Analysts from Germany said that the EU for the first time did not give military promises to Kyiv

Politico: in July, six European countries for the first time since the beginning of the NWO did not make military promises to Ukraine Experts from the Kiel Institute for World Economics from Germany note that a downward trend in the number of promises from Europe has been observed since April The leader in terms of military aid, according to the Institute, is the United States max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

< img class="aligncenter" src="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/3/56/756607844597563.jpg" alt="Analysts from Germany said that for the first time the EU did not make military promises to Kyiv" />

German self-propelled guns PzH 2000— part of military aid to Ukraine

In July, six major European countries for the first time did not make any new bilateral military promises to Ukraine, writes Politico, citing data from the Kiel Institute for World Economics (Germany).

Christophe Trebesh, head of the team that collects data on aid to Kyiv with the beginning of the special operation, noted that the downward trend in Europe's promises has been observed since the end of April.

“Despite the fact that [the special operation] is entering a critical phase, new initiatives to provide assistance have dried up”, — he stated.

On August 12, the Western allies agreed to allocate about «1.5 billion to Ukraine for military purposes, but Trebesh called this amount «minor» compared to previous promises. In his opinion, hundreds of billions should be sent to help Kyiv.

Trebesh indicated that the EU allocated €800 billion to the fund for recovery after the pandemic, and assistance to Ukraine should be comparable to this amount, but in reality Kyiv received “tiny” amount compared to this.

In July-August, several states made statements about the supply of weapons to Kyiv. In addition to the promise of 26 European countries, given on August 12, in July the European Union agreed on a tranche in the amount of €500 million. The United States also announced further military assistance to Ukraine. We are talking about at least four packages worth from $400 million to $1 billion (the amounts in euros are approximately equivalent).

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According to the Kiel Institute, Washington is the leader in the supply of weapons to Ukraine, from January 24 to August 3 of this year, the amount of tranches of military assistance amounted to €25 billion (it is important that the last tranche of $1 billion was allocated on August 8). Military assistance from EU institutions in the same period amounted to ten times less, namely €2.5 billion.

Among the EU member states, Poland provided the most support (€1 .8 billion), followed by Germany (€1.2 billion). Assistance from other countries is less than one billion. Among other states, the United Kingdom (€4 billion) and Canada (about €1 billion) provided significant support.

In July, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that as the West pumps more and more long-range weapons into Ukraine, the geographic objectives of the special operation will move even further from the current line (includes Donbass and southern Ukraine).

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Germany filled gas storage facilities by 75% ahead of schedule

Earlier, the German authorities adopted requirements according to which underground gas storage facilities must be filled up to 75% by September 1, up to 85% by October 1 and up to 95% by November 1< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1010xH/media/img/6/84/756605029929846.webp 1010w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 640px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 640px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Underground gas storage facilities (UGS) in Germany are 75% full as of mid-August, Klaus Müller, head of the Federal Network Agency (BNA), said on his Twitter.

The German authorities had previously adopted requirements according to which underground gas storage facilities must be completed to 75% by September 1st, to 85% by October 1st, and to 95% by November 1st. “The goal of the first stage has been achieved. <…> Next goal— 85% by October 1,” Müller wrote.

At the same time, in an interview with the Financial Times, Müller said that Germany should cut gas consumption by 20% to avoid energy restrictions in the coming winter.

On August 5, the EU approved a voluntary 15% reduction in fuel consumption this winter. The purpose of this measure— save gas for this winter to prepare for possible disruptions in supplies from Russia, which uses energy “as a weapon,” the EU explained.

Countries— EU members agreed to reduce gas consumption by 15% compared to the averages over the past five years from August 1 to March 31, 2023. In this regard, German Economy Minister Robert Habeck announced on August 12 that in the coming autumn and winter, public buildings in Germany will be heated to a temperature of 19 degrees, instead of the usual 22.

Chapter EC Ursula von der Leyen said at the end of July that Russia “deliberately chopped off” deliveries to 12 EU countries (she did not specify which countries). She blamed the energy crisis on Moscow and urged EU countries to prepare for the worst this winter.

The Kremlin, responding to German fears that Russia would cut off gas, had previously argued that Moscow “is very, very careful about its reputation, the reputation of a responsible supplier.” The Russian side associates the situation with pumping with sanctions.

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DWN reports failure of Germany’s attempt to negotiate gas from Qatar

DWN: Qatar decided to supply gas to Italy instead of Germany, despite the trip of Minister Habek The Gulf country decided to supply LNG to Italy instead of Germany, despite the trip of Economy Minister Robert Habek to Doha and his statements about an agreement with the Qatari side< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/7/77/756604683701777.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/7/77/756604683701777.webp 1200w" type="image/webp" media="(-webkit-min-device -pixel-ratio: 2), (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

An attempt by German Economy Minister Robert Habeck to negotiate with Qatar on the supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG) failed. The Persian Gulf country supplies gas to Italy instead of Germany, Deutsche Wirtschaftsnachrichten writes.

After a trip to Qatar, Habek said that Germany would receive gas from this country. However, this did not happen.

According to Focus, none of the major German energy companies (EnBW, RWE, Vattenfall, E.On and Lex Uniper) have since entered into a contract with LNG suppliers from Qatar. Some companies agreed only on additional supplies from the United States. For example, EnBW announced a contract with North American supplier Venture Global LNG, according to which the company plans to purchase 1.5 million tons of liquefied gas per year, but only from 2026.

According to German media, the Italian energy company Eni at the same time in mid-June acquired a stake in the Qatari LNG project North Field East worth $28 billion, making it the second largest shareholder after the French company TotalEnergies.

At the end July Habek admitted that the Qataris decided not to make a “good offer”.

The German minister traveled to Qatar and the UAE in mid-March to negotiate LNG supplies. Then he said that the Qataris would supply LNG to Germany.

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However, in early May, Reuters reported disagreements between Germany and Qatar over the length of long-term contracts. According to the agency, the German side did not want to agree to Doha's terms on signing contracts for a period of at least 20 years. In addition, the country imposes conditions that will not allow Berlin to redirect gas to other European countries, Reuters noted.

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Germany has not received a single report from the Russians who fell under the sanctions

According to the German sanctions legislation, the persons on the sanctions lists after the imposition of restrictions are required to immediately disclose asset data to the government. None of the Russians did this

None of the Russians sanctioned by the European Union provided the German government with information about their assets, as required by national legislation on the implementation of sanctions restrictions. This is reported by Reuters with reference to a letter from the State Secretary of the German Ministry of Economy Udo Philipp to the Bundestag deputy Christian Goerke, which the agency managed to get acquainted with.

“None of the Russians sanctioned by the European Union filed asset declarations, which is required by law. In Germany, they call for a tougher transparency regime, — notes Reuters.

According to the current legislation, it is necessary to inform the authorities about the existing assets immediately after being included in the sanctions lists. Penalties for non-compliance with this requirement range from fines to imprisonment for up to one year.

According to the German authorities, after the imposition of sanctions from the end of February 2022, the assets of “Russian oligarchs” were frozen in the country. in the amount of €4.48 billion, including funds in the amount of €2.3 billion in bank accounts.

“The German Central Bank, as well as the Federal Office for Economics and Export Control, do not received declarations»,— The agency quotes an excerpt from Philipp's letter.

The agency also cites the words of Deputy Görcke, who believes that monitoring of compliance with sanctions should be strengthened.

