From shooting to entering the EU market: how Pridnestrovie appeared and lives

In September 1990, the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic was proclaimed on a part of the Moldavian SSR. Why she decided to separate and what she came to for more than 30 years of independence – in the RBC video

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The Foreign Ministry saw the “development of the CIS space” in the status of an EU candidate for Kyiv

The EU is acting without taking into account the negative consequences, Zakharova believes. In her opinion, this confirms that the European Union is trying to “contain Russia.” At the same time, Peskov and Lavrov did not see a threat to Moscow

Brussels' decision to grant Ukraine and Moldova the status of candidates for EU membership was made out of the interests of the political situation, and not on the basis of strict criteria in the field of the rule of law, the fight against corruption and economic development, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said. Her comment was published on the ministry's website.

“The European Union, in fact, confirmed that it continues the line of active geopolitical development of the CIS space, its use for the purpose of” containment ” Russia. Moreover, all means are used— from financial and economic leverage to military support”, — she wrote.

Ukraine withdrew from the CIS in March 2014, four years later, participation in the work of the statutory bodies of the Commonwealth was terminated. Moldova remains a member of the CIS, the authorities of the republic stated that the country's membership in the association depends on progress in European integration.

According to Zakharova, the EU authorities do not take into account the negative consequences of such a decision, and the situation is similar to the NATO summit in Bucharest in 2008, when the alliance countries announced that Ukraine and Georgia would become members of the bloc. The representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry is sure that European democratic ideals and the future of a united Europe are being sacrificed to the “unrestrained expansion of the EU”, as well as to the “enslavement” of neighboring states politically and economically.

“Economic and creative in this integration association, created in order to prevent wars in Europe, there is very little left. EU 'invests' even more in continuation of hostilities in Ukraine»,— emphasized Zakharova.

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This is how Zakharova commented on the decision of the European Union to grant Ukraine and Moldova the status of candidate members, which was announced on June 23 by the head of the European Council, Charles Michel. On the eve of this decision was approved by the majority of deputies of the European Parliament: 529 votes “for”, 45 “against” and 14 abstained. Michel emphasized: “Historic moment. Today marks a decisive step on your path to the EU.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky called this decision a victory that the country had been waiting for 30 years. “This is the biggest step towards the strengthening of Europe that could be done right now,” — he added. His Moldovan colleague Maia Sandu noted that the EU thus expressed “an unambiguous and strong signal of support for the citizens of Moldova and the European future of the country.”

Russian officials previously assessed the prospect of Ukraine receiving this status in different ways. In mid-May, Kyiv's commitment to this path raised “serious doubts” in Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. He explained: this attitude is dictated by the fact that “the European Union has turned from a constructive economic platform, as which it was created, into an aggressive militant player.” At the same time, at the end of June, the minister noted that the European Union is not a military bloc, and therefore this decision does not pose any threats or risks to Russia.

“These are internal European affairs. It is very important for us that all these processes do not bring more problems to us <…>, these problems are already enough»,— considered the representative of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov after the publication of the decision of the European Union.

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Sandu hoped for Moldova’s accession to the EU together with Pridnestrovie

The people of Transnistria are interested in European integration together with Moldova because of the economic advantages, the differences should be resolved before joining the organization, Sandu said. In Tiraspol, the goal was rapprochement with Russia Moldova's accession to the EU together with Pridnestrovie” />

Maia Sandu

Moldova should become a member of the European Union together with Pridnestrovie, the conflict with the unrecognized republic should be resolved before joining the union, Moldovan President Maia Sandu said on the Prime TV channel.< /p>

“I think this perspective can make the process of finding a solution to the conflict easier, because our citizens on the other side also want wages, jobs, rights protection,” tagged Sandu.

At the same time, the President of Moldova expressed confidence that the Transnistrian conflict would not hinder the country on the path to European integration. A similar opinion was expressed on Moldova 1 by the speaker of the Moldovan parliament, Igor Grosu. He said: “Even the so-called leadership of the Transnistrian region has seen how important it is to cooperate with the EU. Perhaps they are still far from European values, but in economic terms, they are well aware of what economic advantages the EU provides.

He called the statements of the Transnistrian authorities about the unwillingness of European integration on the part of the inhabitants of the region, he called “nonsense, which they from time to time carry» at the insistence of Moscow.

According to Sandu, the inhabitants of Transnistria will support Moldova's aspirations to join the European Union, she stated this at the end of June in an interview with RFI. “I am sure that they want, like those on the right bank, to live in a country where there are enough economic opportunities for people, in a country where their rights are respected, where the state is strong enough to provide quality services, to ensure security.” .

At the same time, the Transnistrian authorities questioned Sandu's assessment of the mood of the inhabitants of the region. Foreign Minister Vitaly Ignatiev said on the TV channel “Russia 24” that there is a “tradition of referendums” in the republic; and the vector of the region's development involves gaining independence and rapprochement with Russia. The Minister argued that the inhabitants of Moldova and Transnistria have “different identities”, which makes it almost impossible to unite them.

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“The leadership of Moldova must admit that if they have made their choice without asking the inhabitants of Transnistria, then they need to sit down at the negotiating table and sign a peace agreement with us, mutually recognize each other and close this conflict,” — stressed Ignatiev (quote from NewsMaker).

The decision to grant Moldova the status of a candidate member of the EU was announced by the head of the European Council Charles Michel on June 23, together with Chisinau, Kyiv also received it. The day before, the granting of the status was approved by MEPs, the initiative was supported by 529 people, 45 refused to do so, 14 abstained. Michel called the results of the vote a “historic moment”. more importantly, it gives hope. We— a small country that would be safer in the EU family, — Sandu said at a press conference, broadcast by Digi24. President warns Moldovans face 'long and hard work' on the way to the European Union, but in Chisinau they are ready for “any political costs”.

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Zelensky compared Ukraine’s obtaining EU status with conquering Everest

Ukraine has earned the status of a candidate member of the European Union, it “did not fall from the sky,” Zelensky is sure. Having traveled a significant part of the path to the organization, one should rejoice instead of discussing future difficulties, he suggested. Ukraine's status as a candidate for membership in the European Union, this devalues ​​success, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said in his address. Video posted on his Telegram channel.

“Imagine that we are conquering Everest. We reached the penultimate point, did not look around, did not even take a breath and we are talking about the further way to the top, how difficult it will be to overcome the last 1848m. In an instant, we forgot and devalued our own success. Or maybe first we remember that we have overcome 7 thousand meters? proposed by Zelensky.

The President of Ukraine added that since early morning, the Internet, radio and television have been discussing the conditions that Ukraine will have to fulfill in order to join the European Union, noting that they will be difficult and take several years. He called: “Let’s rejoice at least a little, quietly, modestly, in our souls, but rejoice for ourselves, our state. Let's feel the moment and the taste of this moment. Zelensky stressed that the status of a candidate “did not fall from the sky” for Ukraine.

On June 23, the majority of the deputies of the European Parliament adopted a resolution on the early granting of the status of a candidate member of the EU to Ukraine and Moldova by an overwhelming majority, “for” 529 parliamentarians spoke out, «against»— 45, another 14 abstained. The head of the European Council, Charles Michel, announced the decision, calling it “historic”.

