What details have become known about the murder of Patrice Lumumba?

Belgium announced that on June 20 the remains of Patrice Lumumbawill be returned to relatives of the former Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which was kept by one of the assassins of the politician, former commissioner of the Belgian police Gerard Soete .

Who is Patrice Lumumba?

Patrice Lumumba — Congolese politician, leader of the movement for the independence of the Congo from Belgian colonialism and the leader of the National Movement of the Congo party since its foundation in 1958 . During the mass protests in the Congo in 1959 which led to the country declaration of independence, Lumumba was arrested, but under pressure from the protesters, he was released and included in the delegation for negotiations with the Belgian government . After gaining independence and holding the country's first elections in May 1960, he became Prime Minister.

As a result of the Congo crisis and a military coup organized by Colonel Mobutu with the support of Western countries, he was arrested and killed in January 1961 . The involvement of foreign countries in the murder of Lumumba has long been denied in the West as “Soviet propaganda” and was only recognized decades later.

The vibrant political life and the tragic death of Patrice Lumumba made him a hero and one of the symbols of the struggle of the African peoples with Western colonialism.

What caused the Congo crisis?

Despite the recognition of independence, Belgium sought to maintain control over the former colony, primarily over the key province of Katanga, rich in deposits of copper, tin, uranium, cobalt, radium and diamonds. In July 1960, Belgium sent troops ostensibly to protect its citizens from violence, and the Belgian navy shelled Matadi, the country's main seaport, resulting in civilian casualties. Most of the Europeans fled to the province of Katanga, which, with the support of the Belgian army and foreign mercenaries, announced the separation from the Congo.

The government of the Congo sent a protest to the United Nations, which adopted a resolution on the immediate withdrawal of Belgian troops and the introduction of a peacekeeping contingent. However, despite Lumumba's visits to the UN and the USA, neither the UN nor the Western countries were in a hurry to provide real support against the Belgian intervention. As a result, Lumumba turned to the USSR and African countries for support. This was perceived by the United States as a threat, and in in November 1960, a military coup was organized by the Chief of General Staff, Colonel Mobutu, with the support of Western intelligence agencies.

The ensuing civil war in the Congo, which is called the proxy war between the US and the USSR during the Cold War, claimed more than 100,000 people. lives.

What is known about Partis Lumumba's death?

Patrice Lumumba was blockaded in  his house, which was guarded on the one hand by UN peacekeepers who prevented the arrest of Lumumba, and c on the other — troops loyal to Mobutu. In  December 1960, the UN General Assembly recognized the new authorities of the Congo, after which Lumumba left the capital with  several political associates and family and went to supporting regions. In the village of Lodi, Mobutu's soldiers seized his wife and younger child, for the sake of whom he surrendered himself to captivity. Since the Congolese soldiers were sympathetic to the deposed prime minister and hesitant with a new government, on order the last Belgian Minister of Colonies, Comte d’Apremont Linden, January 17, 1961, Lumumba was transferred to the province of Katanga.

There, Katangese and Belgian officers tortured Lumumba and his associates, after which they secretly shot them. An investigation completed in Belgium already in the 21st century found that President of Katanga Moise Tshombe was present at the executionand two other ministers, and also four Belgian officers. The bodies of the executed were thrown into an unmarked grave, but due to fear of publicity, they dug up and transported them to the border with Northern Rhodesia. To further cover up the murder, Belgian gendarmerie officer Gerard Soete and his team re-dug up the corpses, dismembered and dissolved them in sulfuric acid.

Officially, his death was announced on the radio on February 13: it was alleged that Lumumba was killed by angry villagers three days after escaping from prison.

A group of soldiers of Colonel Mobutu hold Patrice Lumumba. Photo: www.globallookpress.com/imago stock&people via www.imago

Who was involved in Lumumba's murder?

In 1999, Gerard Soete confessed to his participation in the murder of Patrice Lumumba and assisted in the concealment of the remains. A Belgian police officer died in 2000 and s s s suffering responsibility for the political assassination. In February 2002, the Belgian government officially apologized to the Congolese people and acknowledged the “moral responsibility” and  "an irrefutable part of the responsibility for the events that led to the death of Lumumba".

The 2001 Belgian Commission of Inquiry report also describes previous US attempts to assassinate Lumumba, which were sanctioned byUS President Dwight Eisenhowerin 1960  In 2013, the US State Department acknowledged this.  Journalistic investigations indicate that CIA station chief Larry Devlin assisted in the search and transport of Lumumba to Katanga, and the head of the CIA base in Elizabethville (the capital of Katanga) was in direct contact with  by assassins on the night Lumumba was killed. John Stockwell, CIA officerin the Congo, then CIA station chief, wrote in 1978 that a CIA agent kept Lumumba's body in the trunk of his car to help get rid of him. At the same time, the CIA feared that the newly elected President John F. Kennedy would release Lumumba — because the African politician was assassinated three days before Kennedy's inauguration.