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“The duty to be transparent should also extend to those who do business with the oligarchs, such as notaries, brokers, used car dealers, art dealers, and banks. It is not enough to simply add the names of oligarchs to the sanctions lists. <…> The authorities have lost hope of ever tracking down and freezing their [the oligarchs'] assets,— Reuters quotes MP.

In mid-July, European Commissioner for Justice Didier Reynders reported that the EU had frozen the assets of Russian billionaires, individuals and legal entities subject to sanctions, in the amount of €13.8 billion. Most of the frozen assets— over €12 billion— accounted for five of the 27 European countries, but Reinders did not specify which ones.

Russian assets were frozen as part of the imposition of several packages of sanctions and the tightening of previously existing restrictions in the spring of 2022. In Russia, these measures are called illegal. According to Alexander Venediktov, deputy secretary of the Russian Security Council, “freezing Russian assets” this is one of the greatest thefts in history.

The Kremlin called the arrests of the assets of Russian businessmen a robbery: presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said earlier that Russian entrepreneurs were “robbed” as if in the Wild West, while they honestly earned their money.

A number of Russian businessmen who fell under European sanctions challenged the imposition of restrictions in the EU court. Among them are Roman Abramovich, Pyotr Aven, Mikhail Fridman, Alexei Mordashov and Alisher Usmanov. As Friedman noted, Western countries, when introducing restrictive measures, do not understand “how power actually works in Russia.” According to him, the distance between the Russian leadership and anyone else is “like the distance between the Earth and space.”

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Reuters reports first US oil tanker arrives in Germany

The tanker loaded crude oil off the coast of Louisiana in the US and offloaded it in Rostock, Germany, Reuters reported. German refineries are looking for alternatives to Russian raw materials due to the partial EU embargo, which will come into force in December 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/9/77/756600288733779.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/590xH/media/img/9/77/756600288733779.webp 590w" type="image/webp" >

Tanker Capricorn Sun < p>A tanker has delivered US sour crude to the German city of Rostock for the first time amid attempts by local refineries to find an alternative to Russian crude, Reuters reported, citing sources, analysts and vessel tracking data.

We are talking about the tanker Capricorn Sun. It loaded crude oil off the coast of Louisiana in the US and offloaded it in Rostock on August 3, the agency writes.

The tanker was delivering high-sulphur Mars Sour oil. This is the first shipment of this oil to Germany.

According to Jim Mitchell, head of oil research in the Americas at Refinitiv, in the past there were only “a few” US oil in Germany from the United States. deliveries of another grade— West Texas Sour.

German refineries are looking for an alternative to Russian oil in connection with the partial EU embargo. It will come into force in December and will affect sea supplies of Russian raw materials. Under the EU ban, not only oil in its pure form will fall, but also as part of mixtures— so-called blends.

This embargo was included in the sixth package of EU sanctions. The European Union expands restrictive measures against Russia in connection with the events in Ukraine.

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Taiwan’s ambassador to Germany urges Bundestag delegation to visit island

According to the representative of Taiwan, the current situation represents “the greatest potential for military conflict since 1996”, so the PRC's travel bans for officials of any state should disappear< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/590xH/media/img/4/59/756595730593594.webp 590w" type="image/webp" >

Taiwan's representative in Germany, Xie Zhiwei, amid tensions between the authorities of mainland China and Taiwan, invited the delegation of the Bundestag (German parliament) to visit the island. He stated this in an interview with the German newspaper Der Tagesspiegel.

“I propose that a delegation of the Bundestag headed by the speaker of parliament [Berbel Bass] go to Taiwan. This did not come from parliamentary factions, but from the Bundestag as such— as an independent legislative state body that represents the people and is not subordinate to the government, — pointed out the diplomat.

At the same time, he added that the current situation represents “the biggest potential for military conflict since 1996.” According to Xie Zhiwei, China's travel bans on Taiwan to any dignitaries of any foreign countries “should disappear.”

Taiwan declared secession from China during a civil war in 1949 . Beijing does not recognize the independence of the island and considers it its province. The administrative status of the region has not yet been settled.

Tensions between China and Taiwan have risen in recent weeks due to the visit of US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to the island. On August 2, Pelosi's special flight landed in Taiwan, despite all objections from Beijing. After getting off the plane, the Speaker of the US House of Representatives said that the main goal of the American delegation— support for “bright and dynamic” democracy in Taiwan. On August 3, the politician left the country.

In response to the speaker's visit, China announced the start of large-scale military exercises in the waters of Taiwan with “long-range combat firing.” The Chinese Foreign Ministry strongly protested and said that Pelosi's trip “greatly affected the political foundation of China-US relations, violated China's national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and seriously undermined the stability in the Taiwan Strait.”

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German Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock, a few hours before Pelosi's plane landed in Taipei, said that Germany was ready to support Taiwan in the event of a Chinese attack. “We do not accept when international law is violated and a larger neighbor attacks its smaller neighbor in violation of international law. This, of course, also applies to China,— she claimed. Germany does not officially recognize the independence of the island.

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Germany warns of the threat of closing the Rhine to shipping due to drought

The worst drought in Europe will cause the level of Europe's largest river to drop to 47 cm by the weekend, which is only 7 cm above the level possible for the continuation of navigation< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/4/92/756595799741924.jpg 1200w" media="(min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

The water level in the Rhine River is at a record low and is approaching a point where navigation will not be possible. This is reported by Bloomberg, citing a statement by the German authorities, as well as transport and energy companies.

According to the agency, the level of the Rhine may fall to 47cm by this weekend. The representative of the Federal Institute of Hydrology of Germany said that the level was record low for many decades, and if the river level drops to 40 cm, navigation on it will become impossible.

“Coal shipments are already limited due to low water levels because fewer ships are available and those that can still be used are carrying less cargo,” reported Bloomberg in the German energy company EnBW AG. They also pointed out that in connection with this, the price of transporting coal and, as a result, prices for the final consumer is growing.

Rhine— the largest river in Europe with a total length of more than 1.2 thousand km. It flows through Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, France and the Netherlands.

“With transport on the Rhine disrupted and alternatives such as rail and road looking increasingly expensive, it will be difficult for Germany and Switzerland to stockpile diesel fuel before temperatures drop,” Facts Global Energy analyst Josh Folds told the agency.

On July 18, the Joint Research Center of the European Commission (EC) reported that in the coming month, almost half of the EU is threatened by a severe drought. “Analysis of the spread of prolonged drought in the EU shows that 46% of the EU area is of serious concern in connection with the threat of drought. 11% of the EU is already experiencing problems due to lack of water,— experts indicated.

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Earlier, France and the Netherlands announced the introduction of a special regime due to drought. In particular, the Minister of Infrastructure and Water Resources of the Netherlands, Mark Harbers, said that “drought has led to the fact that national needs exceed the volume of water entering the country through rivers and as a result of rains.”

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The Prime Minister of Saxony spoke about the “bitter truth” for Germany because of Russian gas

Prime Minister of Saxony: Germany in the coming years will not be able to abandon Russian gas The German authorities must take into account that the country in the next five years will need gas supplies from Russia, said the Prime Minister of Saxony. Before the start of the military operation, he repeatedly called for the lifting of sanctions against Moscow< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/590xH/media/img/8/44/756592341694448.webp 590w" type="image/webp" >

Michael Kretschmer

Germany will need gas supplies from Russia in the coming years, Prime Minister of Saxony Michael Kretschmer told Die Zeit.