Zelensky then pointed out that Ukraine had been waiting for this decision for about 30 years since independence. He noted that thanks to this, the European Union made “the biggest step» to your gain.

At the same time, Russian officials differed in their assessment of the EU decision. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov spoke in May about “serious doubts” over the prospect of Ukraine becoming a candidate, stating that the organization “has turned from a constructive economic platform as which it was created into an aggressive militant player.” Months later, at the end of June, the minister said that the European Union is not a military bloc, and therefore there are no risks and threats for Russia. Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov also considered that the EU decision on Ukraine is an “internal European affair”.

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Political scientist explains why Georgia did not receive EU candidate status

This is due to the lack of intersections with Russia

The EU Heads of State Summit expressed its readiness to grant Georgia the status of a candidate for joining the EU if the country fulfills a number of conditions. Political scientist Alexander Asafov believes that the reasons for the refusal to grant this status to Georgia are exclusively political in nature, since Ukraine and Moldova received it.

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In an interview with NEWS.ru, Asafov said that Georgia does not have any contours of intersection with Russian or pro-Russian interests, so the country will “wait”. According to the political scientist, everything else is a symbolic gesture, as it was said at the summit of the EU leaders. The expert added that Georgia will not be granted the status of an EU candidate country, even if it imposes sanctions against the Russian Federation.

However, Asafov predicted that it is very likely that Moldova will impose anti-Russian sanctions, as the speaker of the Moldovan parliament had previously spoken about Igor Grosu. According to the political scientist, this scenario is “absolutely probable”, and now they will look at what will cause more damage to Russia than to Moldova, and if the European Union is able to compensate for this damage, then sanctions will be introduced.

Expert considers this position quite obvious and does not see anything surprising in it. However, as Asafov noted, the question is what measures can have a serious impact on the economy and trade, which is now “not very positive.”

Read also:Political scientist told why the EU is going to expel Ukrainian men

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Albanian PM calls EU enlargement process a ‘scam’

Edie Rama

EU enlargement procedure is “fraudulent” process, as 26 countries failed to overcome Bulgaria's veto to start accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia. This was stated by Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama at a press conference during a meeting of the leaders of the EU countries and the states of the Western Balkans.

“The 26 EU countries showed complete impotence, they were unable to overcome the Bulgarian veto. EU expansion— this is a completely scam process. As soon as something happens in the candidate countries, everything goes into a new circle again. I feel sadness and disappointment in the European Union. There is something very wrong in this house,»,— said Rama.

During the press conference, Rama also cited the example of North Macedonia, which had to change its name in order to join the EU (previously it was the Republic of Macedonia). “Imagine if France had to change its name?” he complained.

At the same time, other EU countries are calling for preparations for expansion. This, in particular, was stated by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz. He said that with the granting of the status of candidates to Ukraine and Moldova, the expansion of the EU— it's just a matter of time.

“We need to create the conditions that Ukraine needs so that it can continue its promising path forward, and at the same time we need to understand that we must be ready for expansion,” — Reuters reports his words.

Scholz also said that for the union to work, decisions must be made by a majority of votes, not unanimously.

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Zelensky called the status of an EU candidate “a victory that has been awaited for 30 years”

The President also called the EU decision one of the most important since the independence of Ukraine. Ursula von der Leyen said that granting Ukraine the status of an EU candidate country would strengthen both the state and the European Union

Countries will be able to join the EU only if the union is ready to expand

EU says Candidate countries may consider joining if enlarged The progress of any country aspiring to the EU will depend on the organization's ability to accept new members, the EU noted

Any chance of joining countries into the European Union will depend on the ability of the organization to accept new members, follows from the final statement of the Council of Europe on Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.

“The progress of each country towards the European Union will depend only on its individual merit in meeting the Copenhagen criteria and the EU's ability to admit new members,” decided by European politicians.

Ukraine applied for EU membership after the outbreak of hostilities by Russia on 24 February. Moldova and Georgia followed suit in early March.

On June 17, the European Commission recommended granting Ukraine and Moldova the status of countries— candidates for EU membership. At the same time, the organization demanded from the authorities to strengthen the fight against corruption and oligarchs, to reform legislation regarding minorities.

Five days later, the deputies of the European Parliament voted for a resolution to grant Ukraine and Moldova the status of candidates as soon as possible. They called for promptly granting this status to Georgia, but first the country must carry out the necessary reforms. At the EU summit in Brussels, it decided to grant the status of candidates to Ukraine and Moldova, and designate Georgia as a country with a European perspective.

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At the same time as the summit in Brussels, the EU and the Western Balkans summit was held. The European Union expressed its commitment to the EU membership prospects for the region and called for speeding up the accession process. At the same time, the organization pointed out that Serbia should achieve normalization of relations with the unrecognized Kosovo, and Bosnia and Herzegovina— complete the constitutional and electoral reform.

Politicians could not agree to launch EU accession negotiations with either North Macedonia (EU candidate status since 2005) or Albania (since 2014).

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Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama called the EU enlargement procedure “fraudulent” process, as 26 countries failed to lift Bulgaria's veto on the start of accession negotiations for Albania and North Macedonia.

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Hungary urges EU not to impose more sanctions against Russia

An adviser to the Hungarian prime minister called for a halt to the imposition of sanctions, warning that the EU could “find itself on the losing side” due to economic difficulties Prime Minister Balazs Orban. The agency clarifies that he is not related to the head of the Hungarian government, Viktor Orban.

“In the end, Europe will be on the side of the losers in this war due to economic problems. We recommended stopping the sanctions process,— noted Balazs Orban.

He stressed that with the increase in the number of sanctions, the European economy is suffering more and more. At the same time, Russia, despite the fact that this also causes damage to it, “survives”, the politician noted.

According to him, the European Union followed the tactics of sanctions pressure for four months, having achieved some success, but the continuation will result in even greater damage to Europe itself. “So we need to think about something. Negotiations, ceasefire, peace. Diplomacy. This is our solution, — concluded Orban.

The fact that anti-Russian sanctions are effective only on paper was argued in mid-May by Prime Minister Viktor Orban. “It’s possible on paper, and many ‘paper’ politicians put forward some theoretical evidence, but no matter how hard I try to remember, a continental blockade that would be effective does not come to mind. However, I have seen those who introduced it fail, — he said, recalling that the sanctions had already caused the financial crisis.

Hungary did not, along with the rest of the EU countries, impose sanctions against Russia, in particular, it did not agree to an energy embargo. As a result, a partial ban on the import of Russian oil was nevertheless included in the sixth package of EU sanctions, however, deliveries via the Druzhba oil pipeline, which Budapest insisted on, were excluded from it.

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According to Reuters, the EU is now discussing the seventh package of restrictions against Russia, and is considering opportunity to include gold in it. At the same time, it is not clear whether this will imply a ban on exports to or imports from Russia.

