Blinken estimated the damage to Russia from the G7 ban on gold imports

Blinken: Russia will lose about $19 billion annually from the G7 ban on gold imports The US Secretary of State stressed that the sanctions already imposed on Russia are seriously affecting its economy. Following the summit in Germany, the G7 plans to announce a ban on Russian gold imports were announced by American leader Joe Biden

Anthony Blinken

The losses of the Russian economy from the ban on Russian gold imports by the G7 countries will amount to about $19 billion a year, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said in an interview with CNN. “This is the second most profitable export item after energy resources,” — he said.

Russia— one of the world's largest exporters of gold. According to the Ministry of Finance, in 2021, Russian gold mining companies produced 346.4 tons of gold. Of these, 302.2 tons were exported and, according to FCS statistics, brought Moscow $17.4 billion.

The head of the State Department called the effect of the sanctions already imposed against Russia because of the special operation in Ukraine “colossal”. “What we have been doing since the beginning, these unprecedented sanctions and export restrictions are having a significant impact on Russia even with oil revenues amid rising prices. She can't spend this money because of export restrictions,” — Blinken explained. According to him, as a result, over time, Moscow will lose the tools for mobilizing the defense sector, technology and resource extraction. noted the Secretary of State.

On June 25, US President Joe Biden announced that the G7 countries (USA, UK, Germany, Canada, France, Italy and Japan) would announce a ban on Russian gold imports. G7 Summit takes place from 26 to 28 June in Germany. The UK government has indicated that the value of gold for Russian elites has grown in recent months due to demand from big businessmen who are trying to avoid the financial consequences of international sanctions.

The EU said it was ready to consider joining the G7 in ban on the import of Russian gold. The head of the European Council, Charles Michel, stressed that the restrictions should be studied for damage to the EU economy.

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The Russian authorities have repeatedly called the sanctions imposed because of the special operation illegitimate and emphasized the harm of restrictions for those states that impose them.

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Matvienko announced Russia’s unwillingness to “engage in boltology” with Ukraine

According to the speaker of the Federation Council, Moscow is ready to negotiate with Kyiv “on realistic terms”, which are known. “Clearly and clearly stated our conditions must be accepted,” she said

Valentina Matvienko

Russia is ready to negotiate with Ukraine “on realistic terms”, said Federation Council Speaker Valentina Matvienko in an interview Belarusian TV channel STV.

“They [the conditions] are known. We also announced them publicly. These are the conditions that have been declared for the purpose of a special military operation, and, of course, Russia will not negotiate under any other conditions, because it is Ukraine that has crossed the red line, — Matviyenko said when asked what conditions are needed to resume the negotiation process.

According to her, Western countries, if they wish, could “seat Kyiv at the negotiating table and force them to reach peace agreements”, but they had “completely different goals, different tasks.” Nevertheless, Moscow did not shy away from negotiations with Kyiv, the speaker noted.

She is convinced that “not Russia is at war”, but the West and NATO “at the hands of Ukrainians are at war with Russia”. Moscow had to do everything to defend itself.

Returning to the negotiations, the chairman of the Federation Council stressed that Russia was not ready to “engage in boltology”. Negotiations should not be “declarative”. “Clearly and distinctly stated our conditions must be accepted. And this will become the basis for negotiations, during which the nuances and so on can be clarified, — she added.

Matvienko called the President of Ukraine “a puppet in the hands of the United States”, who is not allowed to negotiate, but “ordered to fight”.

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“This is not a pro-Ukrainian president, that this is a president who does not think about the fate of his country, which is already destroyed and continues to crumble. <…> In order to preserve peace, tranquility, the lives of his citizens, he was obliged to sit down at the negotiating table and look for mutually acceptable solutions, taking into account the already existing realities, — concluded the speaker.

The Russian side had previously insisted on the demilitarization and denazification of the neighboring country, as well as on its non-bloc and non-nuclear status. The parties suspended negotiations in May. The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Sergey Lavrov, blamed Kyiv for this, which, in his words, “was poked by the Americans, the British primarily, because it is the Anglo-Saxons who are now in charge.” there. He doubts that Ukraine will return to the negotiation process in the near future. Kyiv at the same time allowed the resumption of negotiations with Russia in August. According to the head of the Ukrainian delegation, David Arakhamia, Ukraine is preparing a counteroffensive, which will strengthen its position in the negotiations. He ruled out resuming the dialogue in the current situation.

Matvienko, speaking about the sanctions, said that “this is a serious attempt to maintain the hegemony of the United States, an attempt by the countries of the West, this is a struggle for this hegemony, which means that the collective West should decide how to develop, in which direction to move.” So, “without trial, without investigation” part of the currency reserves of the Bank of Russia was frozen, the accounts of Russians and Belarusians are being blocked “on an ethnic basis”. “This is discrimination, this is genocide,” — she thinks.

According to her, “discredit” dollar and euro forces Russia to get rid of “unreliable currencies”, switching to settlements in national currencies. “And in general, today the Russian Federation, both with Belarus and with other states, is increasingly switching to payment in national currencies. But this movement must be phased, smooth, gradual, so as not to harm, so that there is a return from such a transition, — added the speaker of the Federation Council.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, commenting on the freezing of part of the Russian reserves, stated that “illegitimate actions” West “draw a line under the reliability of the so-called first-class assets.” In his opinion, by their actions, the US and the EU have actually declared “a real default on their obligations to Russia.” “Now everyone knows that financial reserves can simply be stolen,” — Putin spoke.

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Swiss customs reveals 18 violations of sanctions against Russia

The Swiss authorities have identified 18 cases of violation of the sanctions imposed against Russia because of the military operation in Ukraine. It is reported by Bloomberg with reference to the Federal Office for Customs and Border Security. The department did not give details.

The country, despite its neutral status, decided to join the restrictive measures that the European Union introduced against Russia. On June 10, Switzerland supported the sixth EU sanctions package, which includes a partial embargo of Russian oil, as well as imposing financial restrictions and banning 100 people from entering. Among them are citizens of Russia and Belarus — military personnel, politicians, businessmen, “persons involved in the dissemination of disinformation.”

Now the European Union is preparing the sixth package of sanctions. According to Reuters, Russian gold may be included in it.

On June 21, Bloomberg, citing Swiss customs data, reported that Switzerland had imported Russian gold for the first time since the beginning of the Russian military operation. About 3 tons of metal were imported into the country from Russia, which accounted for 2% of all gold imports. The agency noted that most enterprises refused to accept Russian metals after the London Bullion Market Association deprived six Russian plants of the status of suppliers of gold and silver.

The Swiss Federal Office for Customs and Border Protection later clarified that the gold of Russian origin arrived in the country from the UK. The agency did not disclose data on importers for legal reasons, but announced a check for compliance with existing sanctions.

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Turkey vows not to join sanctions against Russia

Erdogan's representative Kalin: Turkey does not intend to join sanctions against Russia According to Erdogan's representative, Turkey periodically receives Western requests for anti-Russian sanctions, but Ankara protects its interests and does not intend to impose sanctions against Russia

Turkey does not intend to join the sanctions that the West has imposed on Russia, Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin said on the air of the Haberturk TV channel.

According to him, Turkey periodically receives requests from the West regarding the need for sanctions against Russia, however, Ankara “adheres to a policy of balance.”

“We do not impose sanctions [against Moscow] and will not be connected to them. We must protect our interests. If everyone destroys the bridges, who will end up talking to Russia? Our economic relations with Russia are of such a nature that the imposition of sanctions will cause more damage to the Turkish economy than to Russia. We have taken a clear position [on the issue of sanctions]. In the West, it was accepted, & mdash; Erdogan's spokesman said.

Besides, Kalyn continued, Western sanctions have not pushed Russia to the negotiating table, on the contrary: “[Russian President Vladimir] Putin has further strengthened his position inside, and the ruble has recovered economically.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a special military operation in Ukraine on the morning of February 24. According to him, the purpose of the operation — “demilitarization and denazification” Ukraine, as well as protecting the population from “genocide” in Donbass. Ukraine, in response, introduced martial law and announced mobilization.

Since the beginning of the conflict, the Turkish authorities have called on the parties to peace talks. So, at the end of March, the last face-to-face meeting of the Russian and Ukrainian delegations took place in Istanbul, where the parties agreed on the withdrawal of Russian troops from the Kyiv and Chernihiv directions, as well as the organization of gum corridors. However, later the parties announced the termination of negotiations.