“We cannot do without Russian gas in the next five years,” — he thinks. According to Kretschmer, if the German authorities understand that the country still needs supplies, “this is a bitter reality and we must take this into account.”

Kretschmer said he was concerned about the impact of sanctions against Russia, imposed due to the military operation in Ukraine, on the German economy. The politician called for “pragmatism” in relations with Moscow and to the “freeze” armed conflict, stating that “a ceasefire will end the deaths and create an opportunity for the supply of raw materials.”

According to the Prime Minister of Saxony, the idea of ​​u200bu200bfinally isolating Russia or never cooperating with it economically plan, “absurd and dangerous.” “A Russia oriented towards China and having no ties with Europe is much more dangerous for us,” — he declared.

Kretschmer in previous years has repeatedly spoken out in favor of lifting sanctions against Russia. In 2020, he said that the restrictions were negatively affecting the German economy and leading to “alienation between people.” In April 2021, he visited Russia and spoke by phone with President Vladimir Putin, who “informed him about Russian approaches to resolving the intra-Ukrainian crisis.” The German Foreign Ministry warned Kretschmer not to “let himself be exploited by the Russian government” during the trip.

In June of this year, Kretschmer said that before restricting Russian gas imports, Germany needs to ensure reliable fuel supplies.

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German Vice-Chancellor Robert Habek, earlier Habek, approved the agreement of the EU countries to reduce gas consumption by 15% by the end of March next year, calling it « a strong signal to all those who mock the EU and those who despise it».

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CNN learned about Moscow’s request to include Krasikov, convicted in Germany, in exchange

CNN: Russia asked the United States for the exchange of life-sentenced in Germany Vadim Krasikov According to the channel, in the United States, the satisfaction of such a request was considered problematic, since Vadim Krasikov is serving a life sentence in Germany. Nevertheless, Washington clarified with Berlin whether they are considering such a possibility

The Russian side asked to include in the prisoner exchange with the United States former FSB officer Vadim Krasikov, who was sentenced in Berlin to life imprisonment for the murder of Georgian citizen Zelimkhan Khangoshvili, CNN reports citing sources.

According to them, the request was transmitted through unofficial channels of the FSB. Sources noted that for this reason and because Krasikov is serving a sentence in Germany, the United States considers it difficult to fulfill the request.

An interlocutor of the TV channel in the German government said that American officials nevertheless sent a request to Berlin to find out if Germany was ready to consider such a possibility. A United States administration official described the request as a “status check”; Krasikov. A source in Berlin said that the German authorities did not seriously consider the exchange of the Russian, and this discussion did not reach high-ranking officials.

According to several sources CNN, even if the extradition of Krasikov fails, Russia will most likely ask for two prisoners in exchange for the Americans Paul Whelan and Brittney Griner.

Khangoshvili was killed in Berlin in the summer of 2019. According to investigators, Krasikov rode up to him on a bicycle and shot him three times with a pistol. A Georgian citizen died on the spot, and a Russian was detained.

Krasikov was sentenced in Germany in December last year. The court agreed with the prosecutor's office, according to which it was not just about the murder of a Georgian citizen, but about the fulfillment of the “state order to kill on German soil.” Moscow has repeatedly denied involvement in Khangoshvili's murder. President Vladimir Putin called him a “separatist” who took part in the hostilities and one of the organizers of the terrorist attack in the Moscow metro.

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Germany decided to send tanks to Ukraine

Inhabitants of the eastern and western lands of Germany have different attitudes towards supplying Kyiv with weapons

Germany is providing additional support to the Ukrainian forces by supplying tanks. This move comes amid reports of permission to sell howitzers for the Kyiv army.

Photo: en.wikipedia.org

The German Ministry of Defense has decided to send 16 Biber bridge-laying tanks to Ukrainian forces, the ministry said on Friday.

“Biber will allow Ukrainian troops to cross water barriers or obstacles in battle,” the German defense ministry said in a statement. – Delivery of the first six systems will take place this year, starting in autumn. Ten more systems will appear next year.”

As The Guardian explains, Biber tanks are armored support vehicles equipped with a bridging system that can be used to help troops cross streams, ditches or other obstacles on the battlefield.

The announcement of the tanks being sent to Ukraine was taken a few days after it became known that Germany had given the green light to the request of the defense company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann to produce 100 Panzerhaubitze 2000 howitzers for the Ukrainian army.

While the Economics Ministry's legal move does not yet constitute a sale of howitzers, it was nonetheless seen as a significant increase in Germany's long-term support for Ukraine's war effort.

Following initial reports in Der Spiegel, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann confirmed that Kyiv ordered 100 howitzers from the company for a total of 1.7 billion euros, and that the German Ministry of Economics gave the necessary permission on July 13.

Germany has already sent nine Panzerhaubitze 2000 artillery systems to Ukraine from the warehouses of its own army, which have been put into operation in the conflict zone since the end of June.

In May, German Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht allowed the delivery of 15 Gepard anti-aircraft tanks with about 60 thousand rounds of ammunition. A Social Democrat politician said this week that five of these tanks have already arrived in Ukraine.

Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced a historic departure from Germany's pacifist stance on military spending in a February 27 speech, but faced criticism for not backing up the rhetoric with technology.

While public support for sending arms to Ukraine in Germany remains stable despite growing concerns about the gas crisis, opinions in the west of the country and in the eastern states differ significantly.

While 54-61% of respondents in a regular Forsa poll favored military support Kyiv since early May, only 32% of respondents in the east said in a poll this week that giving Ukraine heavy weapons was the right thing to do.

At a public dialogue in the southern city of Bayreuth Thursday night, Economics Minister Robert Habeck was booed by a group protesters holding placards with the word Kriegstreiber (“warmonger”). The “green” politician, who spoke out in support of sending weapons to Ukraine even before Russia launched a special operation, said that the majority of the German population was “resolute and united” in their position and that Russian “imperialism” would not stop in Ukraine.

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Kaczynski said he might not live to receive reparations from Germany

It could take a whole generation before Poland wins reparations from Germany, Kaczynski said. In Germany, the issue of reparations is considered settled “(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/7/36/756590928047367.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/590xH/media/img/7/36/756590928047367.webp 590w" type="image/webp" >

Yaroslav Kaczynski

Head of Poland's ruling party “Law and Justice”; (PiS) Jarosław Kaczynski said he might not live to see war reparations from Germany. He said this in an interview with PAP.

Kaczynski recalled that on September 1, Poland will present a report on the losses during the Second World War and name the amount of reparations that it requires from Germany. According to him, after the publication of the report, further steps will be taken— “in the right order and in accordance with a certain plan.”

“It will be a big operation. I hope that over time it will bring results, although I understand that this is a long time, perhaps even a whole generation will pass. I may not live to see it, but someday I have to start, — said the head of Law and Justice.

According to him, Poland must not give up its demands. “There is no reason why we should constantly consider ourselves as those who can be treated worse than others,” — Kaczynski said.

In recent months, he has repeatedly raised the issue of reparations from Germany. Natemat noted that politicians from Law and Justice they began to talk more often about reparations against the backdrop of the upcoming parliamentary elections in Poland, which will be held in autumn 2023.

In 2017, a special commission of the Polish Sejm on reparations estimated the damage caused to the country during the Second World War by Germany at $48, 8 billion. Then the amount was adjusted more than once, including adjusted for the changing dollar exchange rate, and it reached $850 billion. In 2018, Poland decided that the volume of expected reparations should be recalculated.