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Tbilisi announced the request of Kyiv not to give Georgia the status of an EU candidate

The European Commission recommended granting candidate status for EU accession to Ukraine and Moldova, but not to Georgia .jpg” alt=”Tbilisi announced Kyiv's request not to give Georgia the status of an EU candidate” />

Irakli Garibashvili

Head of the Servant of the People faction in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine David Arakhamia and the parliamentary opposition of Georgia in the person of the “United National Movement” asked Brussels not to give Georgia the status of a candidate member of the EU, said Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili.

“Together with you, dear opponents, persistently demanded that Georgia not receive the status of a candidate, the representative of the Ukrainian authorities, Mr. is your friend. Europe was practically given an ultimatum: if Georgia gets the status of a candidate, we will be very disappointed,— Newsgeorgia portal quotes Garibashvili.

He also called opposition MP Salome Samadashvili (Lelo for Georgia) a “traitor to the motherland”, saying that she went to Brussels and asked that Georgia not be granted EU candidate status.

“United National Movement” (END)— the ruling party during the presidency of Mikheil Saakashvili. Salome Samadashvili was formerly a member, but in February 2022 she moved to the Lelo party, which advocates a multi-party system in the Georgian parliament, dominated by the UNM and the current ruling Georgian Dream.

As noted by Newsgeorgia , during the Saakashvili years, Samadashvili was the ambassador to the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg, and also headed the Georgian mission to the EU. Representatives of the country's ruling party have said that it is using its connections in Brussels to damage the reputation of the Georgian Dream government.

On June 17, the European Commission recommended granting Ukraine the status of a candidate for EU membership. The head of the commission, Ursula von der Leyen, said Kyiv had shown “a desire and determination to live up to European values ​​and standards.” At the same time, the EC noted, Ukraine needs to continue the reform of the judiciary, the fight against corruption and the influence of oligarchs, as well as bringing the legislation in line with the European one.

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Moldova also received a positive recommendation from the European Commission, and it was decided not to give it to Georgia until a number of conditions were met. Georgian authorities said that Tbilisi deserved the status of a 30-year “struggle for democracy”; and the reforms implemented by the government over the past nine years.

The final decision on granting the status of candidates for EU accession to Ukraine and Moldova should be taken by European leaders at the summit on June 23–24.

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Biden said the US and EU knew about the consequences of restrictions on oil

According to the American president, Western countries have cut off Russian oil in response to Moscow's actions in Ukraine, knowing that this will lead to higher fuel prices. But they had no choice

Joe Biden

The US and the EU understood that due to restrictions on Russian oil, they would face higher fuel prices, said US President Joe Biden.

p>

«Russia— one of the world's largest oil producers. We have cut off the supply of Russian oil to the US, and our European partners have done the same, knowing that we will face an increase in gasoline prices,— Biden said.

He noted that one could “close one's eyes” on Russia's actions in Ukraine, but, in his opinion, it would be “wrong.” “I thought so then and I think so now. The free world had no choice, — convinced the American leader.

Biden called for the abolition of the fuel tax for three months, although he acknowledged that this measure would not solve the problem with rising prices, but would ease the burden on families. Authorities levy a tax of 18 cents per gallon (3.78 liters) of gasoline and 24 cents per gallon of diesel fuel.

In early June, the price of gasoline at gas stations in the US hit a new all-time high, exceeding $5 per gallon. Now fuel costs an average of about $ 5. The American leader has repeatedly called the rise in prices for fuel and products “Putin's”, as well as a “by-product” aid to Ukraine. “It will cost the Western countries dearly. This will cost NATO dearly. It will cost dearly to European countries and dearly to us, & mdash; he declared.

The United States refused to import Russian oil in early March. The European Union included a partial embargo on Russian raw materials in the sixth package of sanctions in early June. The ban affected maritime supplies. Russian authorities consider Western sanctions illegal.

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Biden saw the risk of a “play of waiting” between the EU and Russia over Ukraine

Biden said he was not afraid of a “turnaround” in the West's position towards Ukraine, but admitted that the conflict would lead to a “waiting game” between the EU and Russia, when the parties would check “what they would be willing to endure”

< img class="aligncenter" src="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/8/22/756558455524228.jpg" alt="Biden saw the risk of a 'wait and see' game between the EU and Russia from -for Ukraine" />

Joe Biden

The conflict in Ukraine may at some point lead to a “game of waiting” between Russia and the European Union— when both sides will test “what the Russians can take and what Europe will be ready to take”. This was stated at a briefing at the White House by US President Joe Biden.

So he answered the journalist's question about whether Biden was not afraid of the emergence of a “breakthrough”; in the position of the West in relation to the situation in Ukraine. She recalled that some leaders allow the appearance of “Ukraine fatigue”, and some call for negotiations with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Biden answered this question in the negative, but said that the topic would be discussed at the NATO summit, which will be held in Madrid on June 28-30.

On the danger of “fatigue” appearing in the world British Prime Minister Boris Johnson spoke about the situation in Ukraine as the hostilities dragged on. Against this background, it is important to continue to support Kyiv, and London intends to do this, he promised following the results of his second visit to the Ukrainian capital since the beginning of the Russian military operation. Johnson also urged London and the Western Allies to be prepared for a protracted conflict. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, for his part, noted that no one knows how long the hostilities will last, but the alliance should be ready to provide assistance to Kyiv if they drag on.

French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz also visited Kyiv last week. The latter said it was “absolutely necessary” to negotiate with Putin and he, like Macron, would continue them (the French president previously said he had “hundred hours” of talks with Putin since December 2021; he became the most frequent interlocutor Russian President since the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine).

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On June 21, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said in an interview with MSNBC that the crisis in Ukraine would be long. At the end of May, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that Russia was slowing down the offensive in the country, but this was being done deliberately, “to avoid civilian casualties.” Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev, in turn, pointed out that the Russian side “is not chasing deadlines”; conducting a military operation.

President Vladimir Putin, speaking last week at the SPIEF, once again stated that all the tasks of the military operation would be solved. In February, he justified its beginning with the desire to carry out “demilitarization and denazification”; neighboring country, as well as to protect the inhabitants of Donbass from the policy of “genocide”, which, according to Putin, was carried out by the Ukrainian authorities.

Since the end of February, the European Union has introduced six packages of sanctions against Russia. In late May, Putin, speaking about situation with restrictions, acknowledged that “everything is not easy”, but assured that the Russian economy is “very worthy” withstands tests, as evidenced by “all the main macroeconomic indicators”.

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FP: Scholz and Macron will lose leadership in the EU

Photo: pixabay.com

Analyst Eoin Drea, in an interview with Foreign Policy, said that the desire of German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and French President Emmanuel Macron to establish partnerships with Russia is likely to increase the role of countries located in Eastern Europe in the European Union. At the same time, Poland will take the lead.

According to the author of the article, at the moment, the eastern members of the EU began to show distrust because of the position of Berlin and Paris. Poland took the lead in supporting Ukraine.

“Germany and France do not promptly supply weapons to Ukraine. The futile attempts by the leaders of these two countries to negotiate with Putin and the long hesitation about whether they want Ukraine to win prove that they want to return to partnership with the Russian Federation,” Drea said.

