Turkey announces new NATO summit with Finland and Sweden

The summit with the participation of the first persons of Turkey, NATO, Sweden and Finland will take place on June 28. Ankara will push for amendments to Finnish and Swedish laws to fight “PKK terrorists,” Erdogan's spokesman clarified

Turkey will hold a new round of negotiations with Finland and Sweden on NATO membership before alliance summit in Madrid, Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin said on Haberturk TV channel.

“On Tuesday [June 28], at the request of NATO Secretary General [Jens Stoltenberg], a summit of Turkey, NATO, Sweden and Finland will be held with the participation of our President [Recep Tayyip Erdogan]. It will be a summit before the NATO summit, — said Kalyn.

At the same time, according to the representative of Erdogan, Turkey's participation in the summit does not mean that it will “retreat from its positions.” He recalled the need to amend Finnish and Swedish laws to combat “PKK terrorists”; (The Kurdistan Workers Party— has been designated a terrorist movement in Turkey.)

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on May 18, explaining their decision by changes in the security sphere after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. Stockholm and Helsinki stressed that such a move is not directed against Moscow. To join NATO, applications from Sweden and Finland must be considered and approved by all 30 countries — alliance members.

Turkey refuses to support the applications of Sweden and Finland to join NATO and demands that these countries extradite members of the PKK to Ankara, close all organizations associated with structures that Turkey considers terrorist, and provide the Turkish side with appropriate guarantees.

On May 25, Turkish, Finnish and Swedish representatives held talks in Ankara. After that, sources told Reuters that the meeting was not easy, and its participants made “little progress”; and did not achieve clear results. The Turkish President said at the time that he was not satisfied with the outcome of the talks.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called Turkey's fears about supporting terrorism legitimate. According to him, the bloc continues to maintain close contacts with all parties in order to settle relations with Ankara and make progress on the applications of Sweden and Finland as soon as possible.

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In turn, Russian President Vladimir Putin noted that the intention of Sweden and Finland to join in NATO could exacerbate “an already difficult international security environment.” NATO expansion at the expense of these countries will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but Moscow will respond if additional military infrastructure appears on their territories, Putin emphasized.

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Finland to lift restrictions on visa applications from 1 July

Helsinki, Finland

In connection with the lifting of coronavirus restrictions on entry, Finland will remove restrictions on the acceptance of visa applications from July 1, the country's embassy in Russia reports.

The ministry stressed that visa applications will be accepted at the Finnish visa centers only by appointment, and their consideration is carried out in accordance with the EU visa code.

“There is a valid Visa Facilitation Agreement between the EU and Russia, but due to the sanctions its provisions have been partially suspended. On the part of the EU, the suspension of the agreement concerns representatives of official Russian delegations, in particular diplomats and businessmen, — the message says.

The Embassy noted that it is not yet known what restrictions on border crossing by the Russian authorities will apply after June 30.

On the eve of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Finland announced the lifting of all coronavirus restrictions on entry into the country from June 30, including for Russians. After that, the consular department of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that coronavirus restrictions on crossing land borders in Russia remain.

At the moment, Russians can only get to Finland by car. At the end of January 2021, Russia resumed flights with Finland. However, at the end of February 2022, Russia banned flights to 36 states, including this country. This was the response of the Russian authorities to the decision of the European Union to close the skies for Russian aircraft after the start of the military operation in Ukraine.

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Last December, Russia also resumed passenger rail links with Finland. The “Allegro” trains were re-launched, plying on the route of Helsinki— St. Petersburg. In addition to them, before the pandemic, the Leo Tolstoy train also ran in Helsinki. from Moscow. However, in March of this year, Finland broke off relations with Russian Railways due to Russia's special operation in Ukraine and stopped passenger and freight rail traffic.

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Turkey rejects NATO mediation in talks with Finland and Sweden

Ankara demands specific proposals from Helsinki and Stockholm to counter the activists of the Kurdistan Workers' Party on the territory of these countries. Turkey blocks accession of two states to NATO

Jens Stoltenberg

Turkey rejected NATO's offer to hold trilateral talks with Sweden and Finland over the country's objections to their entry into the alliance, writes the Financial Times, citing three people familiar with it .

Negotiations mediated by NATO were scheduled for June 15, but did not take place, the newspaper reports.

Ankara demands from Helsinki and Stockholm “specific proposals” regarding concerns about the activities recognized as terrorist in Turkey

strong>Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) before it agrees to negotiate. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday reiterated that Turkey will not change its attitude towards the membership of Sweden and Finland in the North Atlantic Alliance until these countries take “clear, concrete and decisive action.” in the fight against terrorism. Earlier, the Turkish leader has already urged Sweden and Finland not to waste time negotiating with NATO to join the alliance. Turkey's demands have not changed and there is nothing to talk about, he noted.

In May, Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO, but Turkey is blocking this process. Erdogan considers northern European countries “incubators” for terrorists, and Sweden, according to him, became the home of the PKK. The Turkish authorities demand that Helsinki and Stockholm hand over PKK members to them and close all structures associated with them on their territories.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said during a visit to Sweden on June 13 that the bloc continues to maintain close contacts with all parties in order to settle relations with Turkey and make progress on the requests of Sweden and Finland as soon as possible. Stoltenberg welcomed the readiness of Stockholm to solve the problem, in particular, by changing the legislation regarding the fight against terrorism. He called Turkey's fears legitimate. The Secretary General is sure that it is possible to resolve the issue “within a reasonable time.” “My goal is for Finland and Sweden to become members [of the alliance] as soon as possible,” Stoltenberg said.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the intention of the Nordic states to join NATO could exacerbate “an already difficult international security environment.” According to him, the expansion of the alliance at the expense of Sweden and Finland will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but it will respond if the military infrastructure is expanded in these territories.

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Stoltenberg was surprised by the position of Turkey on the membership of Finland and Sweden in NATO

The NATO Secretary General considered Turkey's fears about the entry of Finland and Sweden into the alliance legitimate. Negotiations with Turkey will continue in order to find “a common path forward”, he assured

Jens Stoltenberg

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg had no reason to believe that Turkey would take a hard line when he promised Finland and Sweden to quickly join the alliance. He spoke about this in an interview with The Financial Times.

“We had no reason to believe that there would be any problems. Turkey's concerns are not new. Turkey— an important ally, and when an ally raises security issues, we must resolve them, — emphasized Stoltenberg.

He called Turkey's concerns about terrorism legitimate. According to him, no NATO ally has suffered from terrorism on such a scale as Ankara. Stoltenberg assured that negotiations with Turkey would continue in order to find “a common path forward.”

At the same time, the NATO Secretary General expressed confidence that it was still possible to overcome the “legitimate” Ankara's fears “within a reasonable time.” “My goal is for Finland and Sweden to become members [of the alliance] as soon as possible,” he concluded.

Helsinki and Stockholm applied to join NATO on 18 May. All member countries must approve them, but Turkey opposed the accession of these northern European countries to the bloc.

Ankara explained its decision by the fact that these countries gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist in Turkey, — for example, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)— and did not issue them at the request of the Turkish side. In addition, Sweden and Finland imposed sanctions against the republic.

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NATO Secretary General assured that allies, when considering applications from Helsinki and Stockholm, will take into account the concerns of all parties, including Ankara.

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson 21 May said that Stockholm “welcomes the possibility of cooperation in the fight against international terrorism.” and supports the inclusion of the PKK in the list of terrorists. Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto spoke about his readiness to guarantee Ankara that links with the PKK will be more closely monitored, but stressed that Helsinki cannot extradite people associated with the party without justice.

The President Russia Vladimir Putin said that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO would not create an immediate threat to Moscow, but in the event of an expansion of the military infrastructure of the alliance, the Russian side would take retaliatory actions.

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NATO rejects deadline to host Sweden and Finland at Madrid summit

Stoltenberg: NATO does not consider the Madrid summit as a deadline for hosting Finland and Sweden According to Stoltenberg, NATO does not see the summit as a deadline for hosting Finland and Sweden. He once again stressed that Turkey's concerns are legitimate

Jens Stoltenberg and Sauli Niinistö

NATO does not consider the Madrid summit from 28 to 30 June as a deadline for hosting Finland and Sweden, said Secretary General organization Jens Stoltenberg at a joint press conference with Finnish President Sauli Niinistö.