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Germany admits responsibility for destruction in Poland, but says reparations are closed. So, during his first visit to Poland in December 2021, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz called this issue legally settled. At the same time, he added that Berlin “wishes and is ready to continue to make very, very large contributions to the joint budget of the European Union,” Focus reports.

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Political scientist from Germany spoke about the termination of US world leadership

“America does not rule”

Despite the fact that in early June the US and the EU discussed a possible truce within the conflict without Ukraine, Washington representatives later stated that they did not intend to negotiate with Moscow to resolve the conflict without the participation of Kyiv. Political scientist from Germany Vladimir Sergienko is convinced that this indicates the end of the world leadership of the United States.

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In an interview with Sputnik radio, the expert agreed that Kyiv's allies could not agree on the current situation without Ukraine. According to Sergienko, Russia, in turn, is able to negotiate with anyone, both without Ukraine and without the United States. For example, as the expert noted, if the Russian Federation wants to, it will negotiate with Ukraine without America, and maybe even negotiate with the United States without Ukraine.

The political scientist gave an example that Russia had just reached agreements on food exports, in the discussion which were attended by Turkey, Ukraine, Russia and the UN. Sergienko wondered where the United States is and where the European Union is, stating that “there are none at all.”

The specialist admits that sometimes it seems to him that the United States understands that their world leadership has ended, their “ replaced” and now it has become possible to resolve issues without them. Thus, according to Sergienko, when the Americans say that they will not resolve the issue without Ukraine, there is a feeling that someone suggested that they do so. The political scientist emphasized that no one made such proposals to the United States, and they declare this for third countries that are used to the fact that “America rules”, although in fact it no longer “steers”.

Read also :Political scientist Romero stated the defeat of the West amid the easing of anti-Russian sanctions

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Germany approves sale of 100 howitzers to Ukraine

The German government agreed to sell Ukraine 100 howitzers made in Germany. This is reported by Spiegel with reference to an employee of the German arms concern Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW).

On July 11, KMW applied for the production of 100 Panzerhaubitze2000 howitzers at a price of 1.7 billion euros. Two days later, permission was received from the German Ministry of Economy.

In April, the Ukrainian side requested the purchase of howitzers from KMW. The concern immediately submitted a proposal for this.

An employee of the concern noted that the sale would be many times higher than the price for previous deliveries of this type of weaponry. Production will start as soon as possible. It is planned that all howitzers will be created in a few years.

Earlier, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev said that the US authorities continue to uncontrollably supply weapons to Ukraine, and the White House is trying to create a “new Afghanistan”, despite the failed experience in the supply of military equipment in the past.

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Germany delivered three Mars II MLRS to Ukraine

The promised multiple launch rocket systems have been handed over to Kyiv, said German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht. On the eve of the Ukrainian authorities announced the arrival in the country of self-propelled anti-aircraft missile systems Gepard ” alt=”Germany has delivered three Mars II MLRS to Ukraine” />

Mars II MLRS

Germany has delivered three MARS II multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) to Ukraine, German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht said, ZDF reports.

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“We keep our word,”— she said, adding that Berlin also handed over three Panzerhaubitze 2000 self-propelled artillery mounts and ammunition to Kyiv.

The head of the office of the President of Ukraine, Andriy Yermak, confirmed the arrival of the systems in the country in his Telegram.

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Germany announced the transfer of MLRS to Ukraine in June. Mars II— German version of the American MLRS M270 MLRS. As noted by ZDF, the system can fire missiles of different modes of action, such as guided missiles with a GPS system. Batteries with a combat load of 12 missiles are installed on tracked vehicles that can move at speeds up to 50 km/h.

Lambrecht also said that in September Berlin will transfer a Cobra-type counter-battery radar to Kyiv: “The contract has already been signed , now the training of the Ukrainian military in this complex system will begin».

On the eve of the Minister of Defense of Ukraine Oleksiy Reznikov announced the arrival of three Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft missile systems and ammunition to the country from Germany. According to the plan presented by the German government in June, the German authorities plan to hand over 30 Gepard systems and about 60,000 ammunition units to Kyiv.

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The German Ministry of Economy gave a positive opinion, but Chancellor Olaf Scholz is delaying the issuance of an export permit.

The Russian side believes that the supply of Western weapons to Ukraine is prolonging the conflict, but claims that they will not interfere with the achievement of the declared goals of the military operation (among them, Vladimir Putin called the “denazification and demilitarization” of Ukraine and the defense of Donbass).

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New Ambassador of Ukraine to Germany named

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It has become known who will become the new Ambassador of Ukraine to Germany instead of Andriy Melnyk, who was fired earlier. This is diplomat Aleksey Makeev.

According to the German TV channel RTL, the German Foreign Ministry will officially be notified about this in two weeks.

Makeev himself has been in the diplomatic service since 1996. He worked including in Berlin and Bern. The diplomat speaks German and English.

On July 9, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky dismissed Andriy Melnik, Ambassador of the Republic to Germany. The replacement of the diplomat in Germany will be announced later. He has been the Ambassador of Ukraine to Germany since 2014. Prior to that, Melnyk was the director of the department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the deputy minister of the country's cabinet of ministers.

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Revealed the plan of the coup in Germany

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Spiegel writes about the investigation of the attempted coup in Germany, which the group was allegedly going to stage this spring covid dissidents. According to the publication, the conspirators were detained, and one of them gave the investigation all the details of the strange plan.

According to the published material, the plan to change the government in the country was simple and absurd. It is alleged that the conspirators were going to arm themselves with Kalashnikovs and, taking the guards of the Minister of Health Karl Lauterbach by surprise, kidnap him. Further, in front of television cameras, they were going to issue an “arrest warrant” to the official and place him under guard.

“The kidnapping plan, code-named Operation Klabautermann,” was supposed to be a prerequisite for a coup in Germany, the result of which was to be the overthrow of the federal government “, writes Spiegel.

German Health Minister Karl Lauterbach Photo: en.wikipedia.org

It is reported that one of several detainees gave evidence (there could have been several hundred in total) – a 54-year-old former military man, now an accountant from Falkensee (Brandenburg). The suspect's lawyer told reporters that after the kidnapping of the minister, his client also planned to hold a “constituent assembly” to restore the “functionality of the German Reich”, which, instead of the current constitution, was to be based on a modernized version of the imperial constitution of 1871.

Further, as stated, were to follow the election of a new government. And in order to prepare the people for a change of power, the conspirators wanted for the first time to use the doubles of President Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Chancellor Olaf Scholz and other high-ranking politicians.

The next step in “Operation Klabautermann” is to cut off the power supply in the country to stop the dissemination of information in the media. As for the police and the armed forces, the negotiators hoped that the security forces would go over to their side.

The lawyer of the detainee also reported an unexpected confession of his client: in his youth, his client studied at the Higher School of Officers of the GDR and worked for some time in Russia after German reunification. As for the motives for the conspiracy, the lawyer believes that his client’s crime was driven by dissatisfaction with the political situation in the country and disagreement with the authorities’ policies during the coronavirus pandemic.