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Two more EU countries introduced the first level of emergency warning regime for gas

Denmark and the Netherlands introduced the first level of the emergency warning regime for gas The same mode was introduced in Denmark, Germany and Austria

Denmark and the Netherlands have introduced the first level of emergency warning regime in gas supply due to possible interruptions in supplies from Russia, this measure was announced as a signal to the participants market due to the threat of a supply crisis.

The Dutch authorities decided to remove restrictions on the operation of coal-fired power plants for the production of electricity without the use of gas (previously they operated at 35% of capacity), reduce gas consumption and reach the production of 2.8 billion cubic meters by the end of 2023. mg at the Groningen gas field per year. In Amsterdam, they expect that increasing the load on coal plants will save 2 billion cubic meters. MGAZ annually, writes Reuters, now 15% of the kingdom's gas needs come from Russia.

Dutch Energy Minister Rob Jetten expressed confidence that, despite the use of coal plants, the kingdom can still achieve climate goals by 2030.

The Danish Energy Agency, in turn, pointed to the threat of a significant deterioration in the gas supply situation, calling the current state of affairs “serious”. “Early warning means that a situation with a significant deterioration in the gas supply situation may arise. This is a signal to the gas market players to prepare for a real supply crisis,— The report says.

The agency announced that it had prepared an action plan for the winter period, which provides for the use of emergency gas supplies and the complete or partial cessation of gas supplies to the country's largest gas consuming companies for a limited period.

“We are closely following the development of gas markets. We are still getting gas and we have consumer safety plans in place,” — Martin Hansen, deputy head of the agency, assured, noting that Denmark has a large number of sources of “green energy”.

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The agency clarified that Danish storage facilities are now 75% full, and gas continues to flow into them. According to EU regulations, this figure should reach 80% by November 1. Following the commissioning of the Tyra gas production platform in the North Sea next year, the country will be able to export gas itself, until then fuel imports are possible through the new Baltic Pipe pipeline, which is scheduled to be launched in Norway at the end of 2022.

Gas production platform Tyra— largest in Denmark. It was closed in September 2019 for reconstruction due to subsidence of the seabed. Initially, it was planned to continue gas production in July 2022, later, due to problems in logistics during the spread of the coronavirus, the deadlines were postponed to June 2023.

At the end of March, the first level of emergency warning for gas was introduced by the authorities of Germany and Austria. The report of the Austrian anti-crisis cabinet of the government indicated that the reason was the statements of the Russian authorities, in which deliveries were allowed only when paid in rubles. “As a consequence of the activation of the early warning, the surveillance and monitoring system that has been in place for several weeks will be immediately strengthened,” was said in a message from Vienna.

German Vice Chancellor Robert Habeck said that “the crisis team is reviewing the supply situation so that additional measures can be taken if necessary to improve supply security.” In early June, he reported on the “bitter” decision to increase the load on coal stations in order to fill gas storage facilities by 80% by October. “I don't know if anything would be a big taboo violation,” — Khabek emphasized, noting that he was forced to “stay away from the party program”; to meet gas needs. The German Vice Chancellor sits on the party council of the environmentally active Greens Party.

Italian authorities are considering declaring a heightened state of alert next week, two government sources told Reuters on June 17. circles of the country. This phase includes a series of incentives to reduce gas consumption, rationing its use to a number of industrial users, increasing production from coal-fired power plants and asking other suppliers to increase supplies.

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Borrell says a number of banks are “going too far” in implementing EU sanctions

Some banks are “going too far” by refusing to participate in trade with Russia. The European Commission reminds them of the opportunity to service deals with Russian food and fertilizers, stressed Borrell

Josep Borrell

Some banks are “going too far” in enforcing EU anti-Russian sanctions, they will be reminded of the opportunity to serve transactions with Russian grain and fertilizers. This was stated by the head of European diplomacy Josep Borrell at a press conference following the meeting of the EU Council.

“We send letters to all financial and economic structures with explanations of what they can do. But of course, I can't help but point out that some financial institutions <…> independently made the decision not to engage in trade [with Russia]. It's called “going too far,” — he said.

Borrell noted that he sends the necessary information to banks, insurance and transport companies, reminding that EU sanctions do not prohibit them from trading food and fertilizers with Russia.

Earlier on June 20, Borrell reminded that everyone who wants to buy food and fertilizers from Russia can do it freely. He stressed that these goods are not under sanctions.

The head of European diplomacy stressed that food prices in the world are growing precisely because of Russia's military actions in Ukraine, and not because for European sanctions. He warned of “the risk of a great famine”; and urged Moscow to unblock Ukrainian ports for the export of grain.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, in turn, blamed the EU and the United States for possible famine in poor countries.

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He pointed out that Russia is ready to increase the volume of grain supplies next season to 50 million tons and send it to those countries where there is a risk of an increase in the number of hungry people.

Moscow has also repeatedly stressed that they do not interfere with the export of grain from Ukraine, adding that for this Kyiv must clear the approaches to the ports. There are about 20 million tons of grain there.

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Russia’s permanent representative to the EU doubted the introduction of the seventh package of sanctions

According to Chizhov, Europeans are already seeing the consequences of anti-Russian sanctions, which are expressed in rising inflation and other economic problems. Therefore, according to him, it is premature to talk about the seventh sanctions package. =”Russian Permanent Representative to the EU questioned the introduction of the seventh package of sanctions” />

Russian Permanent Representative to the EU Vladimir Chizhov

It is at least premature to talk about the seventh package of anti-Russian sanctions from the European Union. About this in an interview with Izvestia said Russia's Permanent Representative to the EU Vladimir Chizhov.

“As for the sanctions against Russia, they literally fired the first few packages. Fifth— already with some difficulty <…> When accepting the sixth package, they tried to touch the topic of the oil embargo— turned out with a fairly noticeable withdrawal. Now everyone, including your colleagues, is starting to talk about the seventh package. Well, at least it's premature,” — said the permanent representative.

According to him, already “even the blind sees” what economic problems Europe faced after the introduction of anti-Russian sanctions. “The situation is quite serious. Inflation in the Eurozone reached 8.1%. This has not happened since the creation of the euro area, — Chizhov emphasized.

He also said that despite what is happening, the normalization of relations with the European Union is still possible. “Not all bridges are burned. But the majority. Let's see what will happen next. In any case, there will be no return to business as usual, this cannot be. We understand it, and they understand it. This means that it will be a new system of relationships that has yet to be created, — concluded the diplomat.

After the start of the military operation in Ukraine, many countries began to impose or tighten sanctions against Russia. Hundreds of Russian companies, banks, carriers, as well as individuals: officials, parliamentarians, public figures, representatives of the media and culture were subject to restrictions. The EU, the US and the UK have imposed sanctions against the country's top leadership, including against Vladimir Putin, foreign and defense ministers Sergei Lavrov and Sergei Shoigu.

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In early June, the European Union approved the sixth package of sanctions against Russia. It included, among other things, a partial embargo on the supply of Russian oil, which the EU countries could not agree on for about a month. Sanctions also included the National Settlement Depository (NSD), through which the Ministry of Finance services debts.