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Ankara also acts as an intermediary in negotiations on the export of Ukrainian grain from the Black Sea ports. The Milliyet newspaper reported on June 20 that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan discussed the creation of a “grain corridor” with UN Secretary General António Guterres. According to the publication, this mechanism assumes that ships within a month will begin to export grain from the ports of Ukraine through the Dardanelles and Bosporus. The parties intend to export up to 40 million tons of grain within 6-8 months, the newspaper noted. Quadripartite meeting on the “grain problem” with the participation of Kyiv, Ankara, Moscow and the UN is planned in Turkey “in the coming weeks”.

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Chomsky called the ultimate goal of the US “game” against Russia

American political publicist and philosopher Noam Chomsky believes that Washington will continue to harm Russia.

In an interview He reminded The Nation that the White House and NATO have been arming Ukraine since 2014. At that time, joint military exercises with the alliance began to be actively conducted, and steps were also taken to integrate the country into a military bloc. “Of course, all this was done deliberately for the purpose of provocation,” Chomsky is sure.

These processes accelerated when Joe Biden became president of the United States. The expert referred to the State Department, which acknowledged that prior to the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, the US authorities refused to discuss any concerns of Moscow about security issues.

“The US continues to play a game where the lives of Ukrainians are at stake, as well as the very existence of civilization in order to weaken Russia and make sure that she suffered enough. There is no moral basis for this,” Chomsky emphasized.

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Japan will expand sanctions on 160 organizations and individuals from Russia

According to Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, the sanctions are directed against individuals and organizations associated with the Russian defense industry. Their accounts in Japan will be frozen

Japan will expand anti-Russian sanctions to 70 individuals and 90 legal entities, as well as impose a ban on the import of gold and the provision of a number of services. This was reported by the NHK TV channel with reference to the statement of Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida at the G7 summit.

According to the prime minister, the sanctions will affect individuals and organizations mainly associated with the Russian defense industry. Their accounts in Japan will be frozen.

“We reject a world in which unilateral changes in the status quo, such as Russia's invasion of Ukraine, are ubiquitous, and we will strengthen the international order based on the rule of law,” — emphasized Kishida.

Since the end of February, the Japanese government has approved several packages of restrictive measures against Russia, imposed sanctions against companies and individuals, banned investments in the country, restricted exports and revoked preferential treatment in trade. In particular, in early June, Tokyo decided to ban the export to Russia of products that “help strengthen the industrial infrastructure”: steel tanks, conveyors, dump trucks, bulldozers, looms, and more.

NHK previously reported that sanctions against Russia caused the loss of more than $2.7 billion by the largest Japanese banks Mitsubishi UFJ, Sumitomo Mitsui and Mizuho. Most of the losses are caused by the fact that bank customers cannot repay loans issued to them under the influence of sanctions restrictions.

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Russia has taken measures in response to the sanctions: it has banned the entry of 63 citizens of Japan. The restrictions included Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, Cabinet Secretary General Hirokazu Matsuno, Foreign Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi, Finance Minister Shun'ichi Suzuki, Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi and Justice Minister Yoshihisa Furukawa, as well as members of both houses of the Japanese parliament. Before that, back in March, Moscow refused to negotiate a peace agreement with Tokyo.

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Bloomberg reported that Russia defaulted for the first time since 1918

Bloomberg: Russia's first foreign debt default since 1918 In Russia, the default was called “artificial” and many times they declared their readiness to service the external debt .jpg” alt=”Bloomberg reported that Russia defaulted for the first time since 1918″ />

On the night of June 27, for the first time since 1918, Russia defaulted on sovereign debt in foreign currency, writes Bloomberg.

Default— is the default of the debtor to pay the debt. The announcement of default by the state lowers its credit ratings— it becomes difficult or impossible for the country to attract new loans, as a result, the limited infusion of external capital hinders the development of the economy.

The grace period for about $100 million in late payments on government bonds expired on Sunday, according to the agency, and in the event of default, the deadline is considered a default event. At the same time, Bloomberg points out that “the default is mostly symbolic and means little to Russians.”

RBC turned to the Russian Ministry of Finance for comment.

Video

We are talking about dollar bonds of the Ministry of Finance, the balance of which for $552 million Russia was supposed to pay off on April 4. However, at that time, the United States blocked Russia's ability to pay its debts from frozen reserves, and the Ministry of Finance initiated the fulfillment of the obligation in rubles. Western market participants prepared to default on these bonds, citing an uncoordinated change in the currency of payment, but the Ministry of Finance at the end of April still managed to bring funds in dollars to foreign investors (according to Bloomberg, for this, free from encumbrance dollar accounts of the Mortgage Corporation &laquo ;Dom.RF»).

On May 11, the former holders of these bonds, who had received the principal payment by May 2, filed a notice of Russian default with the Euroclear clearing system, citing the fact that they did not receive additional interest accrued from April 4 to the date of the actual bond redemption. Russia, when paying the principal at the end of April, did not include this additional interest in its payment, they argue. “Following the demand of the holders of securities, Russia never paid this interest,” — creditors indicated.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Second after Microsoft: why Oracle is on top despite the recession Articles Pro The benefits of regrets and the power of sincere fun: 5 fresh books on self-development the fashion for educational startups ends Articles Pro Microsoft or Netflix: who will become the leader in the gaming market. Digest Articles Pro Is it true that you can catch a cold under air conditioning? Articles Pro Hello, Izaura: what awaits online cinemas after the departure of Western majors? p>In April, the US banned Russia from servicing external debt without renewing the license that allowed holders of Russian sovereign bonds to receive payments. This license expired on May 25th. London Citibank then refused to act as a payment agency for Russian dollar issues, and the Ministry of Finance transferred these functions to the National Settlement Depository (NSD). In early June, NSD also came under EU sanctions.

In the Kremlin, after the sanctions against the national depository, they announced attempts by Brussels to push Russia into an “artificial default”. Siluanov called the creation of artificial barriers to service Russia's public debt a farce. “You can declare anything and try to hang a label. But everyone who understands understands that this is not a default, — the minister emphasized. In his opinion, it would be appropriate to call a default in this situation the refusal of foreign financial intermediaries to fulfill their obligations, since this “damages the business reputation of Western financial institutions.”

On June 22, President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on the payment currency debt in rubles. To do this, all foreign investors were opened ruble accounts of the “I” type without their personal presence. The next day, the Ministry of Finance paid off its Eurobonds in rubles for the first time under the new scheme.

At the end of 2021, Russia's public debt amounted to ₽20.9 trillion— 18.1% of the country's GDP, according to the Accounts Chamber. Domestic debt amounted to ₽16.5 trillion. External debt in foreign currency reached $59.7 billion

According to the Bank of Russia, as of January 1, 2022, the external debt of the Russian Federation amounted to $478.2 billion. the amount takes into account not only the debts of the public sector, but also private companies that borrow funds in foreign markets.

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The Kremlin called the timing of Russia’s achievement of technological sovereignty

Peskov: it will take 10 to 20 years to achieve Russia's technological sovereignty ://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/2/81/756563001457812.jpg” alt=”The Kremlin announced the timing of Russia's achievement of technological sovereignty” />

Special Presidential Envoy for Digitalization Dmitry Peskov

Russia can achieve technological sovereignty in 10-20 years, for this it is necessary to create a conditional “Diamond Fund” from dozens of own developments. About this in an interview with RIA Novosti said Dmitry Peskov, special presidential envoy for digitalization.

“If we talk about the realistic task of technological sovereignty, it looks like this: in 10-20 years, you can create 30-50 own lines of advanced developments that will become exhibits of our “Diamond Fund of Technologies” and will be able to provide food, security, medicine and connectivity in the country in case of any cataclysms,— said Peskov.

According to him, “the question is to have your own“ Diamond Fund ” technological developments that either only you have, that is, this technological superiority, or three to five other countries in the world have— i.e. technological parity. The representative of the president noted that, unlike the usual “Diamond Fund” — technologies are depreciating and need to be “constantly replenished.”

After the start of the military operation in Ukraine, Western and Asian countries imposed sanctions against Russia. In particular, the United States announced restrictions on high-tech exports, due to which, for example, processor manufacturers stopped supplying them to Russia. US sanctions did not affect consumer appliances and electronics, but many foreign companies independently suspended or completely stopped the supply of their products to Russia, including Apple, Samsung, Dell, etc. The EU, in turn, imposed restrictions on the supply of electronic goods for home use more expensive than €750, as well as electronic devices for recording video and sound costing more than €1 thousand. Several large software developers have also left the Russian market, including SAP, Oracle, etc.