It is known that the man who testified was detained in the spring of this year at the same time as another several alleged accomplices. Another person involved in the case was caught trying to buy pistols and machine guns – the seller turned out to be an undercover agent of special services. The third detainee had already acquired a weapon at the time of his arrest. The investigation believes that the “conspirators” made plans and exchanged views at secret face-to-face meetings, as well as in social networks, in groups with the names “United Patriots” and “Day X Germany”.

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Bild learned about the risk of an emergency in Germany in the event of a cessation of gas supplies from Russia

Bild: German authorities allow emergency situations in winter if gas supplies from Russia are cut off Germany will face a gas shortage in winter if it is left without Russian gas, members of the government say. They stated the risk that Russia would not resume gas supplies after the Nord Stream shutdown for repairs

The German government allows emergency situations to arise in certain federal states, if Russia does not will fully resume gas supplies after repairs on the Nord Stream gas pipeline. Members of the Cabinet of Ministers discussed this topic at a secret gas summit at the invitation of the Minister for Special Assignments Wolfgang Schmidt, writes Bild.

To avoid emergencies, the country needs to increase the volume of gas imports from Russia to 40%, but the chances of the Russian side agreeing to this step remain low, the newspaper writes.

At an urgent meeting, the government stressed that gas prices will rise double or triple, and the state will not be able to fully cover the growth of citizens' expenses.

The gas crisis arose in Europe after the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine, when the EU countries imposed sanctions and decided to reduce dependence on Russian gas imports. German Vice Chancellor and Economy Minister Robert Habeck said that the country expects to achieve complete independence from fuel from Russia by the summer of 2024, when Russia's share will be 10% of the total supply. Despite this, the German authorities allowed companies to pay for Russian gas in rubles, as required by Gazprom. according to the decree of President Vladimir Putin. According to the scheme proposed by Moscow, the buyer opens two accounts with Gazprombank— currency and ruble. Funds for gas are transferred to a foreign currency account, then the bank itself converts them into rubles.

June 14 Gazprom reduced the volume of supplies via Nord Stream; from 167 to 100 million cubic meters m per day due to a delay in the repair of a turbine by the German company Siemens at a plant in Canada due to sanctions against Russia in response to military operations in Ukraine. The next day, the company decommissioned another gas turbine engine. Then the volume of pumping through the pipeline was reduced to 67 million cubic meters. m of gas per day.

The Vice-Chancellor then said that the reasons for the reduction in gas supplies are political, not technical. Khabek pointed out that Gazprom was not supposed to carry out repair work on the pipeline until autumn. He expressed fear that Russia could cut off gas supplies, and President Vladimir Putin is trying to put pressure on the market, raise gas prices in Europe in order to “ignite social unrest and destroy unity.”

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Deputy Russian Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko denied the political background of the Nord Stream shutdown. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov blamed the European Union for cutting gas supplies.

On July 10, the Canadian government allowed the turbine to be handed over to Germany following Habek's request. Minister of Natural Resources Jonathan Wilkinson explained that with the Russian gas supply cut off, the German economy would face “serious difficulties” and citizens could be left without heating.

July 11, the gas pipeline operator Nord Stream Nord Stream AG has suspended gas supplies for ten days. The company explained the shutdown with planned repairs.

The day before, the head of the German Federal Network Agency, Klaus Müller, said that German gas storage facilities were 65% full, but this was not enough to keep heating systems running in winter. “Much depends on whether the gas goes through the pipeline and in what quantity,” — he noted. At the same time, the politician urged the Germans not to panic, as Germany will be able to pump gas from Norway, the Netherlands and Belgium, and in the future— from liquefied natural gas terminals.

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Named the replacement of Scholz in the event of his departure from the post of Chancellor of Germany

“The German government understands the threat of social protests in the country”

The German publication Bild has published an article about the increase in taxes on CO2 emissions in Germany. Against this background, the inhabitants of Germany in the comments to the article rather harshly criticized the policy pursued by the government of Olaf Scholz, and even demanded his immediate resignation. The expert told who can replace the current chancellor if he leaves power.

Photo: AP

B In the comments under the material of the publication, the Germans accused the political elite of Germany of “hypocrisy and incompetence.” “We demand the resignation of the federal government,” wrote one user under the nickname jisi26. “It wreaks havoc.”

Another commentator noted that the German government is failing on all fronts and thus harming the population. “They (members of the Cabinet) don't even resign of their own free will, and there are no elections,” he added.

Other users openly accused Olaf Scholz of lying and demanded his immediate resignation. “Not my chancellor anymore! He will always be a liar,” said another netizen.

Moreover, the people of Germany expressed outrage at the fact that their country is forced to freeze due to solidarity against the backdrop of opposition from the West to Russia.

“Our chancellor is so tiring,” Bild readers concluded. “Scholz should vacate his chair as soon as possible.”

Readers of the German newspaper Die Welt, for their part, also called on the German chancellor to resign after he called the gas a “weapon of Russia.” Commentators stressed that the politician behaves duplicitously when he is surprised by Moscow's countermeasures in response to anti-Russian sanctions.

Meanwhile, before that, Scholz himself had repeatedly stated that he did not believe in the reduction of Russian gas supplies solely for technical reasons. The Chancellor also added that Germany has relied on energy resources from the Russian Federation for too long.

At the same time, according to the German political scientist Alexander Rahr, Olaf Scholz's position is still more stable than the positions of his colleagues in France, Italy and England.< /p>

“However, Scholz's authority is still falling,” Alexander Rahr comments to MK. – And if elections were held in Germany today, the chancellor, most likely, would be another politician. For example, the head of the opposition from the Christian Democratic Party (CDU), Friedrich Merz. In second place in the rating is the German Vice-Chancellor and Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habek from the Green Party.

The expert noted that the energy crisis, of course, can hit the German economy and society hard , as well as have a negative impact on the position of the authorities in the country.

“Today there is no state in Europe where the people would be 100% satisfied with their rulers,” the political scientist continues. – The German government also understands the threat of social protests in the country, so here they stopped talking about the “embargo” of Russian energy carriers, and, on the contrary, they hope for the duration of gas supplies from the Russian Federation. Everyone is afraid of winter, which can cause a lot of trouble to Germany and Europe.”

Recall that earlier several authoritative Western media agreed that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz risks losing his position due to the energy crisis that has broken out in the country. crisis. They also believe that the head of the federal government is not strong enough in foreign policy.

Thus, the journalists of the British edition of The Telegraph pointed out that Scholz, trying to please both the North Atlantic Alliance and Moscow, abandoned Kyiv and practically does not help him no help. Such actions of the chancellor could not but shake the authority of Berlin on the world stage.

Read the material “The probability of Scholz's resignation from the post of German chancellor has been assessed”

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Corriere della Sera learned about the blocking of Germany’s assistance to Kyiv for €9 billion

Berlin's objections are related to dissatisfaction with the fact that Brussels is offering Kyiv assistance at the expense of a pan-European debt. So far, Germany has agreed only with the first tranche of €1 billion “Corriere della Sera learned about the blocking of Germany's assistance to Kyiv for €9 billion” />

Christian Lindner

For more than a month, Germany has been blocking the provision of assistance to Ukraine for €9 billion, the Corriere della Sera newspaper writes, citing sources in Kyiv and Brussels.

The assistance provides for almost interest-free loans to Kyiv with repayment in 25 years from its own European debt obligations. Germany— the largest guarantor of these Eurobonds. German Finance Minister Christian Lindner objects to helping Ukraine, who is dissatisfied with the fact that Brussels is resorting to a pan-European debt for the sake of Ukraine. So far, Lindner has agreed only with the first tranche of €1 billion, which was to be transferred to Kyiv by July, the publication reports.