President Vladimir Putin has previously warned the EU countries about the “intractable consequences” with continued sanctions pressure. In mid-June, he said that the losses of the EU economy due to anti-Russian sanctions could exceed $400 billion.

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Bloomberg learned about the EU’s readiness to grant Ukraine candidate status

According to the agency, the European Union will announce the granting of candidate status to Ukraine at the summit of EU leaders on June 23-24

All participants in the Council of the European Union (EU) meeting in Luxembourg supported the decision to officially grant Ukraine the status of a candidate to join the union , according to Bloomberg, citing people familiar with it.

According to the agency, this step will be carried out this week, at the EU leaders' summit on June 23-24. In addition, the countries are also ready to give candidate status to Moldova, as well as Georgia, however, subject to additional conditions.

Bloomberg interlocutors also reported that Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban asked to give candidate status to Bosnia and Herzegovina, but other EU members considered the sentence is “problematic”.

On June 17, the EC recommended granting Ukraine the status of a candidate for the European Union. As the head of the European Commission (EC), Ursula von der Leyen, noted, the country “clearly showed the desire and determination to comply with European values ​​​​and standards.” The chair of the commission pointed out that Kyiv has passed tough laws against oligarchs and implemented 70% of the EU recommendations on reforms in relation to minorities.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky thanked the European Commission for the recommendation, pointing out that this is “the first step towards membership in the EU”, which will bring “victory” closer Kyiv.

As follows from the conclusion of the EC, Ukraine will have to continue strengthening the fight against top-level corruption and oligarchs, as well as reforming legislation regarding minorities. In addition, Kyiv will need to adopt laws on the procedure for selecting judges of the Constitutional Court and complete the selection of candidates for the creation of the High Qualifications Commission of Judges. If these conditions are not met, the candidate's status may be revoked.

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Ukraine applied for EU membership a few days after the start of the Russian military operation. The authorities of the country have repeatedly called for granting it membership under an accelerated procedure, but this decision was disputed by some members of the association, in particular the Netherlands.

The final decision on the issue of Ukraine, the leaders of the EU countries will take on June 23 & ndash; 24 June at a summit in Brussels, positively all 27 Member States must speak.

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Lithuanian Foreign Ministry explained the restriction of transit by compliance with EU sanctions

In Russia, the restriction of the transit of goods to the Kaliningrad region was called an attempt to blockade, and in Lithuania they referred to EU sanctions

Lithuania complies with the EU sanctions against Russia and has not introduced any unilateral or additional restrictions on the transit of goods through its territory, reported in The Ministry of Foreign Affairs following the meeting with the Charge d'Affaires of Russia Sergei Ryabokon.

“Lithuania has not imposed any unilateral, individual or additional restrictions on this transit. Lithuania consistently applies EU sanctions, which have different transitional periods and deadlines,— The Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement.

They also noted that the transit of goods that were not subject to EU sanctions continues.

The European Commission needs to amend the sanctions against Russia in order to resolve the issue of Lithuanian restrictions on the transit of goods to the Kaliningrad region from the rest of Russia, said the head of the region Anton Alikhanov.

“To resolve the issue of transit through Lithuania, the European Commission will only need to amend the EU sanctions packages,” — Alikhanov is quoted by RIA Novosti.

Earlier, Lithuania announced a ban from June 18 on the transit of sanctioned goods between the Kaliningrad region and the rest of Russia through its territory. As Alikhanov reported, the restrictions apply to building materials, cement, metals and other products. He called this decision a violation of the international obligations of Lithuania and the EU to ensure the free transit of goods.

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The Russian Foreign Ministry protested Vilnius' actions and demanded an immediate lifting of restrictions. In Lithuania, they said that the decision was made after consultations with the European Commission and in accordance with its directives. In the spring, the EU introduced several packages of sanctions against Russia, including steel, iron, timber, cement, coal and other goods.

The Kremlin called the restriction of transit an unprecedented and illegal step. Andrey Klishas, ​​head of the Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Legislation, considered Lithuania's decision an “attempt to blockade” Kaliningrad region, and also stated that it could become the basis for retaliatory “hard” and “absolutely legal” action by Russia.

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Scholz proposed to simplify the rules for joining the EU

The German chancellor is going to raise the issue at the EU summit on June 23-24 – at it, the leaders of the EU countries should consider granting Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia the status of candidates

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz proposed to simplify the process of new countries' accession to the EU . He stated this to the DPA.

To do this, Brussels must “modernize its structures and decision-making processes,” he believes.

Scholz intends to raise the issue at the EU summit 23–24 June. At the same meeting, EU leaders should consider granting candidate status to Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.

Now countries applying for EU membership can obtain this status only with the unanimous decision of all member states. However, the Chancellor calls into question the principle of unanimity.

Scholz urged Brussels to decide on the status for Ukraine in the “spirit of unity”. He noted that the process will be complex: each candidate country wishing to become part of the European Union must fulfill “many requirements”.

The chancellor also hopes that the summit will give an impetus to the Balkan states that are waiting to join the EU. “We have to show the countries of the Western Balkans that we are serious. Albania and North Macedonia meet all the requirements for starting concrete negotiations on EU accession,— he stressed, adding that these negotiations “should start now.”

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Ukraine and Moldova should also carry out reforms. At the same time, the European Commission admitted that “Ukrainians are ready to die for the European perspective.” Among the conditions that Kyiv must fulfill, & mdash; strengthening the fight against top-level corruption and oligarchs, as well as reforming legislation regarding minorities.

Earlier, Prime Minister of Georgia Irakli Garibashvili said that his country deserved the candidate status more than Ukraine and Moldova, because

“for ten goals” ahead of Kyiv and Chisinau and even “some EU countries”. “If status is defined by war, we don't want war. We demand a well-deserved status, — Garibashvili emphasized.

The current candidates are Turkey (1999), North Macedonia (2005), Serbia (2012), Montenegro (2012) and Albania (2014). Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky said that Ukraine, Albania, Montenegro and North Macedonia are not rivals and should become full members of the EU.

The Kremlin, speaking about the possible accession of Ukraine to the EU, said that this issue still outside the military-political plane, but “requires increased attention” because of the “intensification of discussions in Europe on the subject of strengthening the defense component of the EU.” Russia has never been against Ukraine's membership in the European Union, but only objects to the “military development” of neighboring country, President Vladimir Putin said in turn.

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Medvedev compared EU promises to Ukraine with building communism

The date of Ukraine's accession to the EU has not been named, but many “unverifiable abstract conditions” have been put forward to Kyiv, said Dmitry Medvedev, Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council

Fulfilling the conditions for Ukraine's accession to the European Union will take decades, but by then the EU may to comprehend the fate of the USSR, which collapsed without building communism, wrote Dmitry Medvedev, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of Russia, in his Telegram channel.

He recalled the CPSU program adopted in 1961, in which citizens were promised life under communism, but this never happened: the USSR collapsed, and the Communist Party was liquidated.

“The situation associated with the onset of world happiness in the Union, reminds me of the incantations made by the European Commission regarding the candidacy for Ukraine,— wrote Medvedev.