“We don't see the Madrid summit as a deadline for Sweden and Finland to join,” — Stoltenberg said, answering a journalist's question, whether NATO will be able to remove Turkey's objections to the admission of these two countries by the time it is held.

According to the Secretary General, Turkey's security concerns are legitimate.

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At the same time, Niinistö said that Turkey's objections to his country's accession to NATO came as a surprise to him. “I was surprised by the position of Turkey, but we must take seriously the topics on which it expresses concern. Let's hope that we can find a solution that will suit everyone,— he said.

Finland and Sweden decided to join NATO after the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. The countries officially applied to join the alliance on May 18.

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NATO membership requires consideration of applications by the North Atlantic Council— NATO's main political governing body. After that, the agreement on the membership of countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries that are in the military-political bloc.

Turkey opposed the entry of Sweden and Finland. According to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, these countries gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist by Ankara, in particular the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), and also imposed sanctions against the republic. Stoltenberg had previously urged that Ankara's concerns be taken into account and that “any security-related problems” be resolved.

Negotiations were held between the parties at the end of May, but they were unsuccessful. Erdogan then called the representatives of Sweden and Finland “dishonest and insincere.” Later, Turkish presidential adviser Fahrettin Altun said that Finland and Sweden should not waste time negotiating with NATO, as Turkey's position remains unchanged.

Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov, speaking about the desire of Sweden and Finland to become members NATO, said that the Kremlin regards this as a threat. According to him, Moscow's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” will be expressed; and how the military infrastructure of the alliance will move.

Now Sweden and Finland have the status of states— NATO partners. The bloc members are 30 countries, including Denmark and Norway.

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Finland rules out NATO membership without Sweden

Both countries applied to join the alliance on May 18. Turkey opposes their membership. Russia said that NATO expansion in the region does not pose a “threat”, but retaliatory measures will be taken

Jens Stoltenberg and Sauli Niinistö

Finland will not join NATO without Sweden, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö said during a press conference with the General NATO Secretary Jens Stoltenberg, who arrived on a visit to Finland. On June 13, Stoltenberg will visit Sweden.

“I say that the Swedish thing— our. This means that we will go forward hand in hand,— said Niinistö (NRK quote).

Helsinki and Stockholm applied to join the alliance on 18 May. All member countries must approve their membership in NATO, but Turkey opposed the accession of these northern European countries to the bloc. Ankara is unhappy with the fact that they gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist in Turkey— for example, the Kurdistan Workers' Party – and did not issue them at the request of the Turkish side. In addition, Sweden and Finland imposed sanctions against the republic.

Stoltenberg stressed at a press conference that the allies, when considering applications from Helsinki and Stockholm, would take into account the concerns of all parties, including Ankara. “Therefore, I remain in close contact with you, Sauli, and your colleagues, with Sweden and with our ally Turkey on this issue. My staff is also in close dialogue with officials from all three countries to resolve legitimate Turkish issues and move forward with your entry into our alliance,— he told the Finnish leader.

Sweden and Finland, previously pursuing a policy of military neutrality, decided to become members of the alliance against the backdrop of a potential “Russian threat”. Both countries plan to join NATO on the condition that no military bases or nuclear weapons will be placed on their territory.

For the rapid accession of the two states to the alliance, US President Joe Biden spoke. He supported Stoltenberg's efforts in resolving this issue, but emphasized that it is necessary to take into account the security interests of all allies. French leader Emmanuel Macron, commenting on Turkey's objections, said that it should “respect the sovereign choice” candidates for membership of the alliance, and expressed hope for a speedy resolution of the issue.

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STT learned of Finland’s refusal to extradite ‘terrorists’ to Turkey

According to the agency, Turkey has sent ten extradition requests to Finland since 2019, but Helsinki agreed to extradite only two people whose ties to the FETO or the PKK were not known

Finland did not agree to extradite to Turkey people who, according to Ankara, are associated with the Gülen Movement (FETO) or the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), recognized as terrorist in the republic, Ilta Sanomat reports with reference to STT.

According to According to the agency, in total, by the beginning of June, Helsinki had ruled on seven requests for the extradition of citizens out of ten sent by Ankara since 2019. Two were extradited to Turkey, but they were not suspected of terrorism in their homeland.

In mid-May, Finland and Sweden applied to join NATO. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan then said that Ankara would not support the membership of states in the alliance, because they refused to extradite terrorists to it and imposed sanctions against the country.

Sabah subsequently reported, that the Turkish authorities are planning to hand over to Sweden and Finland a manifesto with conditions to support their accession to NATO. Among the demands were refusal to accept “terrorists”; PKK to parliaments, avoiding contacts with the leadership of the party, accelerating the procedure for extradition of its members and other measures to oppose the activities of the organization on the territory of the two countries.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg supported the entry of Sweden and Finland, but urged to take into account the interests of all allies and seek a compromise with Turkey.

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson said on May 21 that Stockholm “welcomes the possibility of cooperation in the fight against international terrorism.” and supports the inclusion of the PKK in the list of terrorists. Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto spoke about his readiness to guarantee Ankara that ties with the PKK will be more closely monitored, but stressed that Helsinki cannot extradite people associated with the party without justice.

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The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Finland announced plans to build barriers on the border with Russia

Finland's border will be strengthened due to “various security threats” and the risk of using migration as a policy tool, the country's interior ministry said. The Finnish authorities will decide on the barriers on the eastern sections of the border The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Finland announced plans to build barriers on the border with Russia” />

Krista Mikkonen

The Finnish Ministry of the Interior has published planned amendments to the law on the border service, they should increase the country's readiness for “hybrid influence that exploits migration”, “border fences” are supposed in the east, according to a statement on the ministry's website.

Additional provisions are planned to be introduced into the legislation that regulate the construction of fences and other barriers, which will increase readiness for “various threats to border security,” according to the Finnish Ministry of Internal Affairs. In particular, “earthworks and hydraulic works” are envisaged.

“A later government will decide on border barriers at critical sections of the eastern border based on a report from the Finnish Border Guard, — Minister Krista Mikkonen added.

She pointed out that the situation on the Finnish borders is now calm, but preparations are underway for “various disturbances”. Mikonnen recalled that in the spring, the country's Border Guard Service received additional funding for technical supervision, among other things, the number of border guards was increased, new drones were purchased.

The Finnish government has indicated that there is a risk of using “exceptional, wide-ranging and sophisticated means of hybrid influence” against the country; in the short and long term, the ministry said in a statement. Helsinki believes that the flow of migrants towards Europe will not weaken, and migration will be used as an instrument of political pressure.

The Finnish Cabinet submitted these amendments to Parliament on Thursday, June 9. The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Finland noted that the entry into force of the changes is expected “as soon as possible.”

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In mid-May, the Finnish authorities applied to join NATO. Russian President Vladimir Putin, speaking to his Finnish counterpart Sauli Niinistö, called the move a mistake, pointing to Finland's long history of neutrality. He stated that such a change of course could “negatively affect” on relations between the two Moscow and Helsinki, and assured that Russia does not pose a threat to Finland.

Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov noted that the possible accession of Finland to NATO is an absolute threat to Russia. The Russian Foreign Ministry said that Moscow will be forced to take retaliatory measures & mdash; “both military-technical and other in nature in order to stop the threats arising in this regard.” The Russian mission to the UN indicated that if units of the alliance appeared on Finnish territory, the country could become a possible target for a strike. or an attack to Finland. “Neither then nor now,” — he specified. The President of Finland noted that during the telephone conversation, Putin did not “repeate threats from his subordinates”, the conversation with him was calm and “cold-blooded”.