The EU countries approved the provision of financial assistance to Ukraine in the amount of €9 billion at the end of June.

Berlin's actions could be one of the reasons for the “nervousness” President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, which prompted him the day before to dismiss Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk, Corriere della Sera points out. Another reason the newspaper cites is Zelensky's fears about the intention of the German government to violate part of the sanctions against Russia in order to restore Russian gas supplies via the Nord Stream gas pipeline.

However, writes Corriere della Sera, Germany's objections to the aid package for Ukraine do not appear to be related to gas supplies and Berlin's attempts to “flatter Moscow”.

Meanwhile, Kyiv claims that it needs assistance in the amount of $5 billion, and it is possible that in September Ukraine will default on external debt of €900 million, the newspaper notes.

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In mid-June, Gazprom reduced the volume of pumping through the Nord Stream gas pipeline; in Germany, first up to 100 million cubic meters. m of fuel per day from 167 million cubic meters. m, and then— up to 67 million cubic meters m. The company said that they made such a decision due to the lack of a gas turbine for Nord Stream. German company Siemens Energy, which is under repair in Montreal. Its return to Russia was complicated by the sanctions imposed by Canada due to military operations in Ukraine.

In addition, from July 11 to July 21, Russia will suspend pumping through the pipeline for planned preventive maintenance. In Germany, they fear that the Russian side will then completely shut off the gas.

On June 8, Reuters reported, citing a knowledgeable source, that the decision to return the engine for Nord Stream has already been taken. First, the turbine is planned to be sent to Germany, which will then transfer it to Gazprom, which will allow Canada not to violate sanctions.

The Kremlin rejects “any hints”; and claims that Moscow is using energy resources “as a weapon of political pressure.” Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov claims that Russia is fulfilling its obligations and “still is able to guarantee the complete energy security of Europe.”

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Scholz announced problems with energy security in Germany for years

Germany will not be able to solve the energy security problem for several years, although it is already building pipelines, LNG terminals and changing laws. Authorities are preparing “for shortages, for example when it comes to gas,” said Scholz

Olaf Scholz

Germany's energy security problem will not be resolved for several years, Chancellor Olaf Scholz said in a video message posted on the government's website.

“We build pipelines, LNG terminals (liquefied natural gas. — RBC). We guarantee that it is stored in our gas storage tanks. And we ensure the use of coal-fired power plants to save gas, — added Scholz.

According to him, the authorities are striving for the country not to depend on oil, coal and gas imports in the long term and to increase the share of renewable energy sources. They are changing legislation for this at a pace “which has never been seen before in Germany, and which is necessary,” concluded the Chancellor.

In March, the German chancellor said that the EU did not dare to impose sanctions on Russian energy supplies, since it would not be possible to ensure the energy security of the union in other ways than at their expense. However, already in early June, a partial oil embargo was included in the sixth sanctions package. The ban applies to sea shipments and applies not only to oil in its pure form, but also to mixtures— so-called blends.

Against the backdrop of the imposition of anti-Russian sanctions by the European Union, annual inflation in the eurozone rose to a record 8.6% in June. Energy has risen most of all there— by 41.9% in annual terms.

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Against the backdrop of the crisis, the German authorities have repeatedly urged residents to save energy. Economics Minister and Vice-Chancellor Robert Habeck said that the country could only survive the winter with significant energy savings and full storage. He admitted that he himself began to save on his soul due to the limitation of Russian gas supplies and the risk of its shortage.

Earlier, on June 14, the Russian “Gazprom” notified the German side that he was going to reduce the gas supply from the planned 167 million to 100 million cubic meters. m per day due to the non-return of the Siemens turbine for the Nord Stream gas pipeline; refurbished from Canada. The next day, another gas turbine engine was taken out of service, which reduced the volume of pumping to 67 million cubic meters. m of gas per day.

The Russian company explained what was happening with a delay in the repair of Siemens units (it decided to leave the Russian market in May), which are being repaired in Montreal, Canada. It is difficult to take them out of there because of the sanctions. The Kremlin insisted on a similar version of the current situation, assuring that Russia remains a responsible supplier. Siemens considers the decision of “Gazprom” political. The same opinion was expressed by Khabek, who assumed that Moscow could completely cut off gas supplies.

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Spiegel learned that Germany had found a supplier of shells for the tanks promised to Kyiv

Ammunition will be produced in Norway. Germany promised to transfer 30 installations to Kyiv at the end of April, but the deliveries had to be postponed, as the German authorities could not get ammunition for them in time

Before the start of the Russian military operation, Germany refused to transfer weapons to Ukraine, but then changed its position. On February 26, Berlin decided to transfer 1,000 Panzerfaust anti-tank missiles and 500 Stinger missiles to Kyiv. In addition, the German authorities approved the transfer of 400 anti-tank guns produced in the country from the Netherlands and nine D-30 howitzers and ammunition from Estonia. Then, on April 28, the Bundestag approved the delivery of heavy weapons to Ukraine.

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The Globe and Mail learned about the proximity of Canada and Germany to the agreement on the turbine

The countries are close to reaching an agreement that will allow the return of the Nord Stream gas turbine to Russia. Ottawa and Berlin are negotiating with Kyiv, which objects to the circumvention of sanctions by Canada to Russia, the absence of which Moscow attributes its decision to cut gas supplies to Germany via the pipeline, writes The Globe and Mail, citing a senior Canadian official.

The engine of the German company Siemens Energy is being repaired at a plant in Montreal. Its return to Russia was complicated by sanctions imposed by Canada due to military actions in Ukraine.

Ottawa and Berlin are negotiating with Ukraine, which opposes circumventing sanctions in order to return the turbine, according to the official. He noted that all parties are working on a “positive solution” question. The Ukrainian Embassy in Canada, in turn, expects that the country will remain committed to the application of sanctions in full, the newspaper writes.

The newspaper's interlocutor claims that Russia has an extra engine that it could put into operation, but Moscow is using the turbine under repair as an excuse to put economic pressure on Europe. In his opinion, if the turbine is returned, the Russian side will no longer be able to resort to this excuse.

On June 8, Reuters reported, citing a source familiar with it, that a “positive signal” had been sent to the German government from Canada. According to him, the decision to return the turbine has already been made. First, the engine is planned to be sent to Germany, which will then transfer it to Gazprom, which will allow Canada not to violate sanctions.

In turn, the Canadian official said that the final decision has not yet been made, noting that Ottawa understands that Europe wants to return the turbine to replenish Russian gas reserves before winter. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz plans to visit Canada on August 22 and 23 to discuss LNG exports to Europe. According to a German official cited by The Globe and Mail, Berlin hopes the matter can be settled before this visit.

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The Kremlin on Friday rejected “any hint or outright claim that the Russian side is using gas or oil as a weapon of political pressure.” Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov claims that Russia is fulfilling its obligations and “still able to guarantee the full energy security of Europe.”

The Politico edition, in turn, reported with reference to a letter from the Minister of Energy of Ukraine Herman Galushchenko, dated June 23 and addressed to the Canadian government, in which the Ukrainian side asks not to exclude the turbine from sanctions. Kyiv reminded that Russia can pump gas in transit through Ukraine, but does not want to use it.