He compared the EU promises to the building of communism, since the date of Ukraine's accession has not been named, but many “unverifiable abstract conditions” have been put forward for Kyiv. The Deputy Chairman of the Security Council admitted that the real term for Ukraine's entry into the European Union— middle of the century.

“But the situation can happen the same as with the fate of the USSR. Communism, perhaps, would have come if the Union itself had been preserved. And the Union, unfortunately, died. Do you understand what I'm hinting at? wrote Medvedev. He suggested that the EU might be gone by then.

On June 17, the European Commission recommended granting Ukraine the status of an EU candidate. According to the head of the EC, Ursula von der Leyen, Ukraine has demonstrated “the desire and determination to comply with European values ​​and standards.” Shortly before this, Kyiv was visited by the leaders of the three largest countries of the association— Germany, France and Italy, which also supported granting Ukraine the status of an EU candidate.

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Kyiv applied to join the EU a few days after the start of Russia's special operation. The Ukrainian authorities called for the country to be granted membership under an accelerated procedure. This proposal was supported by Poland, but a number of countries, including the Netherlands, expressed the opinion that Kyiv “is still far away” before joining the EU.

Russia initially did not speak out against Ukraine's integration into the EU. First, the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov said that the European Union, unlike NATO— not a military-political bloc, but later stated that Kyiv's movement towards the EU requires special attention against the background of the strengthening of the defense component of the union.

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Putin said that Russia has never been against Ukraine’s accession to the EU

The European Union is not a military union, therefore Russia has never been against the admission of Ukraine into its composition, Putin said. At the same time, he criticized the statements about the civilizational choice from the Ukrainian elite, which “stole” money from the people

Russia has never opposed Ukraine's membership in the European Union, President Vladimir Putin said at a meeting of the St. International Economic Forum, broadcasted by RBC.

“We have never been against it. We have always been against the military development of Ukrainian territory, because it threatens our security. That's what we were up against. But as for economic integration— for God's sake, it's their choice,” — explained Putin.

He pointed out that any country can make a sovereign decision to join economic associations. The question of whether it will benefit Ukraine,— this is the business of the people and the leadership of the country, Putin noted.

The President considered that the expediency of Ukraine's admission to the European Union should be determined by the countries of association.

At the same time, he criticized the statements of the Ukrainian elite about the civilizational choice.

“So called civilizational choice— what is it, excuse me for bad manners, in FIG civilizational choice? They stole money from the Ukrainian people, hid it in banks and want to protect it. And the best way to protect— is to say that this is a civilizational choice,»,— said Putin.

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Earlier in the day, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that the issue of Ukraine's possible EU membership requires increased attention: “It still remains a different plane (not military-political.— RBC). Of course, this requires more attention. We all know about the intensification of discussions in Europe on the subject of strengthening the defense component of the EU— military, defense and security components».

In 2014, power was changed in Ukraine as a result of mass protests. Their reason was that President Viktor Yanukovych postponed the signing of an association agreement with the European Union. After that, spontaneous protests began in Kyiv in support of European integration.

After the flight of Viktor Yanukovych, Petro Poroshenko was elected the new president of the country. In 2014, Ukraine and the European Union nevertheless signed an association agreement. Poroshenko began to call Ukrainians a European nation that made its civilizational choice.

Ukraine's desire to join the European Union has been enshrined in the Constitution of Ukraine since 2019. However, President Volodymyr Zelensky applied for membership after the start of Russia's hostilities in Ukraine at the end of February of this year.

On June 17, the European Commission recommended granting Ukraine the status of a candidate member of the EU. The head of the organization, Ursula von der Leyen, stressed that Ukraine has shown determination to live up to European values ​​and standards, as it adopted tough laws against oligarchs and implemented 70% of the EU's recommendations for reforms regarding minorities.

Russian presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said that the issue of Ukraine's possible membership in the EU requires increased attention. He explained that discussions about strengthening the defense component of the EU have intensified in Europe.

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Medvedev said that the EU is preparing Ukrainians to die for the “perspective of Europe”

Medvedev: EU is preparing Ukrainians to be ready to die for the “European perspective” The Deputy Head of the Russian Security Council warned that “good guys and aunts from the EU” are preparing Ukrainians to die for the “European perspective”. Earlier, the head of the European Commission said that the citizens of Ukraine are ready to die for the “European dream” jpg” alt=”Medvedev said that the EU is preparing Ukrainians to die for the “perspective of Europe”” />

The European Union is preparing the citizens of Ukraine to be ready to die for the “European perspective”, wrote Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev on his page in “VKontakte”.

“Ukrainians are ready to die for the European perspective,” said the head of the European Commission and part-time specialist in childbearing. It seems that good guys and aunts from the EU are preparing them for this, — he warned.

Earlier, a message appeared on the official Twitter channel of the European Commission that Ukrainians are “ready to die for the European perspective.” And the EC President assured that Europe wants Ukraine to live the European dream together with it.

On June 17, the European Commission recommended granting Ukraine the status of a candidate for EU membership, as Kyiv “has demonstrated commitment to European values.” However, European officials noted that the country's authorities should carry out a number of important reforms.

The EC made a similar decision in relation to Moldova. Georgia was turned down by members of the commission because of the need for it to “unite politically and pave a clear path towards structural reforms.”

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky thanked the European Commission and von der Leyen “for the historic decision” grant the country candidate status. He also expressed confidence that the European Commission will make a final positive decision next week.

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Ukraine applied to join the EU a few days after the start of the Russian military operation. The authorities of the country have repeatedly called for granting it membership under an accelerated procedure, but this decision was not supported by some members of the union, including the Netherlands.

Prime Minister In Georgia, Irakli Garibashvili said on June 13 that Georgia, more than Ukraine and Moldova, deserves the status of a candidate for EU membership, as it has been “fighting for democracy” for 30 years. and “for ten goals” ahead of them in all directions.

Advisor to the Office of the President of Ukraine Mikhail Podolyak reproached Garibashvili for his words. Addressing him, he wrote: “Values ​​are more important than profits. What is important to you? Application number in the queue?»

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Putin predicted degradation and change of elites for the EU

Separation of European authorities from reality and public demands will lead to the growth of populism, radical movements and serious socio-economic changes, Russian President Vladimir Putin believes

The European Union has finally lost its political sovereignty, and the actions of European politicians will lead to degradation, serious socio-economic changes, and in the long run to a change of elites, Russian President Vladimir Putin said at a speech during SPIEF-2022. The broadcast is conducted by RBC.

“The European Union has finally lost its political sovereignty, and its bureaucratic elites are dancing to someone else's tune, accepting everything they are told from above, causing harm to their own population and their own economy,”— said Putin.

Video

He compared the elections taking place in Europe to a “screen”, as a result of which political forces similar to each other are replaced in power. The Russian president believes that the policy of the European authorities will lead to a split not only on the issue of welfare, but in value orientations.

“Such a separation from reality, from the demands of society will inevitably lead to a surge of populism and the growth of radical movements, to serious social and economic changes, to degradation, and in the near future, to a change of elites,” — Putin said.