In early June, Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin ordered the creation of industrial competence centers for import substitution in key sectors of the economy. He also invited the government commission to consider proposals to replace industry and system-wide foreign solutions with Russian software products and software and hardware systems.

In turn, the Special Representative of the Russian President for Digital and Technological Development Dmitry Peskov proposed a “technological island” strategy, by which he means the achievement of full technological sovereignty. For this, according to him, it is necessary to work out the “green” agenda, create our own techno-economic block, an export package of agricultural products, a new generation of transport logistics corridors between Russia and Asian countries, etc.

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Turkey linked Russia’s military operation in Ukraine with the actions of the West

According to Erdogan's representative, Moscow's decision to conduct a special operation in Ukraine could be related to the actions of the West over the past 30 years

Representative of the Turkish President Ibrahim Kalin

Turkey condemns Russia's military operation in Ukraine, but admits that Moscow's decision could be related to the actions of the West for 30 years, including the expansion of NATO. This was stated by the representative of the President of Turkey, Ibrahim Kalin, on the air of the Haberturk TV channel.

“This does not justify Russia's invasion of Ukraine. But when you look at what has happened over the past 30 years, you have to consider the causal relationship, this is the actions of the West, and the expansion of NATO. We also object to this wrong world order,»— he said.

The representative of the Turkish president believes that “in the new order, at the top of the pyramid is a superpower”, and below it are five or six “great powers”: Russia, China, Great Britain, France and Germany. “Russia began to doubt the pyramid in geostrategic and military terms, proposed to revise the terms and sign a new balance agreement in 30 years. Those who wanted to suppress those trying to get out from below said: let's go the way of conflict, — added Kalyn.

Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24th. President Vladimir Putin called its main goals the protection of the population of Donbass from “genocide”, as well as “demilitarization and denazification” neighboring state.

Subsequently, he stated that the special operation in Ukraine was the only way for Russia to forestall aggression against its own territory. “Everything indicated that a clash with neo-Nazis, Bandera, on whom the United States and its junior partners staked, would be inevitable. We saw the military infrastructure unfolding, how hundreds of foreign advisers began to work, there were regular deliveries of the most modern weapons from NATO countries, — Putin said.

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At the end of last year, Putin proposed to start substantive negotiations on achieving legal guarantees of NATO's non-expansion to the east. The President stressed that Russia needed legal guarantees, because the Western countries had not fulfilled their oral obligations. “Everyone is aware of the verbal assurances given that NATO will not expand eastwards,” — Putin noted, but, according to him, everything was done exactly the opposite. The President emphasized that “legitimate Russian security concerns” were ignored and are still being ignored.

Read on RBC Pro Pro The world predicts the stagnation of the IT industry. What awaits her in Russia – two trends Pro Predictions How to deal with the impostor syndrome in five steps Instructions Pro “The former is haunting me”: how to get rid of an obsessive employer Instructions Pro Live to 120 years: why the co-founder of PayPal takes growth hormone Articles Pro Is it true that air-conditioned can be easy Pro Articles Be Realistic: Techniques to Cope with Work Anxiety Pro Articles Second After Microsoft: Why Oracle Is Rising Despite the Recession Pro Articles “I'm Like a Ninja in a Street Fight”: Ray Dalio on the Impact of Meditation Articles < p> In response, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the decision on the degree of readiness of Ukraine and other states to join NATO will be made by members of the alliance, and Russia has no veto in this matter. Negotiations between Russia, the United States and NATO on the issue of security guarantees also did not bring results.

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Blinken called Russia’s losses from the ban on gold imports

Anthony Blinken. Photo: wikipedia.org.

US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken named the amount that, according to Washington's calculations, Russia may lose after the G7 countries impose a ban on the import of Russian gold.

According to Blinken, this initiative will affect the second most profitable export item, after energy, which Russia has.

“That's about $19 billion,” the Secretary of State said.

He added that most of this amount came to Russia under this article from the G7 countries .

He called the deprivation of Russia of such income “significant”.

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“The situation in the West is becoming more and more difficult for us”

The policy of Lithuania and Poland strains the leadership of the Union State

On June 25, during a meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko in St. » the current politics of neighboring Lithuania and Poland. Noting the confrontational and aggressive nature of such a policy, Lukashenka at the same time stressed that he did not know “why they need it.” Clearly they are being “pushed,” he remarked. The question arises – why are Lithuania and Poland escalating tensions?

Photo: kremlin.ru

Relations of the Union State with Lithuania and Poland continue to develop in a negative direction. The “ulcers” in relations between Belarus and these countries began to grow significantly since 2020, when, following the pan-European Western mainstream, they not only refused to recognize Lukashenka as a legitimate president, but supported the Belarusian opposition in every possible way.

Last year, Lithuania and especially Poland were outraged by the flow of migrants from the Middle East, who illegally crossed the border of states from the Belarusian side. Poland did not like it so much that now it is actively building a wall on the border with Belarus, not sparing the relic trees of Belovezhskaya Pushcha.

After the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, Lithuania and Poland naturally did not deviate from the general line of the EU and joined the sanctions against the Union State. Lithuania's openly hostile actions to ban sanctions transit to the Kaliningrad region have become another contribution of the country to the deterioration of already frankly bad relations with Russia.

Poland, in turn, can directly intervene in the situation in Ukraine by sending troops to Western regions of the country, about which Russian foreign intelligence warned back in April. In addition, it has recently become known that the Polish Ministry of Defense will purchase from France 13 PFM (Pont Flottant Motorisé – Motorized Floating Bridge) pontoon-bridge fleets for the amount of $331 million, which can be used to force heavy equipment on the Western Bug with the aim of a military invasion of Belarus.< /p>

Director of the Moscow Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (CAST) Ruslan Pukhov commented on the current difficult situation on the western borders of Russia:

“The fact that Poland takes the most active anti-Russian position of all Russia's neighbors is quite obvious. Poland has much more resources than Lithuania, so with a certain development of the situation, we will be able to see Polish troops in Ukraine. In general, the situation in the West is becoming more and more difficult. Especially given the context of the upcoming accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO.

According to the analyst, Poland is largely acting on its own. “Given that the Biden administration is diving deeper and deeper into the Ukrainian problems, Poland now resembles a bull terrier, which the owner says is enough and pulls on the leash. And the bull terrier, in turn, gnaws the leash and continues to rush forward. It is quite obvious that the Poles now have the opportunity to speak to us about the past. After all, the Poles did not forget that they did not have their own sovereignty for 123 years, that Warsaw was part of the Russian Empire,” Pukhov believes.

The expert noted that Lithuania’s actions in unleashing a confrontation with Russia and Belarus were caused by “ game of integrity” by its political leadership, recalling how Lithuania once unilaterally went to worsen relations with China.

monarchist than the monarch himself. Lithuania has its own idea of ​​beauty. We should not forget that Lithuanians also have their own historical trauma. As you know, the Lithuanian principality lost to Moscow. In turn, the Moscow principality turned into an empire, and Lithuanian turned into such a small state. Lithuanians at the genetic level remember that once they could become a huge country. But in the end they turned into a small “bear corner”, – concluded Pukhov.

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The Verkhovna Rada set out to mine the border with Russia and Belarus

The initiative of Ukrainian deputies may lead to new civilian casualties

Deputies of Volodymyr Zelensky's Servant of the People party submitted a bill to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on strengthening the borders with Russia and Belarus, within which it is planned to expand the border strip, where they will equip defense equipment, including minefields.

Photo: Global Look Press

The changes will affect the Law on the State Border of Ukraine, according to the current version of which land plots 30-50 meters wide are provided for permanent use along the state border line on land, along the bank of the Ukrainian part of the border river, lake or other body of water.

40 Ukrainian parliamentarians propose to supplement this article with words about the allocation of additional territory up to two kilometers along the border line with Belarus and the Russian Federation. A special border regime will also be established, prohibiting the free entry, stay, residence, movement of persons and the performance of work not related to the defense or protection of the state border of Ukraine.

Such a strengthening of the country's borders by the Ukrainian leadership allows once again to doubt rationality of the actions of the Kyiv regime. The massive mining of one's own territory creates, first of all, a danger to its own population.

The very idea to mine the border strip for the post-Soviet space is absolutely not new. For example, in 2001-2002, engineering barriers and anti-personnel mines were installed on the Uzbek-Tajik border. According to the official version, Uzbekistan thus wanted to protect itself from the influx of militants from illegal armed groups. In 2019, it was decided to remove the mines. It has been estimated that over almost two decades, according to the National Mine Center of Tajikistan, 374 people have died and 485 have been injured.