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After Putin’s words about Peter I, the President of Finland urgently left the Baltic island

And refused to dine with the King of Sweden

According to the British daily tabloid Daily Mail, Russian President Vladimir Putin's speech at a meeting with young entrepreneurs, in which he drew a parallel between current events and era of Peter I, had unexpected consequences outside the Russian Federation.

photo frame from video

And the consequences are as follows: the president Finland Sauli Niinistö and his wife Jenny Haukio, who were on a visit to the Åland Islands (the Swedish-speaking part of Finland, located at the mouth of the Gulf of Bothnia) on the occasion of the celebration of the 100th anniversary of autonomy, flew home by helicopter.

It was planned that the presidential the couple will have dinner with King Carl Gustaf XVI of Sweden and Queen Silvia, but the feast was urgently canceled and.

So strong indignation of the Finnish leader was caused by the words of his Russian colleague that Peter I “did not take anything away from Sweden”, but only returned his own territories.

“To our share it fell to return and strengthen,” Putin said, adding that these “basic values ​​form the basis of the existence” of Russia.

Read on the topic: “Strengthen and return”: Putin compared modern Russia with the times of Peter I

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NATO refuses to guarantee non-deployment of nuclear weapons in Finland

NATO Assistant Secretary General Camille Grand said that each member country decides for itself whether to deploy nuclear weapons on its territory. Prime Minister of Finland Sanna Marin said earlier that this issue is not on the agenda ” alt=”NATO refused to guarantee non-deployment of nuclear weapons in Finland” />

NATO Assistant Secretary General for Defense Investment Camille Grand said in an interview with RTS that he could not guarantee the non-deployment of nuclear weapons in Finland and Sweden if these countries join the alliance.

“In this context, I do not I am sure that it is worth giving some guarantees to Russia about our military strategy in this region,»,— he said. Grand added that this issue has not been discussed yet.

The NATO Assistant Secretary General also indicated that each country— a member of the bloc decides on its own whether or not to host nuclear weapons.

According to Grand, the North Atlantic Alliance is doing everything possible to speed up the entry of Sweden and Finland into the bloc. Both of these countries applied to join NATO on May 18, citing changes in the security sphere after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. At the same time, Stockholm and Helsinki stressed that such a move is not directed against Moscow.

Applications from Sweden and Finland must be considered and approved by all 30 states— alliance members. Turkey does not support this move; it demands that these countries extradite members of the PKK to Ankara, close all organizations associated with structures that Turkey considers terrorist, and provide the Turkish side with appropriate guarantees. Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan chided Finland and Sweden for being “dishonest and insincere” and vowed that as long as he is president, Ankara will not approve of their joining the alliance.

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General Secretary Jens Stoltenberg, who supports the accession of Stockholm and Helsinki, urged to take into account Ankara's fears. Grand expressed the hope that the differences could be resolved by the next NATO summit, which will be held in Madrid from 28 to 30 June.

Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin said in May that the topic of deploying nuclear weapons in the country or opening bases of NATO countries is not discussed. According to her, the alliance is not interested in this. In addition, such a decision can only be made at the national level, no one is able to impose it on Helsinki, said Marin. Sweden is also against the deployment of nuclear weapons and permanent bases on its territory.

Three members of the North Atlantic Alliance have nuclear weapons— USA, France and Great Britain.

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Turkey urged Sweden and Finland not to waste time negotiating with NATO

Now Turkey, Sweden and Finland have nothing to talk about, first they must satisfy the expectations of the Turkish authorities, the presidential adviser said. Turkey seeks both countries to extradite PKK members to it =”Turkey urged Sweden and Finland not to waste time negotiating with NATO” />

Sweden and Finland should not waste time negotiating with NATO about membership in the alliance, since Turkey's requirements on this matter have not changed and there is nothing to talk about. This opinion was expressed in an interview with the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter by the adviser to the Turkish president, Fahrettin Altun.

“Turkey's demands for Finnish and Swedish membership in NATO remain unchanged, and there is nothing to negotiate. It is wrong for Finland and Sweden to waste NATO's time at these critical moments, — he said.

Instead of negotiating with an alliance, Sweden should make sure things are in line with “reasonable expectations” Turkish government, Altun believes.

“Under the current circumstances, it is impossible to explain to the Turkish people how and why Turkey should be in a military alliance with a country that offers asylum to the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party.— RBC)»,— explained the EA.

Turkey refuses to support the applications of Sweden and Finland to join NATO and demands that these countries extradite members of the PKK to Ankara, close all organizations associated with structures that Turkey considers terrorist, and provide the Turkish side with appropriate guarantees. Turkish authorities consider the PKK a terrorist organization.

On May 25, Turkish, Finnish and Swedish representatives held talks in Ankara. After that, sources told Reuters that the meeting was not easy, and its participants made “little progress”; and did not achieve clear results. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he was not satisfied with the outcome of the talks. The day before, the head of state spoke on the phone with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and noted that Sweden and Finland should demonstrate “allied solidarity” before joining. Erdogan demanded that Helsinki and Stockholm prove that they do not support terrorism and are ready to lift sanctions against Turkey.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin noted that the intention of Sweden and Finland to join NATO could aggravate “an already difficult situation in the field of international security.” NATO expansion at the expense of these countries will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but Moscow will respond if additional military infrastructure appears on their territories, Putin emphasized.

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Biden supported the rapid entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO

Joe Biden, at a meeting with Jens Stoltenberg, expressed support for his efforts for the rapid entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO, taking into account the security interests of all allies. Turkey opposes their membership, negotiations are underway rapid accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO” />

At a meeting with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, US President Joe Biden expressed support for his efforts aimed at the rapid entry of Sweden and Finland into the alliance, taking into account the security interests of all allies, the White House press service reports.

The US President and the NATO Secretary General welcomed the applications of Sweden and Finland to join the North Atlantic Alliance. The conversation discussed the implications of the Russian military operation in Ukraine for transatlantic security and the importance of strengthening NATO's deterrence and defense, in addition to ensuring that the alliance is properly resourced to address a wide range of issues, from cyber security to climate change.

The meeting was also attended US Vice President Kamala Harris, and US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan met with Stoltenberg separately.

Biden and Stoltenberg met to prepare for the NATO summit, which will be held June 29 & 30 in Madrid. Sweden and Finland will not be able to participate in this event as — candidates for membership in the alliance, said Stoltenberg, if they did not reach an agreement with Turkey, which blocked the approval of their applications because of “support for terrorists”; from the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). Despite support for the entry of Sweden and Finland, Stoltenberg urged to take into account Turkey's concerns and solve “any problems related to security.”

According to Sabah, Ankara is demanding that Stockholm and Helsinki designate the PKK and its offshoots as terrorists, refuse to admit PKK members to parliaments, and expedite the process of extradition of “terrorists”. In addition, Turkey demanded the “immediate withdrawal” of sanctions against its military-industrial complex.

The Turkish newspaper Milliyet wrote that Biden was trying to mediate negotiations with Turkey on Finland and Sweden's NATO membership.

At the end of May, negotiations were held between the parties, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was dissatisfied with their results. “The meeting of the delegations was not at the level we expected,” — he said, calling the representatives of Sweden and Finland “dishonest and insincere”.

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Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on May 18th. Both countries want to join the bloc on the condition that military bases and nuclear weapons are not placed on their territory. In addition to Turkey, Hungary and Croatia oppose the membership of these states.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the intention of the northern European states could aggravate “an already difficult international security environment.” According to him, the expansion of NATO at the expense of Sweden and Finland will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but she will respond if the military infrastructure is expanded in these territories.

The United States assured that they were not going to increase the contingent in Finland and Sweden.

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Erdogan was dissatisfied with the negotiations with Finland and Sweden on NATO

The negotiations of the Finnish and Swedish delegations with the Turkish authorities were not at the expected level, Erdogan said. According to him, as long as he is president, Ankara will not approve the entry into NATO of countries that “support terrorism”

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that he was not satisfied with the outcome of negotiations with representatives of the delegations of Sweden and Finland on the prospects for these countries to join NATO, TRT reports.

“Unfortunately, the meeting of the delegations was not at the same level , which we expected»,— he said, answering journalists' questions about whether Turkey's security concerns had been resolved, and Stockholm and Helsinki agreed to the demand for the extradition of terrorists (Ankara considers members of the PKK to be them).