Relations between Russia and the EU have deteriorated amid Moscow's special military operation in Ukraine. Brussels and countries— members of the union condemned Russia's actions and introduced several packages of sanctions against it.

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Russian authorities repeatedly called the restrictive measures of the EU illegal and damaging its own economy and citizens. In particular, the Russian Foreign Ministry stated that “an acute shortage of common sense and rationality” from the EU authorities led to multi-billion dollar losses for European enterprises.

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The Federation Council called Zelensky’s clothes “comical” at a meeting with EU leaders

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky violated etiquette and diplomatic canons by appearing at a meeting with EU leaders in clothes resembling a military uniform. Konstantin Dolgov, Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Economic Policy, told News.ru about this.

“The fact that he came out in some kind of military camouflage looks extremely comical, because Zelensky is far from everything, what is connected with the performance of military duty,” the politician said.

According to the senator, the President of Ukraine “lost orientation in space and the rules of decency.” He believes that if you imagine the Ukrainian leader at a meeting with partners in a suit, “the essence will not change.”

the senator said.

Dolgov concluded that Zelensky – “this is such a misunderstanding, so what is he wearing — absolutely don't care. 

Zelensky appeared in front of German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, French President Emmanuel Macron and Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi in a khaki T-shirt. Foreign leaders arrived in Ukraine in a VIP car.

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Macron, Scholz, Draghi visited Kyiv and supported Ukraine’s accession to the EU

The leaders of the three leading European countries visited Kyiv to announce their support for Ukraine to become an EU candidate country and to assure their support for defeating Russia

Olaf Scholz, Emmanuel Macron, Volodymyr Zelensky, Mario Draghi (left to right)

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, French President Emmanuel Macron and Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, during their visit to Kyiv and meeting with Ukrainian leader Volodymyr Zelensky, supported granting the country the status of a candidate for EU membership.

“We all support the immediate granting of candidate status to the EU”, — Macron said at a joint press conference after the talks in Kyiv (quoted by Reuters).

“This is a turning point in our history. The Ukrainian people daily defend democratic values ​​and freedom, which supports the European project. Our project. We cannot wait. We cannot delay this process,»— Draghi said there. “Germany” for a positive decision regarding Ukraine. This also applies to the Republic of Moldova»,— he noted, adding that Ukraine belongs to the “European family”.

The trip took place ten days before the EU summit, at which the granting of the status of a candidate country to Ukraine should be officially announced. President Emmanuel Macron, Chancellor Olaf Scholz and Prime Minister Mario Draghi arrived in the Ukrainian capital early Thursday morning on a special train across the Polish border— to the sound of air defense sirens. A joint photo of the three leaders at a table in a train compartment was the first stage of the visit, the details of which were kept secret until the last moment. The visit began with a visit to the Kyiv suburb of Irpen, in which the leaders inspected the destruction. On the same day, Romanian President Klaus Iohannis also visited Kyiv, who also took part in negotiations with Zelensky.

What was the purpose of the visit to Kyiv

The first point of the visit of the three European leaders was the city of Irpen in the suburbs of Kyiv, which the Russian military occupied in the first days of the special operation, but then left. Kyiv accuses Moscow of numerous casualties among the civilian population of Irpen, but the Kremlin denies these accusations. After touring the city, Macron made several statements to the media. Thus, he spoke about the fact that European countries have already begun to allocate financial assistance to Ukraine for the restoration of cities destroyed during the hostilities, and that European experts, gendarmes and lawyers are helping the Ukrainian authorities in investigating war crimes. Commenting on his earlier remark that Russia should not be humiliated, he said: “France has been by Ukraine since day one. We stand on the side of the Ukrainians without ambiguity. Ukraine must resist and win».

Then the leaders of the four countries were received by Zelensky in Kyiv, the president came out to them in his usual informal form since February 24 & mdash; sneakers and a t-shirt. Negotiations lasted several hours behind closed doors. The main topic was the issue of Ukraine obtaining the status of a candidate member of the EU. Macron also announced the allocation of additional military assistance to Kyiv. Speaking about the prospect of negotiations with Russia, he stressed that Ukraine itself must decide on what conditions to conduct them, and that the EU will not demand territorial concessions from Kyiv to Moscow.

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Dragizhe raised the issue of transporting Ukrainian grain intended for export, more than 20 million tons of which have been stuck in the country's ports since the start of the Russian special operation. Previously, it was transported to destination countries by dry cargo ships through the Black Sea, but Ukrainian ports in the Odessa region were mined after the outbreak of hostilities. At the same time, the approach to them is controlled by the Russian fleet. Turkey, together with the UN, is making mediation efforts to reach an agreement between Russia and Ukraine, which will ensure the unimpeded export of grain. “There are two weeks left to clear the ports, deadlines are running out to prevent the irreparable. It is necessary to organize safe corridors for the supply of grain,»,— Draghi said, noting that “the only solution” this is a UN resolution on the regulation of navigation in the Black Sea».

In turn, the head of Zelensky’s office, Andriy Yermak, wrote on his Telegram channel that the European leaders were given “a complete package of sanctions proposals against Russia, which were prepared by the McFaul international group”; Yermak". He noted that Kyiv proceeds from the need to “work on the seventh package of sanctions with the gas embargo.”

The Ukrainian president announced the country's intention to apply for EU membership on February 28, four days after the start of the Russian special operation. The questionnaire necessary for this was handed over to Kyiv, which the Ukrainian authorities filled out in an expedited manner and sent to Brussels. Politico, citing sources, reported that the European Commission on Friday, June 17, will recommend to the European Council to grant the country candidate status. However, according to the procedure, this requires the consent of all 27 member countries, which has not yet been achieved. Bloomberg reported that the Netherlands and Denmark opposed. In Copenhagen, they argue the refusal by the fact that Kyiv's readiness to assume the necessary obligations within the EU is still “generally at a very early stage.”

What did the leaders of France, Germany and Italy not suit Kyiv

>

For the French president, the German chancellor and the Italian prime minister, this visit to Kyiv was the first since the start of hostilities in Ukraine. Although since February 24, not only the leaders of the Baltic States and Poland, but also British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Canadian leader Justin Trudeau have managed to visit the country. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has been to Kyiv twice already.

“Delay” with the decision to pay a visit could be due to the fact that each of the troika was repeatedly criticized by the Kyiv authorities. Chancellor Scholz has twice said publicly that he has no intention of visiting Ukraine, including because of Kyiv's refusal to receive German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier in mid-April. The reason was the pro-Russian, according to Kyiv, position that Steinmeier held during his tenure as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Germany. In particular, he supported the implementation of the Nord Stream 2 project. Scholz made it clear that his visit to Kyiv would not take place until the president was there. Cancellation of visit— it is “an unacceptable way to treat the president of the country,” Scholz said in May, adding that this fact interfered with his own trip to Kyiv. However, Steinmeier never visited Ukraine, and Scholz nevertheless changed his position.