The exact number of dead and wounded on the border on both sides is not known. But it is known that not only the military, but also quite peaceful citizens became victims of minefields every year. For example, in 2009, on the Tajik side, a husband and wife, residents of the Sughd region, died. A year earlier, a 35-year-old Tajik shepherd, a resident of the Penjikent region, Amon Turaev, was blown up. Every year, dozens of people died from mines and unexploded ordnance in Tajikistan.

In addition, Ukraine has its own sad experience of mining the Odessa beach, which, apparently, Kyiv decided not to take into account. A mine screen from an imaginary Russian landing led to the death of at least one citizen who was resting there.

If such a law is nevertheless adopted in Ukraine, it will inevitably entail new victims. The expected coverage of mining areas is not small. The length of one Belarusian-Ukrainian border is more than 1,000 km. And here it remains only to regret that in the near future it will be possible to sow and harvest crops in Ukrainian grain fields only with a mine detector.

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Bogatyr at the bifurcation point. Mathematicians predicted events in Ukraine

Once the Institute of Applied Mathematics named after. M. V. Keldysh RAS was created to solve problems related to nuclear energy and space exploration. But then the tasks changed. Now there, among other things, they are engaged in forecasting historical processes. For example, the situation that has developed in Ukraine since 2013 and the events taking place now were calculated by scientists using mathematical models more than 20 years ago.

Aif.ru talked about this with Head of the Nonlinear Process Modeling Department of the Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physics.-mat. Sciences Georgy Malinetsky.

Ukrainian Lever

Dmitry Pisarenko, aif.ru: —                       can you say that you predict history?

Georgy Malinetsky: — We predict not only historical processes. Our models affect the economy, demography, and partly psychology — the whole complex of human sciences. In the 1990s, we actively modeled the education system. The results showed that the introduction of the Unified State Examination will lead to a catastrophe of the system. At that time, destructive reforms were imposed on our country: to liquidate technical schools, to leave 50 universities for the whole of Russia… We reported the results of the modeling to the government, we managed to delay the reforms for 10 years.

Other important studies dealt with the risks of natural and man-made disasters. On the territory of the country, about 50,000 dangerous and 5 thousand especially dangerous objects. Accidents on some of            can lead to the death of hundreds of thousands of people and multi-billion financial losses. In 2001, President Putininstructed the scientific community to develop measures to prevent accidents, disasters and catastrophes. We did it. The Institute of Applied Mathematics, together with other academic institutions, presented a whole program of scientific monitoring of dangerous phenomena and processes, but the government blocked it for formal reasons. And and then there was no money for it  During this time, a lot of man-made disasters have occurred in the country, suffice it to recall the accident at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station.

— How are historical processes predicted? What, are there any special equations?

— Our main tool — mathematical models. These are simplified constructions that reflect the essence of a phenomenon or process in the clearest possible way. Yes, mathematicians write differential equations, determine the coefficients, then it's all calculated on machine.

History — difficult to model object. But it can be projected onto a certain axis, which reflects the ownership of the means of production. Then we will get historical materialism with its division into formations, from primitive communal to communist. And you can take another axis, as suggested by the American sociologist Daniel Bell, — it shows the role of science in the development of society. Then the result of the simulation will be different: until the 20th century, the development of nature took place, in the 20th century the industrial era (time of machines) began, and now there is a post-industrial era, where people are in the center of attention.

This is a new phase in the development of civilization, when they try to defeat the enemy not with bombs and missiles, but with other means — economic and humanitarian. Fighting flows into the & nbsp; mass consciousness, values ​​and & nbsp; meanings become more important than weapons. We see using the example of Ukraine, that if for 20 years schoolchildren put any nonsense into the head then you can grow up a generation that will believe that the ancient ukry gave rise to European civilization, and their main historical enemy  — this is Russia. This has never been done before, the consciousness of a large people has not been replaced by a new one in such a short period of time. This is  there are humanitarian technologies in action: it is enough to change the school curriculum — and you get conscience altered people. At the same time, little effort is made (the United States has invested only 5 billion dollars in Ukraine), and the effect is colossal. In fact, this is such a lever.

The third extra

— But how exactly it is predicted crisis in the same Ukraine, ongoing hostilities?

— Let's see what are the underlying causes of what is happening. The current model of the world economic system has outlived its usefulness. Capitalism is over, it has no future — this system has nowhere else to grow. For those who have power and money, there is only one — — hinder the development of civilization, throw it back, unleashing new wars. What they do. The elite is trying to bring humanity back to the 20th century, where there were two world wars and the global dominance of the United States. Their goal — divide the world into three zones. In "green" zone — high standard of living and advanced technologies. “Yellow” takes care of its maintenance. A in "red" the zone is unstable — there is a “wild field” and relationships at feudal level. Their idea about Russia — so that she would be in "red" zone and never got out.

In China there is an epic “Three Kingdoms”. There, three kings fight with each other, weave intrigues, conspire. Everyone strives for dominance over others. This picture is consonant with what is happening now. According to various forecasts (not only ours), the main active players of the 21st century will be those civilizations that will have a GDP of more than 20 trillion dollars and a population of more than 400 million people. Who is this? First Player — USA with its  "provinces" Mexico and Canada, second — China, third — European Union. Everyone else — these are the next level countries.

And  these three are playing  the third extra. Europe and  China would like to build an analogue of the Great Silk Road. This would sharply strengthen and                other countries that the new trade route would pass through, including Russia. But then the United States will remain superfluous, and they really don want it. And America starts its game, trying to make this path as difficult as possible. How to do it? With & nbsp; the help of military conflicts throughout its entire length. What we and observe in during the last decades. You can also recall the unrest in Kazakhstan at the beginning of this year, they are from the same series. But the Ukrainian scenario turned out to be the most effective. Moreover, it turns out that hostilities are already taking place on the territory of Europe, which is very beneficial for the United States. After all, their goal — exclude the European Union from the Trinity. The longer this military conflict lasts, the better for America.

The mathematical models that were built by scientists predicted both the fighting in Ukraine and the upcoming world famine. True, the forecast was not for 2022 year, but for one-two years later. The point is that there are certain cycles, in accordance with which the economy changes. For example, there are Kondratieff cycles, they define crises, wars and revolutions. These are cycles of technological re-equipment, they take 40-50 years.

— And what do these models predict next? And most importantly, what do they say about the future of Russia, which, unfortunately, didn not find a place in the cherished trio?

— Russia can build its own civilization, there are resources for this, but we need strong geopolitical allies. First of all, this is Latin America, which, by the way, now supports us the most.  Second — India. We can lead a new geopolitical movement — that group of countries that don want to play the top three players. Then Russia with its allies will be by itself and the — on their own  We and will have a dialogue with but nothing more.

But  to build your civilization, you need an “Iron Curtain” (we have to produce a lot on our own), the degeneration of the elite (apparently, only 5-10% understand the essence of what is happening) and a clear image of the desired future, if you like — ideology. The world, also Latin America, expects from not so much oil and gas, but news about where we go and where we call them for with them. This news is not yet available.

«Without friends I am a little bit»

— Do mathematical models speak of the need for an ideology ?

— In the clash of civilizations, this is a very important parameter, it is expressed in including through it. Much depends on how much we reject others and support our own. More Napoleonsaid that the moral factor relates to the material as 3:1. Danilevsky, Toynbee, Spengler and GumilyovThose who studied the dynamics of civilizations, their life and death, came to conclusions the key importance of ideology. There was a Soviet and Russian scientist Dmitry Chernavsky, he developed a dynamic information theory and models of language wars. From his works follows the importance of meanings and values ​​not just for the development of society, but for its survival.

And Russia has something to offer the world. Conscience, inner reflection, the ability to put oneself in the place of another have always been important for us. While in the                ) : “Die yourself, but help a comrade out!” Our imperative — conciliarity, self-organization, collective action. Hence the artels, and soviets, and collective farms. A loner in our natural realities does survive: "Without friends, I am a little bit, but with friends a lot".

The dream, the idea of ​​ heaven on earth, which can and should be built, of  children who will go further than us, has always been important for Russia. It's worth going back to. But while Russia looks like a hero who stands at a fork in front of a stone and does know where to go next.

—  in the language of science, is this called a bifurcation?

— Exactly. This is, roughly speaking, the decision point: maybe this, and maybe that way. Bifurcation — an extremely unstable state in which even small impacts can have large consequences. At the same time, unexpected and qualitative changes are possible. As the saying goes, there there not a penny, and suddenly Altyn.