The Turkish leader also reproached Finland and Sweden for being “dishonest and insincere”. “As long as Erdogan is the president of Turkey, we definitely cannot say yes; accession to NATO of countries that support terrorism, — he added (quoted by Reuters).

Negotiations of the Finnish and Swedish delegations with the Turkish authorities on the entry of the Scandinavian countries into NATO were held on May 25 in Ankara. Following their results, Erdogan's representative Ibrahim Kalin said that Turkey had presented its demands, under which it was ready to reconsider its position. Among them, as the Turkiye newspaper wrote, — extradition to Turkey of members of the PKK, the closure of all organizations associated with structures that Ankara considers terrorist, and the provision of appropriate guarantees to the Turkish side.

According to Reuters sources, the negotiations were not easy, the parties made “little progress”; and made no clear progress.

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on May 18, explaining their decision by changes in the security sphere after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. Stockholm and Helsinki stressed that such a move is not directed against Moscow.

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Reuters learned about Turkey’s “difficult” negotiations with Sweden and Finland

Turkey's negotiations with the delegations of Sweden and Finland on their accession to NATO were not easy and made little progress. This was reported by Reuters, citing informed sources.

“This is not an easy process,”— a senior Turkish official told Reuters. He added that Sweden and Finland must take “difficult” steps to enlist Ankara's support.

Another source told the agency that the talks had made no clear progress and concluded without any timeline to continue.

In mid-May, Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO. The decision of the authorities of these countries was explained by changes in the security sphere after the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. They stressed that this decision was not directed against Russia and was taken only to ensure their own security.

Turkey opposed the membership of Sweden and Finland. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticized these countries for “supporting terrorists” from PKK (PKK) and the imposition of sanctions against the republic.

On May 25, the delegations of Sweden, Finland and Turkey held talks in Ankara. According to Erdogan's press secretary Ibrahim Kalin, Turkey conveyed its demands to the countries. According to Sabah, Ankara is seeking to have Helsinki and Stockholm designate the PKK and its offshoots as terrorists, refuse to admit PKK members to parliaments, and expedite the procedure for extradition of “terrorists”. In addition, she demanded the “immediate removal” of sanctions against the military-industrial complex, Milliyet reports Kalyn.

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At the same time, the secretary general of the alliance, Jens Stoltenberg, supported Turkey in its demands on Sweden and Finland. “No one has suffered from terrorist attacks like Turkey. Turkey— an important ally, and when an ally raises a problem, it needs to be addressed. That's how it's always been done, — he said.

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Stoltenberg supported Turkey in demands to Sweden and Finland

When an ally raises a problem, it must be addressed, Stoltenberg said. Earlier, Turkey opposed the entry of Sweden and Finland into the alliance and put forward a number of demands against them

Jens Stoltenberg

Sweden and Finland are unlikely to become candidates for joining the alliance at the upcoming NATO summit if they do not fulfill Turkey's demands, Jens Stoltenberg, secretary general of the alliance, said, TRT TV channel reports.

“No one has suffered from terrorist attacks as much as Turkey. Turkey— an important ally, and when an ally raises a problem, it needs to be addressed. That's how it's always been done, — he said.

In particular, the NATO Secretary General recalled, due to the Greek veto, it took more than ten years for North Macedonia to join the alliance, but in the end the problem “was resolved”.

The NATO summit will take place in Madrid from 28 to 30 June. Sweden and Finland will be able to participate as invited countries, Stoltenberg said. However, if they do not meet Turkey's demands by June 28, they are unlikely to be candidate countries for the upcoming summit, he said. this is the time, — added the Secretary General.

Last week, Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO. The decision of the authorities of these countries was explained by changes in the security sphere after the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. They stressed that this decision was not directed against Russia and was taken only to ensure their own security.

Turkey opposed the membership of Sweden and Finland. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticized these countries for “supporting terrorists” from PKK (PKK) and the imposition of sanctions against the republic.

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On May 25, delegations from Sweden, Finland and Turkey held talks in Ankara. According to Erdogan's press secretary Ibrahim Kalin, Turkey conveyed its demands to the countries. According to Sabah, Ankara is seeking to have Helsinki and Stockholm designate the PKK and its offshoots as terrorists, refuse to admit PKK members to parliaments, and expedite the procedure for extradition of “terrorists”. In addition, she demanded the “immediate removal” of sanctions against the military-industrial complex, reports Kalyn Milliyet.

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Macron called on Erdogan to respect the decision of Sweden and Finland to join NATO

The decision to join NATO is the “sovereign choice” of Sweden and Finland, Macron said during a conversation with Erdogan. He expressed hope that an agreement would be found and Turkey would lift its veto soon .jpg” alt=”Macron urged Erdogan to respect the decision of Sweden and Finland to join NATO” />

Emmanuel Macron

It is necessary to “respect the sovereign choice” Sweden and Finland to join NATO, French President Emmanuel Macron said during a telephone conversation with his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan. This is reported by BFM TV with reference to the message of the Elysee Palace.

During a conversation with Erdogan, Macron expressed the hope that the “solution” about the lifting of the Turkish veto will be found soon.

“The President of the Republic stressed the importance of respecting the sovereign choice of these two countries, which has become the result of a democratic process and a response to changes in their security,”— says the message from the Elysee Palace.

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on 18 May. They explained their decision by changes in the security sphere after the start of the Russian military special operation in Ukraine. Both Sweden and Finland stressed that such a step is not directed against Russia and they are doing this only to ensure their own security.

In order for Sweden and Finland to join NATO, the applications must be considered and approved by the remaining 30 countries— alliance members. However, Turkey has already opposed their membership. Erdogan accused Sweden and Finland of providing asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist by Ankara, in particular the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), and also noted that both countries imposed sanctions against the republic.

Turkey demands that Sweden and Finland “stopped supporting terrorists” and wants to make a written agreement with them. The document will include the recognition of the PKK and its branches as terrorist, the refusal to admit members of the organization to the parliaments of the two countries, as well as the acceleration of the procedure for extradition of “terrorists”; at Ankara's request, Sabah wrote.

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The day before, on May 25, the delegations of Turkey, Sweden and Finland held talks in Ankara. Turkey conveyed its demands to them and “made it clear” that there would be no progress in the process of the two countries' accession to NATO until these demands were met, said presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalyn.

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Turkey called on Finland and Sweden to give guarantees before joining NATO

According to the head of the Turkish Foreign Ministry, Ankara will host the delegations of Sweden and Finland, where they will demand written guarantees from them not to support “terrorists from the Kurdistan Workers' Party” and the lifting of defense sanctions

Mevlut Cavusoglu

Turkey needs to obtain written guarantees from Finland and Sweden not to support terrorists before agreeing to their entry into NATO. This was stated by Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, Hurriyet reports.

“Sweden and Finland must stop supporting terrorists, we want a written agreement on specific steps from them. Sweden and Finland sent delegations to us, and our President [Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan] accepted this proposal, — he said.

Cavusoglu stressed that the delegations will hold talks in Ankara, and the Turkish side will present demands on the “terrorists from the Kurdistan Workers' Party”; (PKK) and the lifting of defense sanctions. The Minister also did not rule out that after the trilateral meeting, a quadripartite meeting could be held with the participation of NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.

In mid-May, Finland and Sweden applied to join NATO. However, President Erdogan refused to support the decision of the countries, since they did not want to extradite the terrorists and imposed anti-Turkish sanctions.

According to the Turkish edition of Sabah, the republic suggested that Finland and Sweden avoid contact with PKK leaders, refuse to admit PKK members to the parliaments of both countries, speed up the procedure for their extradition to Turkey as a condition for supporting the application.

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A day later, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto expressed Helsinki's readiness to guarantee Ankara that links with the banned Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in the country would be more carefully monitored. At the same time, he stressed that the Finnish side cannot extradite members of the PKK or people associated with this organization to Turkey without justice.