In mid-June, Gazprom reduced the volume of pumping through the Nord Stream gas pipeline; to Germany, first up to 100 million cubic meters. m of fuel per day from 167 million cubic meters. m, and then— up to 67 million cubic meters m.

In addition, from July 11 to July 21, Russia will suspend pumping through the pipeline for planned maintenance. In Germany, they fear that the Russian side will then completely shut off the gas. In particular, the Minister of Economics and the head of the German Federal Network Agency, Klaus Müller, did not rule out such a possibility.

The Kremlin, in response to Berlin's fears, assured that “Russia is very, very careful about its reputation, the reputation of a responsible supplier».

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Pushkov ridiculed Germany because of the promotion of the Ukrainian ambassador who insulted her

Andrey Melnik, video frame. source: social networks

The head of the Federation Council commission on information policy and interaction with the media Oleksiy Pushkov commented on the message that the Ukrainian ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk could be promoted in his telegram channel.

“Germany can be proud of its support for Ukraine: the ambassador who insulted its leadership is likely to be promoted,” Pushkov wrote.

Earlier, Bild wrote that, according to its information, Ambassador Melnyk could leave his post in Germany and become Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine.

From the lips of the Ambassador of Ukraine, insults were heard more than once, including against German Chancellor Olaf Scholz. However, as Bild wrote, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry said that Melnyk is very much appreciated in Kyiv “for his work” and are ready to consider the issue of his promotion.

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Siemens rejected Russia’s data on the reasons for the reduction in gas supplies to Germany

Siemens Energy called “very convenient” the reason given by Gazprom for reducing gas supplies to Germany. Such a significant drop in gas pumping volumes would not have occurred due to turbines being repaired, said Käser

The significant reduction in Russian gas supplies to Germany occurred for political reasons, and not because of the failure to return the turbine for Nord Stream gas pipeline from repair, according to the Russian side. This was stated by Siemens Energy CEO Joe Käser in an interview with Süddeutsche Zeitung.

«It is very convenient to involve a company that is well known in Russia— said Kezer.— Even if it were, it would never justify such a large reduction in gas flow.

The head of Siemens Energy noted that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz is reacting objectively and balancedly to the crisis, trying to mitigate the escalation. He pointed out, “This is a gift these days. Enough people are already excited.

RBC sent a request to a representative of Gazprom.

We are talking about reducing the supply of Russian gas to Germany, about which Gazprom notified the German side on 14 June. Gas supply fell from the planned 167 million to 100 million cubic meters. m per day, the next day another gas turbine engine was decommissioned, which reduced the volume of pumping to 67 million cubic meters. m of gas per day.

The Russian company explained what was happening with the delay in the repair of Siemens units (it decided to leave the Russian market in May), they are being repaired in Montreal, Canada, and it is difficult to take them out due to sanctions. The Kremlin insisted on a similar version of the reason for the current situation, assuring that Russia remains a responsible supplier.

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German vice-chancellor Robert Habeck, however, considered that the reason for the reduction in supplies was political reasons, not technical ones. He said that the repair work on the pipeline, which will affect the volume of gas supplies, should not be carried out by Siemens Energy until autumn and in any case will not affect 40% of the gas pipeline infrastructure. He announced additional measures to save gas in Germany, calling relations with Russia on the issue of supplies “arm wrestling”.

At the same time, the German authorities admitted that Russia could completely cut off gas supplies, Habek expressed this opinion at the end of June. “In reality, [Russian President Vladimir] Putin is gradually reducing the amount of gas,” — he said. Khabek believes that Putin intends to put pressure on the market and increase the cost of gas in Europe to “stir up social unrest and destroy unity.”

The Financial Times also wrote about the fears of German officials in Moscow's plans to cut off gas supplies, indicating that Nord Stream will be closed for approximately two weeks from mid-July for annual maintenance. Carsten Rolle, a member of the German business confederation BDI, explained in an interview with the newspaper that in previous years, Gazprom made up for the shortage of gas due to maintenance of the gas pipeline, sending more gas to Germany through Ukraine or through the Yamal gas pipeline; Europe» via Poland.

One of the FT's unnamed German officials spoke of fears that the deficit will not be replenished this year. “They have already reduced flows through Nord Stream 1” by 60% and did not compensate for this by increasing flows through other pipelines,— he explained.

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Vice-Chancellor of Germany admitted to saving on the soul because of Russian gas

Against the backdrop of limited Russian gas supplies and the risk of its shortage this winter, even high-ranking German officials have to make personal sacrifices

Robert Habek

German Vice-Chancellor, Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habek, in an interview with Spiegel, said that he began to spend less time in the shower for the sake of solidarity with the call of his department, which suggested using such household methods to save energy because of expensive energy carriers.

“I adhere to what my ministry recommends (energy saving.— RBC). I have significantly reduced my shower time. But I'm a bad example. As a minister, I have a salary that others only dream of. Besides, I come home late, get up at six and leave at seven. In winter, there is no need to heat at all. My Dutch colleague recently told me proudly that they want to campaign to reduce the average shower time from ten to five minutes. I felt funny. I have never taken a shower for five minutes in my life. I wash quickly, — he said.

Khabek acknowledged that the rise in prices due to the rise in gas prices and the economic situation that developed after the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine could hit the low-income segments of the population hard. “If you make a lot of money, you can handle rising prices. But I know many citizens who do not have enough money until the end of the month. There are people who did not heat all the rooms in their apartment last winter. And to be honest, it's not over yet. More people will suffer,— Habek says.

According to him, Germany is facing a shortage of gas in the coming winter, so all Germans need to cut energy consumption. “Gas consumption should be reduced wherever possible. Otherwise it will be difficult, — he emphasized. Otherwise, the authorities will have to make difficult decisions, the minister noted, in particular— cut gas supplies to some industries.

As early as March 30, Germany introduced the first level of the emergency warning regime in gas supply due to possible interruptions in supplies from Russia— it provides for the maximum reduction of gas consumption and constant monitoring of the situation on the gas market. On June 23, the level of emergency warning was increased by another step. The third, last level will be emergency, the gas market will be regulated by the authorities.

Against the backdrop of problems with gas supplies from Russia and fears of a complete overlap of Russian exports to Germany, various options for saving energy resources were proposed. In addition to reducing the time spent in hot water showers, savings on heating were among the proposals. And the head of the Association of German Trade Unions, Rainer Hoffmann, proposed introducing a temporary speed limit on German roads: up to 100 km/h on highways and up to 30 km/h in cities to save gasoline. The idea was supported by the Minister of Food and Agriculture of Germany, Cem Ozdemir.

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The Gorbachev Foundation denied reports about the export of the Nobel medal to Germany

The information about the export of the Nobel medal of the first president of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev to Germany is not true, RBC was told in the press service of the Gorbachev Foundation.

“The statement about the export of the Nobel awards to Germany is a slanderous insinuation, — said the press service of the fund. They reported that the ex-president in 1991 directed the monetary part of the Nobel Peace Prize to charitable purposes— in six medical institutions in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. The medal and diploma of the laureate are owned by Gorbachev, the Foundation noted.

“Currently, the Gorbachev Foundation does not have the opportunity to exhibit in one place all the objects and documents included in the collection of the Museum of Perestroika. Some of them are on display at the Gorbachev Foundation, some have been transferred to various Russian museums, the rest are in storage, — The press service noted.

Earlier, the Brief Telegram channel, citing a source, reported that “Gorbachev's daughter took her father's Nobel medal to Germany.”