Russia is now at a bifurcation point where its future is determined, the question of its existence and place in history XXI century. There is hope that as a result of the super efforts of two generations, we will be able to build a strong country. If we we were were not       we we we we would not have there  Our hopes for tomorrow determine today's reality.

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The Rada proposed to strengthen the borders with Russia and Belarus with minefields

Deputies of the “Servant of the People” introduced a bill to strengthen the borders with Russia and Belarus They proposed to protect the borders with minefields and a special zone of 2 km ” alt=” The Rada proposed to strengthen the borders with Russia and Belarus with minefields” />

People's deputies of Ukraine submitted a bill on the protection of the country's borders for consideration, follows from the information on the website.

They proposed to allocate areas along the borders with Russia and Belarus for the arrangement of protective equipment, including minefields, as well as to establish two kilometers from the borders of the special border regime. In this zone, free entry, stay, residence, movement and work that are not related to border protection will be prohibited.

The deputies came up with an initiative to simplify the procedure for the forced expulsion of illegal migrants from Ukraine. They want to give the right to make such decisions to the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), the State Migration Service (SMS) and the Border Guard Service. In this case, the court will only issue orders for detention and expulsion.

The bill was introduced by 40 deputies of the Verkhovna Rada. All of them are members of President Volodymyr Zelensky's Servant of the People party.

Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine on February 24. Kyiv imposed martial law and severed diplomatic relations with Moscow. Representatives of 141 countries in the UN General Assembly condemned the actions of the Russian authorities, demanded a ceasefire and the withdrawal of troops.

The country's border service reported that Russian troops crossed the Ukrainian border from Belarus with the support of the country's army. The CNN television channel then showed photos and videos of a convoy of Russian vehicles that drove through the border crossing on the border of Belarus and Ukraine.

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The President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko said that the Belarusian troops did not take any part in the military operation. At the same time, he later said that Ukrainian troops had deployed heavy rocket artillery near the borders, and Minsk passed this information on to Moscow. The Russian Iskander-M complexes, which were located in the Mozyr area, attacked these positions on the evening of February 23.

After that, the Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly stated the risk of a new offensive from Belarus. On June 25, Ukrainian intelligence spokesman Vadim Skibitsky said that Russian special forces units, together with Belarusian special operations forces, were conducting exercises. He suggested that in three to four weeks Russia could launch an attack on Ukraine from Belarus, UNIAN reported.

Lukashenko himself has repeatedly said that Russian President Vladimir Putin did not ask him to participate in the military operation. Since May, a sudden check of the reaction forces has been going on in Belarus. From June 22 to July 1, in the Gomel region, which borders Ukraine, mobilization exercises with military commissariats are to take place.

After the start of the military operation, the newly created pro-Russian administration of the Kherson region closed the border with the regions controlled by Kyiv. The newly appointed authorities of the Zaporozhye region called for the elimination of the border with Russia.

At the same time, due to the risk of sabotage, the Ministry of Emergency Situations planned to launch a pilot version of the Safe City system in a number of regions bordering Ukraine, Kommersant wrote. with reference to sources.

The software will have to use video analytics to recognize weapons, accidents or other incidents in the Crimea, Sevastopol, Voronezh and Belgorod regions, as well as in the Krasnodar Territory.

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The Ambassador of the LPR in Russia said that hundreds of civilians could remain at Azot

Earlier, Ramzan Kadyrov announced the withdrawal of all civilians who remained at the Azot plant in Severodonetsk. But, according to Rodion Miroshnik, those who came out reported that there could be hundreds more people at the enterprise

On the territory of the blocked chemical plant Azot Hundreds of civilians may remain in Severodonetsk, LPR Ambassador to Russia Rodion Miroshnik said on Telegram, referring to people evacuated from the enterprise.

“Some of those who went out said that there could be hundreds more civilians in shelters that do not communicate with each other. According to them, the militants did not have access to many of the shelters and tried in various ways to pull civilians out of the dungeons, — he wrote.

Earlier on June 25, the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, reported that Russian and LPR forces had withdrawn all civilians remaining there from the plant.

According to Miroshnik, the evacuation has now been suspended due to shelling from Lisichansk. “After cleaning up the Azot industrial zone” Allied troops found civilians in the shelters of the enterprise. They have already received water, food and medicine. Some of the civilians managed to leave both the shelters and the territory of the enterprise, but a significant part remains in place. Resumed shelling prevents the exit, — he explained. The evacuation will continue “as soon as security permits.”

In early May, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that the Ukrainian military had deployed on the territory of “Azot” heavy weapons and hold more than a thousand employees of the enterprise and local residents “as a” human shield “.

Later, the military stationed at the plant was blocked. Miroshnik reported that the number of civilians hiding on Azot is unknown.

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On June 12, civilians began to leave the factory, the LPR ambassador reported. “Through the second checkpoint of the Azot chemical association” civilians began to leave. This checkpoint is not controlled by militants. They are met and taken to a safe place by the fighters of the allied forces, — he explained.

On June 25, the Ministry of Defense declared full control over Severodonetsk and the suppression of the last center of resistance at Azot.

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The Cabinet of Ministers of Russia approved the draft agreement with Serbia on flight safety

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin approved a draft agreement with Serbia on improving flight safety. The order was published on the official portal of legal information.

The document was submitted by the Ministry of Transport of Russia. The project was agreed with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Industry and Trade, and was also preliminary worked out with the Serbian side.

Mishustin instructed the Federal Air Transport Agency to negotiate an agreement with colleagues from Serbia.

The agreement implies that now Russia and Serbia Simplify aircraft airworthiness, flight simulator evaluations, and maintenance operations. The parties will also cooperate on maintaining the level of safety and quality of the environment.

Earlier, the Federal Air Transport Agency said that the re-registration of aircraft in the state register of the Russian Federation would not affect flight safety. According to the Ministry of Transport, most of the aircraft of Russian airlines have already been transferred to the domestic register and reinsured. 

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The forces of Russia and the LNR completely liberated Severodonetsk and Borovskoye

The allied forces of Russia and the Lugansk People's Republic completely liberated the cities Severodonetsk and Borovskoye, as well as the settlements of Voronovo and Sirotino. This was stated by the official representative of the Russian Ministry of Defense, Lieutenant-General Igor Konashenkov.

According to him, the units of LPR People's Militia with the support of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation carried out successful offensive operations, as a result of which Severodonetsk, Borovskoye, Voronovo and Sirotino were completely liberated. 

“Thus, the enemy's attempt to turn the industrial zone of the Severodonetsk enterprise “AZOT” into thwarted into a stubborn center of resistance, — said  Konashenkov, noting that now the territory of the plant is controlled by the Luhansk security forces.

It is also noted that after the complete liberation of the cities Severodonetsk and Borovskoye the entire left-bank territory of the Seversky Donets within the borders of the LPR came under its control .

Earlier today it was reported that the allied forces of the LPR and Russia entered Lisichansk and are fighting in the city.

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The EC has prepared a document allowing Russia to transport goods to Kaliningrad

The EC has prepared a document allowing Russia to transport goods to the Kaliningrad region. The document is expected to be published next week. Lithuania recalled the right of veto to prevent a “serious political crisis” in the country jpg” alt=”EC has prepared a document allowing Russia to transport goods to Kaliningrad” />

Kaliningrad

The European Commission is discussing a draft document allowing the transportation of goods under sanctions from “Russia to Russia”— to the Kaliningrad region— through the EU. This was announced by the European Parliamentarian from Lithuania, Petras Auštrevičius.

“A document was born that will allow the transportation of sanctioned goods through the EU from“ Russia to Russia ”. This information was sent to Lithuania. Lithuania is not mentioned in the document, but by default it is clear that it affects Lithuania if Lithuania agrees to it,— Auštrevičius wrote on social media.

According to Auštrevičius, Lithuania has a veto power that it can use to prevent a “serious political crisis”; in the country.

He added that he sent the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, and the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, EC Vice President Josep Borrell, a letter in which he stated that “trust and credibility of EU policy are inseparable from the full implementation of sanctions, without exception of the Kaliningrad region».

On June 18, Lithuanian Railways stopped transit deliveries to the Kaliningrad region, as well as the export from it of a large list of goods that fall under EU sanctions. The list includes products made from iron, steel and other metals, fertilizers, timber, glass containers, cement, natural gas liquefaction plants, iron products, purebred horses, cigars, perfumes, etc.

Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis explained this step by the implementation of European sanctions that came into force on June 17. The Kremlin considered these measures unprecedented and illegal.

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On June 21, the Russian Foreign Ministry summoned EU Ambassador Markus Ederer, who assured that there was no talk of a blockade of the Kaliningrad region, and asked to resolve the issue through diplomatic means. Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said that Moscow is working on a response to “hostile actions.”

Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova pointed out that a possible response to the restriction of transit would lie not in the diplomatic, but in the practical plane.

p>

The head of the Agency for International and Interregional Relations of the Kaliningrad Region, Alla Ivanova, proposed supplementing the EU document 833/2014 with the concept of “Kaliningrad transit of people and goods”.

As another decision, it was proposed to exclude the phrase “including transit” from the text of the articles of the sanctions document that relate to oil products, metals, coal and other goods.

The Kremlin admitted that Lithuania could cancel the decision to restrict transit to Kaliningrad, however urged to prepare for the worst. “Let's hope for the best, but prepare for the worst. What we always do,»,— said the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov.

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Putin announced the readiness of Russia and Belarus to saturate the markets with fertilizers

According to Putin, the two countries account for 15% of world trade and 25% for some types of fertilizers. The EU previously restricted the import of fertilizers from the two states, the US, in turn, excluded them from the sanctions lists

Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko

Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed with his Belarusian counterpart Alexander Lukashenko the situation with the supply of food and fertilizers to world markets. According to him, Moscow and Minsk are ready to take all necessary actions to meet the needs of the markets due to interruptions in supplies.

“We are the largest fertilizer supplier to the world market <…>. You and I agreed to do everything that depends on us, to take all the actions that depend on us, in order to satisfy the demand of our consumers, our clients, — Putin said at a meeting in St. Petersburg (TASS quote).

Putin noted that 15% of world trade and 25% for some types of fertilizers— it is “a very significant amount.”

After the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, Western countries have already introduced several packages of sanctions against Moscow and Minsk, which have exacerbated the problem of food supplies and mineral fertilizers. In early March, the Ministry of Industry and Trade warned of the risk of a collapse in the global fertilizer market due to problems with the supply of Russian goods to foreign countries.

After that, the US Treasury excluded fertilizers, medical equipment and medicines from Russia from the sanctions list. Washington allowed the export, import and re-export of these goods. At the same time, sanctions against most Russian financial, insurance and logistics companies continue to apply.

Nevertheless, in early April, the European Union limited the import of Russian-made fertilizers: the quota for potassium chloride will be 837.57 thousand tons, while the quota for other fertilizers containing potassium will be 1.57 million tons. European countries have also adopted restrictions on the purchase of fertilizers from Belarus.

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In mid-April, Russia introduced export quotas for mineral fertilizer producers to support them amid the risk of downtime “due to low demand in the domestic market and sanctions from unfriendly states.” Nitrogen fertilizers were allowed to export about 5.7 million tons. The export quota for complex fertilizers will be about 5.6 million tons.

On May 16, The Wall Street Journal reported, citing sources, that UN Secretary General António Guterres proposed to mitigate restrictions on the export of Russian and Belarusian potash fertilizers in exchange for the passage of ships with grain from the ports of Ukraine; according to the publication, he discussed this issue with Russia and Turkey. The UN World Food Program previously reported that about 25 million tons of grain “stuck” in Ukraine due to infrastructure problems and “blocked Black Sea ports.”

Putin has previously expressed confidence that Western countries will buy Russian fertilizers because of their scarcity. “The deficit will be taken. Will. No one wants to die of hunger, & mdash; said the head of state.

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Lithuanian President opposes compromise with Russia on transit

The President of Lithuania opposed a compromise with Russia on the issue of transit to Kaliningrad The President of Lithuania called on the government to urgently start consultations with the European Commission so that the implementation of anti-Russian sanctions would not harm Lithuania's interests, but would be painful for Russia

Gitanas Nauseda

President of Lithuania Gitanas Nauseda decided not to make concessions to Russia on the issue of transit to the Kaliningrad region.

“Lithuania must maintain and will maintain control over the goods transported through its territory, and there can be no question of any “corridors”,— he wrote in social networks.

Nauceda has already discussed the issue of transit with the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. “It is clear that Lithuania must and will apply EU sanctions,” — stressed the president.

He added that the Lithuanian government should urgently start consultations with the European Commission so that the implementation of anti-Russian sanctions would not harm either Lithuanian interests or international agreements, but would be painful for Russia.

Lithuanian MEP Petras Auštrevičius announced earlier on June 25 that the European Commission was discussing a draft document allowing the transportation of goods under sanctions from Russia to the Kaliningrad region through the territory of the EU.

At the same time, he recalled Lithuania's right of veto, which it can apply to avert a “major political crisis” in the country.

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Austrevičius sent a letter to von der Leyen and the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, in which he stated that “trust and reliability of EU policy are inseparable from the full implementation of sanctions without excluding the Kaliningrad region.”

On June 25, a meeting was held between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko. During the negotiations, the President of Belarus stated that he considers Lithuania's actions to ban transit to the Kaliningrad region comparable to a declaration of war.

On June 18, Lithuania stopped transit deliveries to the Kaliningrad region for a large list of goods, explaining this measure by the implementation of European sanctions that came into force on June 17.

The list includes products from iron, steel and other metals, fertilizers, timber, glass containers, cement, natural gas liquefaction plants, iron products, purebred horses, cigars, perfumes, etc.

The Kremlin considered these measures illegal. On June 21, the Russian Foreign Ministry summoned EU Ambassador Markus Ederer, who assured that there was no question of a blockade of the Kaliningrad region, and asked to resolve the issue through diplomacy. hostile actions. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova pointed out that a possible response to the restriction of transit will lie not in the diplomatic, but in the practical plane.

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Reuters learned about the agreement by the G7 countries to ban gold imports from Russia

According to the agency, the leaders of the G7 countries agreed to a ban on the import of new gold from Russia. Earlier, Reuters reported that the EU may also include restrictions on gold in the seventh package of anti-Russian sanctions 756561766588347.jpg” alt=”Reuters learned of the G7 countries agreeing to ban gold imports from Russia” />

The leaders of the G7 countries (Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Canada, France, Japan and the United States) agreed to a ban on imports new gold from Russia, according to Reuters, citing sources.

According to the agency, on June 28, the US Treasury Department will issue a ruling to ban the import of new gold into the United States. Similar statements should be made by the finance ministries of other G7 countries, the agency writes.

On June 21, Reuters, citing sources, said that the European Union may include restrictions on gold in the seventh package of anti-Russian sanctions. One of the interlocutors told the agency that the European Commission is working on the inclusion of gold in a possible new package of sanctions, but it is not known whether the measure will involve a ban on the export of the metal to Russia or its import from the country.

A representative of the Danish ambassador to the EU told the agency that at a closed meeting of ambassadors last week, the Danish diplomat suggested that gold be included in the new sanctions package along with other sectors.

Russia is one of the world's largest exporters of gold. According to the Ministry of Finance, in 2021, Russian gold mining companies produced 346.4 tons of gold. Approximately 87% of this volume, or 302.2 tons, went to export, which brought in $17.4 billion, according to FCS statistics.

On February 28, the Bank of Russia resumed buying gold on the domestic precious metals market after the EU and the US blocked its assets. The regulator has not purchased this metal since March 2020. In mid-March 2022, the Central Bank suspended purchases due to increased demand for gold bullion among the population, but at the end of the month resumed them again at a fixed price.

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Ministry of Transport did not confirm ICAO concerns about aviation security in Russia

ICAO, as RBC wrote earlier, called on Russia to deal with the double registration of aircraft by September 14 – otherwise the country will be marked with a “red flag”. The Ministry of Transport announced a high level of flight safety confirmed ICAO's concerns about aviation security in Russia” />

The Ministry of Transport does not confirm the concerns of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) about flight safety in Russia, TASS writes, citing a statement from the department.

“Aircraft flight safety is ensured and maintained at a high level”, — assured in the Ministry of Transport. They noted that the same specialists continue to maintain aircraft using the same tools as before, “Russian aviation authorities confirm the compliance of aircraft transferred to the Russian register with international and Russian airworthiness requirements.”

