“SR”), concerned about the abundance of dangerous content on the Internet, said that blocking individual sites would not solve the problem, and asked what else could be done. Mr. Krasnov said that Rosmolodezh, on the initiative of the prosecutor's office, had already developed criteria for evaluating materials for classifying them as prohibited – so that decisions on blocking could be made promptly out of court.
The Prosecutor General advised to involve “narrow specialists” in this area, to intensify the work of operational agencies and communicate with foreign colleagues, because “crimes on the Internet are now of a cross-border nature.” “The battle is won by the one who firmly decided to win it,” he quoted Leo Tolstoy as saying …
Ksenia Goryacheva (New People) recalled: “The Supreme Court said that people should be placed in custody pending trial only if it is impossible to choose a milder measure of restraint, but we increasingly often have a different practice on economic crimes.” p>
The prosecutor's office, according to Mr. Krasnov, believes that all the necessary guarantees to the business community have already been laid down in the explanations of the Armed Forces and the Criminal Procedure Code, “and such a measure of restraint is chosen only in exceptional cases.” As evidence of this, he considers the fact that in the first half of 2021 “out of 143 requests by investigators to detain entrepreneurs, that is, under economic articles, every eighth was not supported in court by the prosecutor.”
Between by the way, to the rector of the Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences Sergei Zuev, not a businessman whom the investigators are accused of committing an economic crime, it was the prosecutor who asked to replace house arrest with detention …
But the State Duma did not talk about this story either .