Another painful moment in relations between Kyiv and Berlin was the issue of supplying heavy weapons to Ukraine. Germany has previously announced several so-called ring swaps, in which the country will supply Slovakia, Greece and the Czech Republic with modern heavy weapons, and they will transfer Soviet ones to Kyiv, but so far the deals have not been implemented. In addition, Berlin promised to transfer 30 Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns to Kyiv, organizing appropriate training for the Ukrainian military on the territory of Germany. The first batch should go to Ukraine in July, the second— in August. In Kyiv, however, other figures are called. So, the adviser to the head of the office of the President of Ukraine Oleksiy Arestovich said on June 15 that Germany had promised to transfer 88 Leopard tanks and 50 Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns. According to him, Germany “is responsible” for dead soldiers and civilians, as it does not give heavy weapons.

In relations with France, the stumbling block is Macron's attempts to maintain a dialogue with Russian President Vladimir Putin for a further diplomatic settlement of the conflict. Since the beginning of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, Macron has called the Russian leader more often than anyone else and, in total, according to him, spent more than 100 hours talking. He also urged Europe to refrain from “temptation or the spirit of vengeance”; on the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. Zelensky does not agree with this interpretation. “We should not look for a way out for Russia, Macron is doing it in vain. He wanted to find certain results in the mediation between us and did not find it. And not from our side, but from Russia's, — he said on the air of the Italian channel Rai 1.

The words of Macron, uttered by him in early June, caused an even tougher reaction from the Ukrainian side. “We must not humiliate Russia so that on the day the fighting stops we can find a solution through diplomatic means,” — he told French media, noting that France would have to play a mediating role. In response, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba said that the words that Russia cannot be humiliated “can only humiliate France.”

The Italian prime minister, like Macron, tried to take on the role of a mediator and proposed his own plan for resolving the conflict, which was critically received both in Kyiv and in Moscow. It contained four main points: the establishment of a ceasefire, negotiations on the status of Ukraine, an agreement between Kyiv and Moscow on the status of Donbass and Crimea, and the conclusion of a multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe. The relevant proposals were submitted to UN Secretary General António Guterres and representatives of the countries— members of the G7 (in addition to Italy, it includes the UK, Germany, Canada, France, Japan and the USA). Kuleba, commenting on the Italian proposal, said that Kyiv welcomes any plans that do not include “concessions from Ukraine on territorial integrity and sovereignty in relation to certain territories.”

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Zelensky announced the need for four countries to join the EU

According to the Ukrainian president, Ukraine, Albania, Montenegro and North Macedonia should become full members of the European Union. These countries, except Ukraine, already have the status of EU candidates and have supported granting it to Kyiv

Vladimir Zelensky

Ukraine, Albania, Montenegro and North Macedonia should become full members of the EU, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said following the results negotiations with the leaders of the Balkan states. The broadcast of the press conference was published on the Telegram of the head of the republic.

“Our countries should be full members of the EU, and we agree that our states are not competitors on this European path, but only enhance each other's capabilities” ;,— said Zelensky.

According to him, Albania, Montenegro and North Macedonia supported granting Ukraine the status of a candidate for EU membership.

Now the candidates are Turkey (1999), North Macedonia (2005), Serbia (2012), Montenegro (2012) and Albania (2014).

Zelensky applied to join the European Union at the end of February, days after the start of the Russian military operation. The Ukrainian side had to fill out a questionnaire to obtain candidate status. At the beginning of May, Kyiv handed over the last part of the answers to Brussels.

On June 13, Politico, citing several officials, reported that the European Commission is inclined to recommend granting Ukraine the status of a state— candidate for the EU. It must make a decision on June 17, and EU leaders will discuss it on June 23 & 24. According to Bloomberg, several countries have already objected, notably Denmark and the Netherlands.

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Russia’s permanent representative to the EU refused to consider the United States “the ruler of the world”

The day before, the US Treasury Department said that the United States is discussing with its allies a limit on the purchase prices of Russian oil. Russia's permanent representative to the EU said that the world is not limited to the United States, and oil consumption is actively growing in other regions

Vladimir Chizhov

The world is much wider than the United States, and energy consumption is growing primarily in Asia, Africa, Latin America, where “Russian energy carriers will be glad to see.” So the Permanent Representative of Russia to the EU Vladimir Chizhov on the sidelines of the SPIEF commented on RIA Novosti Washington's plans to limit Moscow's oil revenues.

“Let's see, because the United States is not the ruler of the world,”— said the diplomat.

The day before, US Deputy Treasury Secretary Adewale Adeyemo said that Russia, after the start of the military operation in Ukraine, probably increased its oil revenues, so Washington is discussing with its allies the possibility of introducing a ceiling on purchase prices for supplies from Russia.

Earlier, the head of the US Treasury, Janet Yellen, voiced this idea: on May 20, she said that Western countries could create a cartel of Russian oil buyers to control the increase in fuel prices, and within this cartel a price limit would be set that would reduce Russian budget revenues without causing ” “too much pressure on the global economy.” The minister warned that such a move could cause “stagflation-type shocks.”

In March, the United States banned oil and gas imports from Russia, and in April, Deputy National Security Adviser Dulip Singh said that Washington intends to deprive Moscow of all income from the export of these resources. In June, the European Union imposed sanctions against Russian oil, banning its shipments by sea.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov ruled out budget losses in 2022 due to restrictions imposed by the EU. According to him, Russia, on the contrary, will increase its profits from energy exports: the country has alternative markets, where Moscow is already increasing supplies. Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak previously reported that Russia has increased exports to the Asia-Pacific region.

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Georgian authorities say Tbilisi deserves EU status more than Kyiv

Georgian PM: Tbilisi deserves EU candidate status more than Kyiv and Chisinau Prime Minister Garibashvili

Irakli Garibashvili

Georgia, more than Ukraine and Moldova, deserves to receive the status of a candidate for the EU. This was stated by Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvilin at a government meeting.

According to him, Tbilisi “for ten heads” ahead of Kyiv and Chisinau in all directions and even “ahead of some EU countries”; on a number of fronts.

“If status is defined by war, we don’t want war. We demand deserved status,»,— Garibashvili said.

He stressed that Georgia “deserved” EU candidate status with his 30-year “struggle for democracy” and the reforms carried out by the government over the past nine years, reports Agenda.

Georgia applied for EU membership together with Moldova in early March, following Ukraine. The aspirations for EU membership and Euro-Atlantic security structures are enshrined in the Georgian Constitution.

The European Commission (EC) plans to take a decision on the EU bids of Georgia, Ukraine and Moldova on 17 June. According to Bloomberg sources, the EC will recommend granting Kyiv candidate status “on conditions related to the rule of law and the fight against corruption.” In this case, all EU members will still have to give consent.

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The head of European diplomacy Josep Borrell on June 13, answering a question about the possibility of granting Ukraine the status of an EU candidate, noted that the country with its own values, culture and history was already preparing to join Europe through reforms, and the European Union may expand.

Nevertheless, a number of EU countries do not support granting Kyiv the status of an EU candidate. Among them, according to Bloomberg, Denmark and the Netherlands. Austrian Chancellor Karl Nehammer called for an “interim status” for Ukraine and Moldova. With a similar offer— create a parallel organization, which could be joined by countries seeking to become part of the European Union,— French President Emmanuel Macron also spoke.

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