Earlier, RBC, citing a copy of the document, the authenticity of which was confirmed by the organization's official representative Anthony Philbin, said that the ICAO has concerns regarding the double registration of Russian aircraft: because of it, there is a problem with the validity of licenses for their radio equipment and airworthiness certificates in general. The ICAO bulletin states that if the Russian authorities do not resolve this issue by September 14, information about “substantial concerns” will be lost. will become publicly available, and on the site where the results of flight safety audits are published, a “red flag” will appear opposite Russia & mdash; it is a tool for “collectively informing other countries” who can decide for themselves what to do with this information. Now problems with ensuring flight safety are officially declared in Eritrea and Bhutan.

Philbin explained that the fears are related to the violation of Art. 18 of the Chicago Convention, to which the USSR joined in 1970 (Russia became its successor, including under this agreement). According to this article, an aircraft cannot be legally registered in more than one State.

The Federal Air Transport Agency rejected any concerns about the safety of Russian aircraft and said that there was no evidence of non-compliance of aircraft with ICAO requirements. In April, the regulator accused “unfriendly countries” of in making decisions that called into question the system based on the provisions of the Chicago Convention.

Russian airlines began to actively register Western aircraft in the national register after the introduction of international sanctions against the industry due to the military operation in Ukraine.

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The EU, the USA and other countries closed their airspace to Russian aircraft, and more than 20 carriers ended up on the so-called EU black list.

The authorities of Bermuda and Ireland have suspended the airworthiness certificates of aircraft of Russian companies, and the US Federal Aviation Administration has downgraded the safety rating for Russian airlines, as Rosaviatsia does not comply with ICAO safety standards.

Due to restrictions, leasing agreements were terminated for more 700 foreign aircraft. According to Transport Minister Vitaly Savelyev, as of March 22, 78 aircraft were registered abroad. By June 15, more than 600 aircraft have been transferred to the Russian registry since the beginning of 2022— mainly Airbus and Boeing. At the same time, the Bermuda aviation authorities reported that the same number of Russian aircraft is still registered on the islands. Due to double registration, several companies have had problems with flights to China. As RBC's source in one of these companies explained, the carriers were unable to document that imported aircraft were officially deregistered abroad. Therefore, the Chinese authorities, in compliance with international aviation law, refused to fly.

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In Germany, it was not ruled out that Russia would cut off gas

German Economy Minister Robert Habeck considered it possible to stop supplies after a two-week shutdown of Nord Stream for maintenance. Putin said that Russia is ready to continue energy supplies Germany did not rule out that Russia would cut off gas” />

German Economy Minister Robert Habeck did not rule out that Russia would no longer supply gas to Germany. He said this in an interview with the ZDF TV channel.

“I would be lying if I said that it was out of the question, — Khabek noted, speaking about the possibility of shutting off gas by Russia.— In reality, [Russian President Vladimir] Putin is gradually reducing the amount of gas.

In his opinion, “Putin's plan” is to put pressure on the market and raise gas prices in Europe in order to “ignite social unrest and destroy unity.” However, Putin should not win, the minister stressed.

Khabek noted that, on the one hand, it is necessary to prevent the economy from “failing”; due to high gas prices, and on the other— avoid the “big social problem” in Germany. He urged to show solidarity and save gas wherever possible.

Termination of gas supplies to Germany from Russia via the Nord Stream gas pipeline Klaus Müller, head of the German Federal Network Agency, also considered it possible. Speaking about stopping the Nord Stream in July for two weeks for maintenance, he said, “We can't rule it out [stopping supplies after shutdown].” The regulator is considering various options, most of them “unpleasant”; and envisage winter gas shortages, Mueller warned.

As Bloomberg reports, EU leaders are preparing for further cuts in Russian gas supplies and looking for ways to ease the impact of the energy crisis on economies.

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“If Germany already declares today that it will not have enough gas for the winter, the consequences will be extraordinary for Germany, as well as for all other European countries,” — said Belgian Prime Minister Alexandre de Cros.

“The idea of ​​cheap energy is in the past, the idea of ​​Russian energy is, in fact, in the past, and we are all in the process of looking for alternative sources,” — Prime Minister of Latvia Krisjanis Karins said. He called this the result of Russia's actions in Ukraine and expressed confidence that these difficulties will make the countries even more resilient. after two weeks of maintenance, the Financial Times previously reported. The press secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov, commenting on the publication, assured that Moscow strictly fulfills its obligations on fuel supplies.

“Gazprom” in mid-June announced a reduction in the volume of gas pumped through Nord Stream; first from 167 million to 100 million cubic meters. m per day, and then up to 67 million cubic meters. m per day. The company explained its decision by the delay of the German Siemens repair of gas pumping units of the Portovaya compressor station. Siemens, in turn, explained that the turbines for the gas pipeline are manufactured by Canada and one of the engines is being repaired in Montreal, and it is impossible to return the repaired turbines due to Canadian sanctions.

Due to the supply situation Germany raised the gas emergency warning level to the second out of three.

Russia is ready to continue to “conscientiously fulfill all its contractual obligations for the supply of agricultural products, fertilizers, energy carriers and other critical products,” President Vladimir Putin stressed at the BRICS plus meeting June 24. He also ruled out that rising food, energy and commodity prices— a consequence of the Russian military operation in Ukraine.

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The General Staff of the French Army tried to explain itself for the capture of CAESAR self-propelled guns by Russia

Photo: Frame from video

The General Headquarters of the French Armed Forces attempted to explain the situation with the capture of self-propelled artillery installations (ACS) by Russian troops in Ukraine ) French-made CAESAR.

Earlier, Uralvagonzavod thanked French President Emmanuel Macron on his Telegram channel, asking the French politician Régis Castelnau to convey gratitude to the head of the European state for the “donated” self-propelled guns.

France handed over 18 CAESAR self-propelled artillery mounts to Ukraine. The General Staff of the French Armed Forces completely denied the information about the capture of guns, at the same time without providing any evidence to support their position.

But immediately, the French headquarters admitted the possibility of the capture by Russian military self-propelled guns, stipulating that the situation seems unlikely and implausible.

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Zakharova said that Russia has never threatened with nuclear weapons

Photo: Global Look Press

The Russian Foreign Ministry published a comment by its official representative, Maria Zakharova, on the topic of nuclear weapons. The statement was made on the occasion of the completion of the Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

“No” nuclear threats “have ever been and never are heard from Russia,” Zakharova said.

She added that “Russian approaches are based solely on the logic of deterrence.”

Zakharova also said that in this regard, “statements regarding mutual threats to use nuclear weapons” are surprising.

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The expert urged Russia to uncover tactical nuclear weapons

The collective West gathers an anti-Russian coalition: what to do

The European Union and NATO are gathering a coalition to fight Russia. This was announced on Friday at a press conference in Baku by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. He said that it all reminded him of the situation at the beginning of World War II, when Hitler gathered most of the European countries under his banner to attack the Soviet Union. Now they are also being collected by the EU and NATO to fight Russia. The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry “MK” asked an expert to comment on this statement.

Photo: RF Ministry of Defense

– No, – Igor Korotchenko, editor-in-chief of the National Defense magazine, comments. – I think it's just a statement of existing realities. Especially in light of the upcoming NATO summit, where a new strategic concept will be adopted, officially declaring Russia a military adversary.

Plus, it is already obvious that the Russia-NATO founding act will cease to have effect. That is, there will no longer be any obstacles for the movement of the Alliance military vehicles to the Russian borders. Even if it was as formalized and incomplete as this document contained.

So Lavrov's words are a statement of the existing realities. And in them we see the European consolidation against its main opponent. Previously it was the Soviet Union, now it is Russia. The minister's words simply give a clear analysis of the current situation that is emerging today.

– I think a real military confrontation is already underway. It's just that now it will be elevated to the rank of an official position in the new strategic concept of NATO – in those decisions that will be discussed and adopted at the summit of the Alliance.

– Not a war because Russia is a nuclear power. But we will need to rethink our military doctrine and nuclear planning. It is absolutely necessary to do this in order to contain NATO and the EU, which are already gathering into such a single steel fist. We can counter it solely by relying on tactical nuclear weapons, which in this situation should be delivered from warehouses to the troops on specific carriers.

– Because after the restriction of transit to Kaliningrad, a complete ban on transit, and a naval blockade, and even the sending of NATO forces to the territory of the Kaliningrad region may follow. In this situation, you need to have time to respond instantly and immediately.

And given the disparity in the field of conventional weapons – NATO here surpasses us many times – we can react quickly, deterring the Alliance, only relying on tactical nuclear weapons.

Consequently, it is necessary to review and specify conceptual foundations for its application, and to draw those “red lines” that we will be ready to use in parrying threats and aggression using tactical nuclear weapons against NATO groupings in the European theater of operations.