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Gasum announced the suspension of gas supplies from Russia to Finland

Gas supplies from Russia have been stopped, Finland will supply it in the summer season via the Balticconnector pipeline, Gasum reported. Gasgrid Finland assured that the country's system is balanced

Natural gas imports from Russia to Finland are suspended, during the entire summer season the company will purchase it from other suppliers through the Balticconnector pipeline, according to the website of the Finnish state gas company Gasum.

“Gasum will supply natural gas to its customers from other sources via the Balticconnector pipeline. Gasum filling stations in the gas network will continue to operate as usual,— said in the message.

According to the Finnish state gas operator Gasgrid Finland, gas supplies were stopped through the Imatra point, while all the volume needed by the country is already imported through Balticconnector. According to the company, “[Finland's] gas system is now balanced.”

Balticconnector connects Finland to Estonia, this pipeline provides the Finnish side with access to the Latvian natural gas storage facilities in Incukalns.

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Gasum CEO Mika Välänen said earlier that the company had prepared for such a situation and was ready to provide customers with fuel in the coming months in the absence of interruptions in the operation of the gas transport network. The company also indicated that they refused to pay for gas in rubles or according to the new scheme proposed by Russia, while there are other “substantial disagreements”; in relation to other requirements presented to the contract. Gasum “had no choice but to arbitrate the contract,” Viljanen added.

At Gazprom, previously warned that they intend to “defend their interests in arbitration by available means”, and gas supplies will be suspended due to the refusal of the Finnish side to pay for them under the new conditions.

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At the end of April, the Finnish government announced its intention to stop Russian gas supplies as soon as possible. «Purpose— get rid of all payments to Russia so that we don't use them to fund Putin's military fund. It would be undesirable to be in a situation where we have to pay for breach of contract,— said Minister for European Affairs and Corporate Governance Titti Tuppurainen.

Bloomberg learned in mid-May that Gasgrid Finland intends to charter a specialized tanker used as an offshore LNG terminal from US Excelerate Energy. Helsinki believed that this deal would stop the import of Russian gas. The head of Excelerate Energy Stephen Cobos noted that Finland and Estonia need 3 billion cubic meters. m of gas annually, while the tanker is capable of delivering 5 billion cubic meters. According to the company, this is about 52 freight shipments.

The Exemplar vessel, which is currently in Argentina, will sail to Finland by the end of the year. The agreement was signed for ten years, while the surplus gas can be sold to neighboring countries, including Estonia.

The contract between Gasum and Gazprom Export valid until the end of 2031. The Russian company reported that it supplied the Finnish side in 2016-2019 with about 2.5 billion cubic meters. m of gas. In 2020, against the backdrop of the spread of the coronavirus, supplies fell by 34.5%, but in the first half of 2021 they reached 1.035 billion cubic meters. m, which is 35.6% more than in the same period last year.

According to Bloomberg, Finland purchased 92% of natural gas from Russia last year, but this type of fuel accounts for only 5% of energy, consumed in the country.

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Erdogan called NATO a condition for joining the alliance of Sweden and Finland

NATO chief Stoltenberg agreed that it is necessary to take into account the interests of Turkey, and pointed out the need to continue negotiations to find a solution for the membership of Finland and Sweden in the alliance

Jens Stoltenberg

NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg held talks with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the entry of Sweden and Finland into the alliance. The head of the organization wrote about this on Twitter.

During the conversation, he pointed out the importance of the principle of “open doors”; in NATO. The Turkish leader also said that he supports this policy.

“We agree that it is necessary to take into account the security interests of all allies and continue negotiations to find a solution,”— emphasized Stoltenberg.

Nevertheless, Erdogan stressed that Ankara will not support the entry of the two Scandinavian countries into the alliance until they demonstrate their readiness to cooperate in the fight against terrorism, Reuters reports.

Speaker of the Finnish Parliamentarian Matti Vanhanen told YLE that Finland “certainly” join NATO. At the same time, he stressed that Helsinki cannot agree to change its legal norms because of Ankara.

“Turkey must understand that there is no chance of a political agreement. Innocent people are not extradited to another country, especially if there is a risk that they will be imprisoned or unreasonably convicted, — said Vanhanen.

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Earlier on May 21, Erdogan, during a telephone conversation with Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and Finnish President Sauli Niinistö, stated that support for representatives of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, which Ankara considers a terrorist organization, is unacceptable. He urged Sweden to stop financial and military support for the groups.

In mid-May, Stockholm and Helsinki applied to join NATO. However, the Turkish president said that Ankara would not support these applications, since Helsinki and Stockholm refused to extradite the terrorists and imposed anti-Turkish sanctions.

According to the Turkish publication Sabah, Turkey proposed a manifesto to Sweden and Finland, the adoption of which became a condition for approval applications for NATO membership. Ankara urged to avoid contacts with the leaders of the PKK, to refuse to accept PKK members to the parliaments of both countries, to expedite the procedure for their extradition to Turkey.

The National Security Adviser to the American President Jake Sullivan on May 19 expressed confidence that Turkey's doubts would be resolved and NATO countries will unanimously decide on the countries' membership in the alliance.

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Gazprom promised to protect its interests in arbitration with Finland

Gazprom will stop gas supplies to Finland on the morning of May 21, the suspension will last until payment is made in the manner prescribed by the decree of the President of Russia

Gazprom Export intends to defend its interests in arbitration with Finland, which has not accepted the new Russian gas payment terms, the company told RBC.

“Gazprom Export” will defend its interests in the arbitration proceedings by available means, — said the company.

«Gazprom Export» added that by the end of the working day on May 20 (the payment deadline stipulated by the contract), he had not received payment from Gasum for gas supplies in April. Therefore, until payment is made, gas supplies to the Finnish side will be suspended.

Gasum announced on May 17 that it did not accept Russia's new conditions for paying for gas and “submitted the contract to arbitration.” The company later reported that Gazprom informed her about the suspension of supplies from 7:00 Moscow time on May 21.

The Finnish gas company said it was “thoroughly preparing” to gas problems and will continue to supply fuel from other sources, in particular through the Balticconnector pipeline. It connects Finland with the Latvian gas storage facilities at Incukalns. Gasum is confident that it will be able to provide customers with gas in the coming months.

President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on gas payments in rubles for unfriendly countries at the end of March. Foreign gas companies must open two accounts with Gazprombank— in foreign currency and rubles. The foreign buyer transfers the gas fee in foreign currency, after which the bank sells it on the stock exchange and credits the funds received to the ruble account. The Russian side considers the obligations fulfilled only after they are credited to the account in Russian currency.

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The European Commission previously sent clarifications to member states, in which it explained how to pay for Russian gas without violating sanctions. Brussels clarified that opening accounts with Gazprombank does not violate the sanctions, but a foreign company, after crediting money to an account in foreign currency, must make a “clear statement” that the payment has been made and its obligations have been fulfilled.

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Finland has announced the date of cessation of gas supplies from Russia amid record sales

Helsinki reported that they had not received notifications from Gazprom.

A message appeared on the website of the Finnish state-owned gas company Gasum that fuel supplies from Russia are being stopped this week.

The statement also mentions the dates when the pumping will be stopped – the evening of May 20, or the 21st. The company also noted that no information about the suspension was received from the Russian side. That is, neither “Gazprom Export”, nor the Russian operator reported anything to the Finnish side.

However, Gasum believes that such a risk is very real. Their opinion was formed against the backdrop of a statement made on May 17 by Finland refusing to fulfill the conditions of Gazprom, that is, to pay for fuel in rubles.

Recall that according to the contract, payments from Finland to Russia must arrive no later than May 23 . Official Helsinki already assumed that there would be no deliveries from May 14, but did not comment on the situation.

The scenario may be possible because Gazprom has already deprived Bulgaria and Poland of Russian fuel after a similar refusal to pay. On the eve of the blackout, Varashava imposed sanctions against “Gazprom”.

At the same time, France reports a record increase in Russian revenues against the backdrop of European fuel supplies. So, the Echos edition, citing Citi analysts, called the size & # 8211; $100 billion. They cite rising prices as the reason.

It is indicated that the amount is twice the transfers of 2021.