Gorbachev received the Nobel Peace Prize on October 15, 1990. The Nobel Committee said in a statement that he was awarded “for his leading role in the peace process.”

Gorbachev was the last general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, he held this position from 1985 to 1991. In the late 1980s, he was Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, and in 1990-1991 he served as President of the USSR.

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Scholz called Germany’s mistake in relations with Russia

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz supported the policy of Angela Merkel in relations with Russia The current chancellor refused to condemn the policy of his predecessor Angela Merkel, noting that an attempt to negotiate peacefully could not be a mistake. Scholz considered it a mistake that Germany became dependent on Russian energy resources =”Scholz called Germany's mistake in relations with Russia” />

Angela Merkel and Olaf Scholz

Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel's policy towards Russia was not wrong, an attempt at peaceful coexistence cannot be, but Berlin's energy dependence from Moscow is a mistake, acting Prime Minister Olaf Scholz told DPA.

“An attempt at reconciliation can never be wrong, as well as an attempt to negotiate peacefully with each other. So I see myself closely next to my predecessor,»,— he said (quote from Welt).

According to him, a mistake has been made in the energy policy of Germany in recent years— Germany has become overly dependent on Russian energy resources, without creating the necessary infrastructure “so that in case of emergency it could quickly turn the situation around.” At the same time, Scholz refused to condemn Merkel's policy, saying: “I have always worked well with the former German chancellor and see no reason to question this in retrospect.”

Scholz also defends Merkel's decision to oppose Ukraine's NATO membership in 2008. Then she explained her position by the fact that only those countries in which the bloc is supported not only by politicians, but also by a significant percentage of the population should join the alliance. Later, Merkel said that Ukraine and Georgia, whose accelerated membership was decided at the summit, could become NATO members, but the time has not come yet.

“NATO membership criteria must be met by any state that wants to join an alliance. Ukraine's accession to NATO did not take place,” Scholz noted, stressing that President Vladimir Putin nevertheless justified the start of the military operation.

The dependence on Russian gas supplies and the country's ability to use this as leverage was warned in the United States as early as the 1980s. In 1981, the Reagan administration, in response to the introduction of martial law in Poland, tried to stop the construction of the main export gas pipeline Urengoy— Pomary— Uzhgorod, which was attended by European companies and banks. Washington imposed a ban on the supply of high-tech equipment from the United States to the USSR, and in 1982 tightened the embargo, banning the supply of products to foreign affiliates of American companies.

The European partners of the US refused to support these sanctions and declared them illegal. As a result of negotiations with representatives of European governments, on November 13, 1982, US President Ronald Reagan announced the lifting of the embargo on the supply of oil and gas equipment to the USSR.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Parallel imports: what goods can be imported from Turkey to bypass sanctions 4 More Types of Candidates HR Doesn't Like Super Mario Investment Principles p> The German authorities, after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine and the imposition of sanctions against Russia, including the supply of coal, oil, and so far only the ban on Russian gas under discussion, said that it was hard for the country to abandon energy resources from Russia. So, on June 13, Scholz, speaking at the EU summit in Brussels, said that the German government is doing everything possible to reduce dependence on Russian oil and gas as soon as possible, but there are “serious practical problems” with this.

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Germany began negotiations with Canada on the supply of Siemens gas turbines

Photo: flickr.com

The supply of Siemens gas turbines is being discussed by Germany and the government of Canada, Izvestia writes.

< p>BMWK spokesperson Susanne Ungard added that Berlin is in contact with the Canadian government regarding the supply of Siemens gas turbines.

“We cannot provide details,” Ungard said. .

Gazprom announced the shutdown of another Siemens gas turbine at the Portovaya compressor station operating as part of the Nord Stream gas pipeline.

The company's message says that from tomorrow day, the possible volume of deliveries through the gas pipeline will not exceed 67 million cubic meters per day.

Earlier, Gazprom said that “due to the untimely return of gas pumps by Siemens, units from repair” at the station “Portovaya” can be used only three gas compressor units, in connection with which the volume of supplies is reduced to 100 million cubic meters. m per day with a planned volume of 167 million cubic meters. m per day.

Siemens Energy later announced that they were discussing with the authorities of Canada and Germany the problem of returning turbines to the Russian Federation. It was pointed out that the turbine was being overhauled in Montreal, and due to Canadian sanctions, Siemens “cannot ship repaired turbines to the customer.”

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Germany decided to help export Ukrainian grain by rail

The German authorities are discussing the creation of a monetary fund to accelerate the export of Ukrainian grain by rail. The German government believes that in this way it will be possible to export only 10 million tons ” alt=”Germany decided to help export Ukrainian grain by rail” />

Germany intends to help with the accelerated export of Ukrainian grain to the EU by rail. Michael Theurer, commissioner of the German government for rail transportation, told Handelsblatt newspaper about this.

“We are doing everything possible to ensure that grain can be transported from Ukraine by rail to prevent global famine,”— he said.

According to the politician, the German authorities are considering the possibility of creating a fund for the purchase of new containers for grain. Also in Berlin, they allow the provision of assistance with terminals for reloading grain at the Ukrainian border. Theurer believes that out of 23 million tons of grain stored on the territory of Ukraine, 10 million will be able to be exported in this way. about 25 million tons of grain are blocked in the country, and by autumn this volume will increase to 75 million. According to him, Ukraine can export up to 10 million tons of agricultural products per month through ports, and by rail 2 million tons.

In May, the Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine Mykola Solsky said that due to the blockade of the country's seaports, 7 million tons of wheat, 14 million tons of corn grain, 3 million tons of sunflower oil and 3 million tons of sunflower cake did not enter the world market.

Ukraine accuses Russia of blocking courts. The authorities of the United States and a number of other countries believe that the Russian military operation has led to an aggravation of the food crisis. Moscow, in turn, claims that the reason for the blockade of grain supplies was “illegal actions”; West, which must be canceled to resume exports. The Russian authorities also claimed that Ukrainian ports and the water area near them were mined and merchant ships could be blown up.

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On June 12, Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine Dmitry Senik said that Kyiv had developed two routes for grain exports, they pass through Poland and Romania. “These routes are not ideal because they create certain congestion, but in the meantime we are doing our best to develop them,” — he told Reuters. According to Senik, Ukraine is also discussing the creation of a third corridor through the Baltic countries.

Russian President Vladimir Putin believes that the easiest way— export of Ukrainian grain through the territory of Belarus, and from there— to the Baltic ports, to the Baltic Sea, further & mdash; to anywhere in the world. Zelensky rejected this idea.

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Business Insider learned about Spain’s apologies to Germany for tanks for Kyiv

The Spanish authorities apologized to the German federal government after media reports about plans to supply Ukraine with up to 40 old German Leopard tanks, Business Insider reports, citing sources in the German ruling circles.

According to the publication , the news of a possible transfer to Kyiv of self-propelled armored vehicles purchased from Germany in the 1990s excited Berlin because of the sensitivity of the situation for him: this would be the first time that a NATO country would send tanks to Ukraine. This subjected Chancellor Olaf Scholz to increased pressure.

According to sources, now the Spanish authorities are ready to supply Ukraine with no more than ten combat armored vehicles, moreover, in need of repair. In addition, the transfer of Leopard to the Ukrainian side, according to the clauses in the contracts, will in any case have to be coordinated with the German government, Business Insider points out.

The material is being supplemented

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