Also in June 2001, documents were made public about the possible involvement of the British MI6 in the assassination of an African politician. In April 2013, in a letter to London Review of Books, British MP David Lee reported that MI6 officer Daphne Parkshortly before her death in March 2010, she confirmed to him her participation in organizing Lumumba's assassination.

What happened to Lumumba's remains?

Remains of a politician — several teeth and fragments of finger bones — were taken to Belgium by Gerard Soete among the “hunting trophies” from Africa. Subsequently, they were inherited by their daughter Soete. The bones of the politician were found by the federal prosecutor's office during a search in 2016 and are now in the Palace of Justice in Brussels.

The transfer of the remains to the Congolese authorities and Lumumba's family is scheduled for June 20, 2022  ;of the year. The Belgian authorities said that the transfer will take place as part of an official ceremony at the Egmont Palace.

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Black Thought – Dostoyevsky Lyrics (feat. Rapsody)

[Verse 1: Black Thought]
Yeah, the universe let the planets align
Spent 10k and the card didn’t decline
Bartender, one Casamigos and lime
I’m celebrating gracefully, getting better with time
I ain’t even halfway through this incredible ride
But like, I’m kind of doing an incredible job
When I was eighteen living beyond my means
I was afraid of my dreams, looking at the finer things
Wishing I could l flip to a microchip from a paper clip
Upgrade to a spaceship from a basic whip
Cash rules everything, I just wanted a taste of it
Fast food hurrying, saving time, not wasting it
Self-saboteur, speaking it to my paramour
Torch rappers like I’m igniting the aerosol
Maintaining the wherewithal that embarrass y’all
Game-changer, the way I shredded your cabbage off
Explaining is changing apples to applesauce
When we were young, innocence was ours, but that was lost
Where I reside is the dark side of the glory
The fury I manipulate is the arc of the story
Written without a ghostwriter to author it for me
This is crime and punishment, I’m the judge and the jury
Listen, Dostoyevsky

[Verse 2: Rapsody]
I swam with crocs, fished with sharks
May never pop charts, but I know I’m popular
I was built to run the game, I came up playing guard
With young niggas between 5’5″ and 6 foot 4
I banked over both, tryna bank over some more
And ball out in something gorgeous that’ll keep me in court
Where they’ll judge like y’all does, y’all don’t know me enough
Y’all still owe us for what all y’all did to the Cold Crush
To my donuts, I’m shooting J Dillas and what
I wanna cop when I get loot and recoup
I had to go through hella doors so in short that’s why I only want two
But I ain’t got Jay number, I CC ’em the proof
‘Cause everything I pictured in my head has always come true

They say you need vision to see eye to eye with the Druids
Spent 25 hundred on sheep skin, let it seep in
I ain’t turn starboy in a weekend
It took more like 7 years, make a sane man drink Everclear
It ain’t ever clear if we ever guaranteed a year
Fruits of your labor, huh, you work hard to get it
Jamla stitched on the motherf*cking ROC fitted
Before the big lights it had to start with the scrimmage
Know that it’d come sooner or later, I’m Trae Young, nigga
Huh, I’m Trae Young, nigga

[Verse 3: Black Thought]
Uh, I said Dostoyevsky meets Joe Pesci
Tired of staring at a glass half empty
Turning me from Dr. Sebi to cocking semi
It got me clutching my machete from the Serengeti already
Wild Styles and Fab Five Freddy
I’m a stranger in Moscow, don’t ask how deadly is the ummah
Patrice Lumumba, Kwame Nkrumah
To the Tripoli shores from the halls of Montezuma
Stop intruder, I’m built on facts, I’m not your rumor
A malignant tumor, slid through in a suede Puma
The steady heavy legendary, all praise is overdue
Same cloth as the chosen few, rap Noble Drew
I guarantee you know more music by the suckers
It’s not a victimless crime if anybody suffers
In a system that was designed for them to try to cuff us
Well, what’s the use of ’em trying when can’t nobody touch us?
Unless it’s fabricated, probably drug related
But love or hate it, I will not be subjugated
When they screamin’ “You the greatest that did it,” what’s underrated?
As if every other player who spit it was unrelated
If every man’s a temple, the circumstance is simple
So to be transcendental, I do enhance the mental
This is elder statesmen conversation
Take a look into them books from down in the basement, yeah