“And this is without taking into account income from oil, coal and other raw materials” and the embargo, imposed on Russia, he emphasizes. Thus, Moscow can celebrate the first victory in the “energy battle” with Europe. Even a decrease in fuel purchases will not affect income, because. prices compensate for the gap.

The French observer believes that the embargo has trapped Europe itself, and the President of the Russian Federation “wins”.

Earlier, Topnews wrote that about twenty European companies opened accounts in “Gazprombank” to pay for Russian gas supplies. And EU members have still not been able to agree on the size and terms of the embargo.

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Croatian president urges to prevent Finland and Sweden from joining NATO

Croatian President Zoran Milanovic believes that Zagreb, following Ankara, should prevent Sweden and Finland from joining NATO. The prime minister, who is having a “fierce dispute” with Milanovic, and the Croatian Foreign Minister do not agree with him

Zoran Milanovic

Croatian President Zoran Milanovic believes that his country should follow Turkey's example and try to prevent Sweden and Finland in NATO, reports AP.

According to the agency, Croatian Prime Minister Andrei Plenkovic does not agree with Milanovic; politicians have a “fierce argument” on a number of issues, including whether to support the application of the Scandinavian countries to join the North Atlantic Alliance.

According to Milanovic, before the Croatian parliament votes on the issue of NATO expansion, Zagreb must achieve changes in the electoral legislation of neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina. The president is pushing for electoral reform that would give Bosnian Croats a better chance at high-ranking positions in that country. He demands that Bosnia and Herzegovina “change the electoral law within the next six months and give Croats their basic rights.”

Plenkovic, reacting to Milanovic's words, suggested its position at the meeting of leaders of the countries— NATO members in the presence of US President Joe Biden, rather than refer the issue to the Croatian Parliament, reports Euractiv. The prime minister said earlier that he had cut off contacts with the president because of the latter's pro-Russian views.

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The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO is also supported by Croatian Foreign Minister Gordan Grlich-Radman. At the end of April, during a conversation with his Finnish colleague Pekka Haavisto, the minister said that Zagreb supports the alliance's open door policy and will support Helsinki if an application is submitted.

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Sweden and Finland applied to join the alliance on May 18, now they must be considered by the NATO Council. The discussion was supposed to start on the same day, however, according to the Financial Times, the talks broke down because of Turkey. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said earlier that he was not ready to support the entry of the Scandinavian countries into the bloc, because they imposed sanctions against Ankara and refused to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, whom Turkey considers terrorists.

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The US saw a chance to remove Turkey’s fears about Finland and Sweden in NATO

The White House is confident in its ability to resolve Turkey's concerns about Sweden and Finland joining NATO. Earlier, Erdogan called these countries a “guest house” for terrorists

Jake Sullivan

Turkey's doubts will be resolved and the NATO countries will unanimously decide on granting membership to Sweden and Finland, National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said during a briefing. It was broadcast on YouTube.

“We are confident that in the end Finland and Sweden will go through an efficient and effective accession process, that Turkey's concerns can be resolved,”— Sullivan told (CNN quote).

He added that he held talks with the Turkish side on May 18, and US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken will also meet with his Turkish counterpart. According to him, the presidential administration “very well” refers to the course of the negotiation process.

«The most remarkable thing in the free world, in the Western alliance, in NATO— it's that you have a noisy collection of states that all have opinions, all have perspectives, all have interests, but they also know how and when to unite and how to resolve any differences,”” noted Sullivan.

Later, Blinken met with Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Chavosoglu. After the conversation, the Turkish minister said that Ankara's fears should be taken into account “not in words, but in deeds.” He called it an unacceptable situation when a country that intends to become an ally of Turkey in the alliance imposes sanctions on it.

“What is the reason? Our fight against the PKK). They consider the PKK closer to themselves than to us. Is that something acceptable?,— Chavosoglu asked. He noted that this issue concerns not only Helsinki and Stockholm, but also other parties.

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Sweden and Finland applied to join the alliance on May 18, now they must be considered by the NATO Council. According to Turkish President Recep Erdogan, Ankara will not support these applications, since Helsinki and Stockholm refused to extradite the terrorists and imposed sanctions. He also called these states “guest house”; for terrorists and warned that without the extradition of PKK members to Turkey, applications would not be approved.

According to the Financial Times, Turkey has blocked the discussion of Finland's and Sweden's applications to NATO. Now weeks of “diplomatic tension” are expected between Washington, Stockholm, Ankara and Helsinki, the newspaper writes.

According to Sabah, Turkey offered Sweden and Finland a ten-point manifesto, its acceptance as a condition for approval of the application for NATO membership. In particular, Ankara urges them to avoid contacts with the leaders of the PKK, refuse to accept PKK members to the parliaments of both countries, speed up the procedure for their extradition to Turkey, and refuse “contrary to the spirit of the alliance” directed against Turkey. actions and recognize the PKK and its offshoots as terrorist.

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FT learned of Turkey’s blocking of negotiations on Sweden and Finland in NATO

Ankara prevented the consideration of the applications of the two countries to join the alliance. Erdogan said earlier that Turkey will not approve the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO due to sanctions and the lack of a clear position towards the Kurds

Turkey blocked the start of negotiations in NATO on joining the North Atlantic Alliance of Finland and Sweden, according to the Financial Times, citing a source.

According to the newspaper, NATO ambassadors met on Wednesday, May 18, to discuss the applications for joining the bloc, which were submitted by Helsinki and Stockholm, but Ankara did not give negotiations begin.

NATO declined to comment on information about the blocking of negotiations and cited the statement of Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg that “it is necessary to take into account the security interests of all allies.” According to him, the alliance expects to “work through all the issues and come to a quick solution.”

The FT notes that the delay caused by Turkey's actions calls into question NATO's ability to conduct an accelerated procedure for approving the applications of the two countries, as previously promised in the alliance. According to the newspaper, “several weeks of diplomatic tensions” are expected. between the United States, Turkey, Finland and Sweden on this issue.

All 30 countries must ratify applications for membership in the alliance— members of the bloc, but this process can only begin after NATO issues an accession protocol and formally invites Sweden and Finland to join the alliance, the publication points out.

The Scandinavian countries filed formal applications to join NATO on May 18, they should be considered by the Council of the North Atlantic Alliance.

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Two days earlier, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Ankara could not support this decision, since Helsinki and Stockholm refused to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and FETO, whom the Turkish authorities consider terrorists, do not expressed a clear position in relation to these organizations imposed sanctions against Ankara. He also advised Sweden and Finland to “not bother” attempts to negotiate with Turkey.

According to Bloomberg and the Sabah newspaper, Turkey put forward conditions in exchange for agreeing to admit Sweden and Finland to NATO. Among them— the recognition of the PKK as a terrorist organization in these countries, the return of Turkey to the training program for pilots of American F-35 fighters and the lifting of sanctions from it for the purchase of the S-400 anti-aircraft complex from Russia.

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Bloomberg learned about Turkey’s demands for the admission of Sweden and Finland to NATO

Ankara demands a return to the F-35 pilot training program, the lifting of sanctions for the purchase of Russian C-400s, as well as public condemnation by Sweden and Finland of the PKK banned in Turkey

For approving the inclusion of Sweden and Finland in NATO Turkey demands, among other things, the return to the F-35 pilot training program and the lifting of sanctions for the purchase of Russian C-400s. Bloomberg reports this with reference to several high-ranking Turkish sources.

Another condition— public condemnation by these two countries of Kurdish formations and the recognition of the PKK as a terrorist organization. Ankara also demands that Sweden and Finland lift restrictions on the supply of weapons to it, which have been in effect since 2019 due to Turkey's operation in Syria.

The interlocutors of the agency explained that Turkey's official consent to the return of Greece to NATO in 1980 is now is seen as a mistake that the Turkish leadership did not want to repeat with the Scandinavian countries (Turkey and Greece have disagreements over Cyprus).

Finland and Sweden decided to join NATO after the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. On May 17, countries submitted official applications.

NATO membership requires consideration of applications by the North Atlantic Council— NATO's main political governing body. After that, the agreement on the membership of countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries that are in the military-political bloc.