– This will mean that they will sign their own verdict. They will determine their own destiny by their actions and their aggression. But it is already simply impossible for Russia to continue, as before, backing away and retreating somewhere. And therefore, whether Sweden and Finland will be accepted into NATO this time, or not, there is no difference. Tactical nuclear weapons should be delivered on specific carriers to the troops of the Western Military District, to the Baltic and Northern Fleets.

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The composition of the Great Army of Napoleon during the campaign against Russia. infographics

Exactly 210 years ago — June 24, 1812 — The Great Army of Napoleon Bonaparte crossed the Neman River, unleashing a war with the Russian Empire. The French emperor, striving for European domination, counted on a quick victory. Behind Napoleon brought a huge army  — more than half a million people who spoke, using the rhetoric of Alexander I, "twelve languages".

However, the Great Army eventually met fierce resistance. 26 December 1812, the Patriotic War (in French historiography — the Russian company of 1812 year) ended in a complete and unconditional victory of the Russian and allied forces.

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Who was in the ranks of Napoleon's Great Army?

According to  historian Oleg Sokolov, out of 530 thousand people who went on a trip to Russia, approximately 277 thousand — these are French, and the rest — Foreigners. Moreover, out of these 253 thousand, 222 thousand came from the principalities of Germany. If we also take into account the Austrians, then the number of interventionists who spoke German in Napoleon's army was 256 thousand people. That is almost half of the Great Army.

The historian notes that under the “French” in these calculations do not mean nationality, but citizenship. Not all subjects of Napoleon's empire were ethnically French. Among them were residents of the "new departments" France, included in its composition as a result of military victories. These are the territories of modern Belgium, Holland, Piedmont, central Italy and the German lands of the left bank of the Rhine. Men born in these places served in the army on a common basis.

“If we take the average percentage of immigrants from the & ldquo; new departments & rdquo; in the ranks of the French regiments (i.e. 25%), we get that 69166 soldiers were non-French. Moreover, this figure is the minimum… Thus, rounding the figures, we can say that at least 330 out of 530 thousand. soldiers of the Grand Army were non-French, in other words, 62%, or, at the most rough estimate, three out of five», — the historian writes.

Non-French people mainly participated in the campaign against Russia in two forms. They could be part of foreign contingents that marched on Moscow as part of Napoleon's army, or served in foreign regiments of the French army.

See in aif.ru's infographics the citizens of which countries fought in  side of France in the war of 1812 .

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Europe is against Russia. Napoleon’s campaign was lost in advance?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 25. The tariff drives the wave 22/06/2022

210 years ago, on the night of 23 on 24 June    , 1812 g., the Great ArmyNapoleon Bonaparte began crossing the border river Neman. Another round of confrontation «Europe — Russia» switched to "hot" phase.

This epoch-making event was preceded by a minor incident, about which told in his memoirsMarquis Armand de Caulaincourt. During a reconnaissance on the banks of the Neman, Napoleon launched his horse into a gallop, and the horse, frightened by a hare that fluttered from under her feet, jumped sideways: “The emperor, who rode very badly, fell to the ground. I then thought it was a bad omen».

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Start for health

However, already on the fourth day of the campaign, Napoleon entered Vilna — impressive pace. Some of Bonaparte's Old Guard boasted that August 15, the emperor's birthday, they would celebrate in Petersburg. Napoleon saw the purpose of the war in to withdraw Russia from the conditional club of great powers, and ideally to expel completely from "the civilized world". Here are his words spoken in Vilna: “I have come to put an end to the colossus of northern barbarians once and for all. We must throw them into their ice so that they don interfere in the affairs of civilized Europe. The Baltic Sea should be closed to them. If the Russian tsar needs victories, let him beat the Persians, but let not interfere in the affairs of Europe».

Almost everyone believed in Napoleon's ability to carry out his plan. Countess Anna Potockawrote: “Taking into account the number of nations that followed under the French banners, the most skeptical minds could not doubt the success.” Over the course of five years, Bonaparte, under the slogans of “granting civil rights and freedoms to the peoples” where by diplomacy, and where by armed violence he creates a grandiose pan-European construction of Pax Napoleonica. She does not seem to threaten Russia — in 1807  emperors Napoleon and Alexandersigned the Peace of Tilsit. However, this structure is constantly expanding to the east. In 1807   the Grand Duchy of Warsaw is created on the Russian border, completely dependent on Napoleon. In 1809  a similar fate awaits Austria, which is also sealed by the  marriage of Napoleon with Maria-Louise of Austria. Well and in February 1812  Prussia fell into dependence. 

Alexander I I didn't believe in unctuous songs about the absence of a threat for a second. And & nbsp; managed to properly use the time allotted to him by fate. First of all, he secured the empire from the flanks. In 1809  following the results of the war with Sweden, Russia received Finland — thus, the border was seriously pushed back, and the forces that once “stand against the Swede” were freed up for active participation in the upcoming campaign. In south by May 1812 g. urgently brought to an end the war with Turkey, which lasted from 1806 g., received Bessarabia and the released armies. On both flanks were the main characters of the future Patriotic War.  South — Mikhail Kutuzov, in the north —Mikhail Barclay de Tolly and Alexey Arakcheev.

This is where the pattern breaks. After all, everyone knows that Barclay de Tolly was lack of initiative and, as they say, “leaked” Napoleon throughout the first period of the war. And after the surrender of Smolensk, some wits changed his name — they say, “Chatting, yes” and “only”. And the name of Arakcheev is associated exclusively with the cruelty of military settlements and senseless drill. In a word — “Arakcheevshchina”.

Barclay's Network

In fact, the work of this tandem has become the key to Russia's future victory. According to the Chinese thinker Sun Tzu, who is considered an ace of military strategy, “The very best”— not to break the army, but the plans of the enemy. A tool without which it is impossible to break plans, — intelligence and counterintelligence. To make the work of intelligence systemic, to create an apparatus that accumulates and analyzes information, — this is the merit of Barclay de Tolly. In  January 1810  he took up the post of Minister of War. And almost immediately the Expedition of Secret Affairs under the War Ministry started working. The structure was engaged not only in the processing of information, but also in undercover work. In the western border region, over which the fruits of “peaceful European initiatives” hung, a large-scale agent network was created. Marquis Caulaincourtrecalled that Napoleon, at the entrance to Vilna, met not a joyful crowd of townspeople, but a few Jews and a few people from the common people. It is possible that among these Jews there were  those who responded to the call of their spiritual leader — Rebbe Shneur Zalman bar-Borukh,founder of the Chabad Hasidic movement: “We” did not feel the oppression that in other kingdoms, even in France itself, it happened. We we were not only protected by law along with natural Russians, but and were admitted to rights and ranks, enjoyed honors and the free practice of our faith and rites even in the most reigning city of St. Petersburg! So be zealous & nbsp; serve the Russian military commanders with all your might!

Bonaparte deceived

In the first period of the war, Barclay managed to put into action the plan that he had been hatching for a long time. Back in 1807 g. Barclay outlined the outlines of the coming war: “In the event of Napoleon's invasion of Russia should, by a skillful retreat, force the enemy to move away from the operational base, tire him with small enterprises and lure him inland, and then with saved troops and with the help of climate to prepare for him, at least for Moscow, a new Poltava. In 1810  Barclay issued everything in the form of a note “On” the protection of the western borders of Russia, addressed to the emperor. And in the summer of 1812 g. urgently needed to put this plan into action. That is, to withdraw the scattered Russian armies from the blow of Napoleon, to unite them, and retreat. Without the information that came to Barclay from agents, it was impossible to do this.

And then Alexey Arakcheev comes forward. A good commander fights not with a shout of “Hurrah”, but with a shovel, porridge and a short fur coat. “General Frost”, as well as “Lieutenant Rasputitsa”, in the & nbsp; campaign of 1812 & nbsp; they beat not only the French, but and    Russians. The stake on a well-organized retreat and the climate could not work if at the head of the supply of the entire Russian army was Arakcheev, to hands not stuck a penny of government money.

By and large, Napoleon, who captured Vilna and discussed "northern barbarians", had already lost by  “I see only one — masses of enemy troops, — Bonaparte said. — I try to destroy them, being sure that everything else will collapse along with them». Barclay, Arakcheev and Alexander I agreed with him. And, strictly adhering to the course of preserving the Russian army, they led the greatest conqueror like a boy. As soon as he crossed the Neman, he found himself drawn into someone else's game on someone else's territory. And already the next year, Russian troops paid a return visit to Europe.

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