On May 16, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Ankara “can't say yes” for Finland and Sweden to join NATO. He explained this by the fact that the countries declared their unwillingness to extradite “terrorists” to Turkey. TRT wrote that Sweden and Finland refused to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party and FETO (a movement that arose around the ideas of Turkish writer Fethullah Gülen, which Turkey considers involved in a coup attempt in 2016).

Read on RBC Pro Pro Marathon for Brazilians: how Russians make money in Latin America Articles Pro Not everything can be replaced: without these IT services it will be especially difficult for business Pro Four Examples of Reverse Logistics and What Benefits You Can Miss Articles Pro China's lockdowns threaten a new logistics crisis. What to expect Articles Pro Gas supplies to the EU are falling. What will happen to Gazprom shares Forecasts Pro $170 million mistake: why Amazon tried to create an alternative to the iPhoneEarlier, Erdogan also said that Ankara does not consider the possibility of Finland and Sweden joining NATO as a positive. He noted that the Scandinavian countries serve as a “guest house for terrorist organizations”, referring to the Kurdistan Workers' Party. According to the president, its members live in Sweden and the Netherlands and are members of parliaments.

In turn, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö noted that Erdogan's statements “confused” him, because the Turkish leader told him by phone that he would accept joining the alliance. Niinistö also announced his readiness to discuss membership issues with his Turkish counterpart.

In addition, the leader of the largest faction of the European Parliament, Manfred Weber, threatened Ankara with isolation if it impedes the admission of new NATO members. “Anyone who questions the unity of NATO will be isolated within the Commonwealth,” — he said.

Russia and Turkey signed a contract for the S-400 in December 2017. The first deliveries began in July 2019. The United States opposed Turkey's decision and excluded it from the F-35 supply program. The Pentagon feared that as a result, Russia could obtain the data necessary to counter the F-35.

In December 2020, the United States also imposed sanctions against Turkey due to the purchase of the C-400, prohibiting the issuance of licenses and export permits Turkish Defense Industry Authority (SSB), which concludes contracts for the purchase of military equipment.

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Sweden and Finland apply to join NATO

The ambassadors of Sweden and Finland applied for these countries to join NATO. Putin said that their entry into the alliance would not pose a threat to Russia, but it would respond if the military infrastructure in these territories was expanded. .

Now applications for membership must be considered by the Council of the North Atlantic Alliance— the main political governing body of NATO. Then the agreement on membership of the countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries included in the bloc.

Sweden and Finland declared their intention to join NATO NATO against the background of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. Finland noted that the decision on membership in the alliance is not directed against anyone. According to President Sauli Niinistö, the country wants to “strengthen its security.”

The material is being supplemented.

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The political scientist assessed the chances of deploying NATO infrastructure in Sweden and Finland

The bloc's activities on their territory may be restricted

In mid-May, Sweden and Finland officially announced their intentions to join the North Atlantic Alliance, although both countries had maintained a neutral status for many years. Russian President Vladimir Putin noted that the entry of these countries into NATO does not pose a threat to Russia, but with the expansion of the bloc's military infrastructure, a response will follow. However, experts believe that military expansion may not happen, but much will depend on the development of the situation in Europe.

Photo: AP

In an interview with Lenta.ru, Andrey Kortunov, Director General of the Russian International Affairs Council, said that there is a conditional Scandinavian model of participation in NATO, which implies certain restrictions on its activities on the territory of member countries from Northern Europe.

As an example, the political scientist cited Norway, which was one of the founders of the bloc, joined it in 1949, but its entry into NATO was accompanied by restrictions on infrastructure, the presence of foreign troops in Norway, and joint exercises.

According to the expert, this also applies to other Nordic countries, including Iceland and Denmark. Kortunov noted that everything depends on the specific situation that develops for different countries. Thus, the political scientist added that the same Norway, against the background of changes in the general situation in the world, began to treat NATO activities on its territory and in its territorial waters more favorably.

The specialist believes that much will depend on the development of the situation both in Europe as a whole and directly in Northern Europe. Kortunov finds it difficult to imagine that Sweden and Finland will be pushed towards deeper integration into various NATO projects. According to the political scientist, everything will depend on the firmness of these states in defending their interests, as well as their readiness to show restraint in matters of concern to Russia.

The expert stressed that the member countries of the bloc have no obligations to deploy NATO forces in their territories. According to Kortunov, states have the right to independently determine the format of interaction with other members of the Alliance. Thus, the political scientist cited Turkey as an example, which, during the American intervention in Iraq, did not allow the United States to use the NATO infrastructure deployed on its territory.

The specialist concluded that in case of conflicts there is pressure, but there are also disagreements in NATO, and on the example of the Iraq incident, you can see that there was a split inside the bloc.

Read also:Turkey's disapproval of the entry of Sweden and Finland worried NATO.

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Three countries promised to help Finland and Sweden in the event of an attack on them

If Finland and Sweden are attacked on their territory before joining NATO, Iceland, Norway and Denmark will help them “by all means necessary”

Norway, Denmark and Iceland said they would help Finland and Sweden if they become targets of aggression before joining NATO. The joint statement is posted on the Norwegian government website.

“The security of Finland and Sweden is important to our security. Together with Denmark and Iceland, Norway is ready to provide assistance to its Scandinavian neighbors by all necessary means if they become victims of aggression on their territory before obtaining NATO membership, — Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Gahr Støre said.

He called what was happening a “tipping point”; in cooperation with the Nordic countries. Støre says the security guarantees provided by Norway, Denmark and Iceland send a “clear message”. “We will do our best to ensure that [Finland and Sweden join the alliance] quickly. I hope that Norway will be able to ratify the protocols on accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO very quickly,— added the prime minister.

He stressed that both countries have the right to continue the process of joining the alliance “without any attempts at outside interference.” The Nordic region poses no threat to anyone and will strive to live in peace with its neighbors, Støre said.

On Sunday, Sweden and Finland officially announced their decision to join NATO. Helsinki argued that membership in the alliance would strengthen the country's security and Finland's entry would make NATO stronger. In Stockholm, in turn, it was said that neutrality “served well”; government, but in the future such a policy will not be useful. They fear that they will be in a vulnerable position if they remain outside the alliance.

Russia says that the membership of Sweden and Finland in the bloc and, as a result, its expansion could pose a threat to the security of the region. Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov argued that the overall level of military tension would increase in this case, and there would be less predictability. “They should not have any illusions that we will simply put up with this, just like in Brussels, Washington and other NATO capitals,” — he emphasized.

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President Vladimir Putin called Finland's decision to join NATO a mistake, saying that there were no threats to the country's security. “Such a change in the country's foreign policy may have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations, which have been built in the spirit of good neighborliness for many years,” — he warned.

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Erdogan ruled out the possibility of saying “yes” to Finland and Sweden in NATO

Erdogan: Turkey will not agree to approve the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO Turkey's position on the entry of Sweden and Finland is connected with their lack of an “unambiguous position” towards the Kurds, whom Ankara considers terrorists. In these countries, in addition to them, members of the movement (FETO) live “Erdogan ruled out the possibility of saying yes to Finland and Sweden in NATO” />

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkey will not agree to Finland and Sweden joining NATO, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said, Anadolu reports.

“We cannot say yes” the accession to NATO of those who imposed sanctions against Turkey,— Erdogan said.

He noted that the countries have declared their unwillingness to extradite terrorists to Turkey. TRT wrote that Sweden and Finland refused to extradite members of the PKK and FETO, whom the Turkish authorities consider terrorists. Erdogan added that these countries have not clearly expressed their position regarding the members of these organizations.

According to Erdogan, the arrival of delegations from Finland and Sweden to discuss their membership will not change Ankara's position. “Let them not trouble themselves,” — he noted.

Last week, Erdogan said that Ankara does not consider the possibility of Finland and Sweden joining NATO as a positive. He noted that the Scandinavian countries serve as a “guest house for terrorist organizations,” referring to the PKK, banned in Turkey. He noted that its members live in Sweden and the Netherlands and are members of parliaments.

Finnish President Sauli Niinistö previously said that Erdogan's statements “confused” him, because he told him on the phone that he would accept entry into alliance. He also announced his readiness to discuss membership issues with his Turkish counterpart.

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According to Art. 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty, the parties “by common consent” can invite any other European state to join the alliance.

After NATO members invite a third state, accession negotiations begin, then confirmations of its acceptance of obligations are sent, protocols are prepared and ratified by NATO countries. After that, the Secretary General offers the new country to join the agreement, and the necessary procedures are carried out within the country.

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How will the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO affect the situation in Ukraine?

Russia promises to respond to the official steps taken by Sweden and Finland to join NATO. However, Moscow does not intend to do this immediately, but after assessing the threats that have arisen as a result of almost doubling its borders with the alliance

When Finland and Sweden join NATO

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson announced at a press conference on Monday, May 16, that the Swedish government had overwhelmingly decided to join NATO. Stockholm will submit the corresponding application together with Helsinki— Finland officially confirmed its intention to become a member of the North Atlantic Alliance on Sunday, May 15.

“We are now living in a dangerous time. Russia will not like the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO. Both Sweden and Finland must be prepared for difficult months, we say this not to create anxiety, but to draw attention. No one can rule out that trials are coming, even if they are not serious, — said Andersson.

Politico estimates that for the two countries, the process of joining NATO from application to approval could take only a few weeks, given the upcoming summit of the alliance, which will be held in late June in Madrid. As the publication explains, unlike the Baltic countries, which took years to begin to comply with NATO requirements and overcome the prejudice of a number of members of the alliance, the alliance has long had a consensus on Finland and Sweden. The fact is that both countries have a reputation as democracies in which the rule of law is respected, and the level of their military and military-technical training will help strengthen the bloc of 30 countries. Finland and Sweden's long-term cooperation with the alliance also means that they will not have to make great efforts to achieve the compatibility of their weapons forces with NATO forces.

For Finland and Sweden, joining NATO will mean that the fifth article of the Collective Defense Treaty will come into force in their respect. It states that if one state— a member of NATO is the victim of an armed attack, all other members of the alliance will take action as they deem necessary to help the country under attack.

For Russia, this means that the length of its border with NATO will more than double, mainly due to Finland— the length of the border with it is 1300 km.

RBC Pro Pro Without these IT services, businesses will have a particularly difficult time. Instructions Pro The risk of an eternal bear market is real. In which stocks to sit out the fall?On Monday evening, May 16, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he would not agree to Finland and Sweden joining NATO. “We can't say yes” the accession to NATO of those who imposed sanctions against Turkey,— quoted Erdogan Anadolu. The Turkish leader stressed that the arrival of delegations from Finland and Sweden to discuss their membership would not change Ankara's position. A week earlier, he stated that Ankara does not consider the possibility of the two countries joining NATO as a positive, arguing that they serve as a “guest house for terrorist organizations”, referring to the Kurdistan Workers' Party banned in Turkey.

< p>How Moscow's rhetoric has changed

In mid-April, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev wrote in his Telegram channel that in the event of NATO expansion at the expense of Sweden and Finland, “there would no longer be any talk of a nuclear-free status of the Baltic States,” and predicted a serious increase in the grouping of ground forces and air defense Russia, the deployment of significant naval forces in the waters of the Gulf of Finland. He also claimed that “Russia will have more officially registered opponents.”

On May 12, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters that Finland's entry into NATO “unconditionally” is a threat to Russia. “The next expansion of NATO does not make our continent more stable and secure”, — he added. On the same day, the Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement saying that Finland's accession to NATO “would cause serious damage to bilateral Russian-Finnish relations, maintaining stability and security in the Northern European region.” “Russia will be forced to take retaliatory steps, both of a military-technical and other nature, in order to stop the threats to its national security arising in this regard,” — stated in the statement.

However, on May 14, Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko said that “it is too early to say” on the deployment of nuclear weapons by Russia in the Baltic region in the event that Sweden and Finland join NATO. On the same day, a telephone conversation took place between Russian and Finnish Presidents Vladimir Putin and Sauli Niinistö. According to a report on the Kremlin website, Putin told Niinistö that Finland's decision to join NATO was wrong. The office of the Finnish president, in turn, indicated that Niinistö told Putin that Helsinki changed its position on joining the alliance after Russia launched a special military operation in Ukraine.

At the same time, Putin, speaking at the CSTO summit on Monday, said that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO does not pose a military threat to Russia. “As for expansion, including through new members of the alliance— Finland, Sweden: Russia, I would like to inform you, dear colleagues, has no problems with these states, and therefore, in this sense, expansion at the expense of these countries does not pose an immediate threat to Russia, but the expansion of military infrastructure into this territory will certainly provoke our response reaction. And what it will be, we will look, based on the threats that will be created for us, — he explained.

Can Moscow respond to the decision of Helsinki and Stockholm

The Washington Post indicates that the change in Russian rhetoric may be due to the fact that Moscow does not currently have the resources to respond to the actions of Helsinki and Stockholm. “Russia withdrew troops from the border with Finland to redirect them to Ukraine, as a result of which Moscow's ability to threaten Finland militarily was significantly reduced,” — publication approves. It also notes that Russia supplies Finland with a small amount of gas and oil, electricity (no more than 10% of needs), which allows Helsinki to pursue an independent foreign policy.

The Washington Post does not exclude the possibility of cyber attacks and the start of a hybrid war by Russia to change public opinion in Finland, but notes that Helsinki has enough resources to counter such actions. The newspaper also quotes a military expert, retired Finnish Major General Pekka Toveri, as saying that Russia “has no political, military or economic power”; over Finland.

The Politico publication even called it “bragging”; Russia's threats to deploy nuclear weapons in the Baltic Sea region, indicating that they are already deployed in Kaliningrad (Moscow has never officially confirmed the deployment of such weapons), and that Russia has already deployed a nuclear deterrence force on the Kola Peninsula.

Program Director of the Valdai Club Ivan Timofeev, in a conversation with RBC, did not agree with the thesis about the change in Moscow's rhetoric and the lack of resources for retaliatory measures in connection with the upcoming entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO. “I would not say that Moscow's rhetoric has become more peaceful. The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO is perceived in Moscow as a threat to national security. True, Moscow cannot stop the drift of these countries into NATO. It is inevitable against the backdrop of events in Ukraine. Another thing is that it is unlikely that any serious military escalation in the Baltic region will follow now in connection with the entry of these countries into NATO, on the one hand, and the concentration of forces in Ukraine, on the other. But in the long term, of course, this creates big problems for Russian security. I think that in Moscow they understand this very well,»,— said Timofeev.

How NATO expansion will affect the European security system

Stefan Wolf, professor of international security at the University of Birmingham, in an article for The Conversation, points out that Putin's attempt to fundamentally restructure the European security order and relations with the United States and NATO through the launch of a special military operation in Ukraine has backfired and, in particular, led to the expansion alliance. In his opinion, the refusal of Helsinki and Stockholm from the policy of non-alignment indicates that “neutrality as a status in international law and foreign policy position is no longer seen as a viable way for small countries to be outside the zone of great power rivalry.”

At the same time, changes in the European security structure will not be limited to NATO expansion, Wolf predicts. As an example, he cites the decision of Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova to apply for EU membership. Wolf believes that such decisions may take years to implement, but they will lead to a more serious split between East and West. In such circumstances, small states will have to choose sides. So, the expert recalls, Switzerland has already moved away from its neutrality in the issue of imposing sanctions and has synchronized its anti-Russian restrictions with similar EU measures. Iceland is following the same path

The deepening of the split in Europe and the rejection of neutrality as an effective approach to national security will also have an impact on the outcome of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. In particular, a neutral status for Ukraine, the possibility of which Moscow and Kyiv previously discussed during negotiations, will become an unviable idea against the background of Helsinki and Stockholm's refusal to do so in conditions when they were not attacked. “If neutrality is not discussed, then the space for negotiations between Russia and Ukraine is further reduced, and the likelihood that both sides will seek victory on the battlefield increases,” — Wolf sums it up.

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