It is desirable that it does not reach the front lines
Weapon systems have become known, the list of which has been approved by the US Congress for the supply of the Ukrainian army under the Lend-Lease program. That is, not for nothing. At the same time, the US legislators increased the period for Ukraine to receive possible loans used to obtain American weapons by more than 5 years.
Photo : dvidshub.net
The list of weapons is impressive, including really heavy weapons. They certainly cannot be called too new. However, a number of modifications during the modernization brought to the level of the most modern models. What weapons are we talking about, understood “MK”.
According to the published data, the list looks like this: tanks of the 3rd generation M1A2 Abrams; M2A3 Bradley infantry fighting vehicles; self-propelled artillery mounts M109A6 Paladin; multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) on a HIMARS wheeled chassis; universal launcher MLRS M270 MLRS; mobile Norwegian air defense system NASAMS 2; anti-aircraft missile system Patriot; multifunctional light fighters of the 4th generation F-16C/D.
So, Abrams tanks. Named after General Creton Abrams, this US main battle tank has been in production since 1980. It is in service with the US Army and Marine Corps. One of the heaviest machines, weight – 62 tons. By the way, not every bridge can withstand this. One of the latest and most advanced versions of it is М1А2 SEPv3. However, Ukraine will not receive it. She is scheduled to receive the 1992 version, which is also thoroughly improved.
This tank has enhanced turret armor by increasing the size of the frontal parts and filling them with 2nd generation uranium armor. The ammunition load of the gun includes 42 rounds. The tank has an independent commander's thermal panoramic sight and a new commander's turret with eight periscopes instead of the previous six. The gunner has a new sight with stabilization in two planes and an eye-safe rangefinder. And the driver has a thermal imaging surveillance device. The tank is equipped with the IVIS combat information and control system.
The M2A3 Bradley infantry fighting vehicle was created in the second half of the 70s of the last century, taking into account the experience of combat use of the Soviet BMP-1. The M2A3 Bradley has a crew of three and can carry up to six infantry in a troop compartment.
The model has been constantly improved. In the 2000 version, all subsystems were replaced with digital ones and significantly improved, including the Bradley Acquisition Subsystem (IBAS) detection and target designation system. It has an additional direct optical channel and an eye-safe laser rangefinder. Operates similarly to the M1A2 Abrams tank system. Taking into account the rangefinder data, weather conditions, type of shot, the on-board computer controls the aiming of the weapon, taking into account the movement of the infantry fighting vehicle, which allows you to destroy the target from the first shot or burst without preliminary zeroing.
There is also a thermal imager with an automatic tracking of two targets in the field of view, which allows firing at them with two missiles at once. The commander's station is equipped with a tactical display that displays information received via the FBCB2 and navigation data on a moving map, allowing the commander to send text messages via the FBCB2.
M109A6 Paladin self-propelled guns are a rather old development from the beginning of the 50-60s of the last century. It was first used during the Vietnam War. However, the M109 was repeatedly upgraded and produced until 2003. Subsequently, it was used in almost all military conflicts where the United States participated.
The direct modification of the M109A6 Paladin was developed in the late 80s, and has been produced since the early 90s. It has a new turret with improved armor protection and Kevlar inner lining. The self-propelled gun received a new radio station, an automatic gun guidance system, an automated fire control system of increased reliability, weapon and altitude sensors, as well as a digital crypto-resistant data transmission system that allows you to quickly tune frequencies to counter enemy electronic warfare systems.
MLRS HIMARS was developed in 1994. The US Army and Marine Corps received the first 40 HIMARS systems in 2002. In combat, HIMARS were first used in 2007 in the Iraqi province of Al-Anbar.
In February 2010, in Afghanistan in the province of Helmand, two American missiles launched from the HIMARS installation hit the house of the city of Marja, where 12 civilians were killed, after which it was decided to suspend their use. However, a British officer said that the Taliban were hiding behind civilians as human shields and HIMARS systems were again used. In particular, in 2018, HIMARS were used by US Army units from the international coalition in the battles near Hasham against Syrian pro-government forces.
The range of HIMARS missiles is growing every year. The newest among these missiles is called the MGM-168 (Block IVA), with a 227-kg high-explosive warhead, the range of which reaches 270 km. For comparison, from Zaporozhye to Donetsk in a straight line less than 230 km. In 2016, work began on a HIMARS missile with a range of 500 km.
The M270 MLRS was adopted by the US Army in 1983 and is used not only as a MLRS, but also to launch tactical missiles. The possibility of launching cruise missiles from this installation was also investigated.
The M270 MLRS MLRS is mounted on a tracked base of the American Bradley platform. The cockpit accommodates the installation commander, gunner and driver – a combat crew of three.
In 2006, the MLRS was urgently upgraded to fire XM31 guided missiles, after which it was quickly deployed and used in this capacity during the fighting in Iraq.
In 2021, the creator of the M270 MLRS MLRS – Lockheed – released a version of the GMLRS with a range of up to 80 km, later – up to 135 km. The plans are 150 km.
The NASAMS 2 air defense system is a short and medium-range air defense system created by the Norwegian company Kongsberg Defense & Aerospace together with the American company Raytheon to combat maneuvering aerodynamic targets at low and medium altitudes. In fact, this is an analogue of the Russian Pantsir complex. Work on it began in the 90s. In 1994, adopted by the Norwegian army. His task was the destruction of cruise missiles.
The Patriot air defense system is a well-known American air defense system – an analogue of the Russian S-300 system. In 2020, Ukraine discussed the possibility of purchasing these complexes. Even a special study was carried out on this subject. Then the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (APU), Ruslan Khomchik, said: “I have repeatedly said that we should buy Patriot air defense systems, but not anti-aircraft, but anti-missile.”
Israeli air defense systems were also considered as an alternative. However, representatives of the Central Research Institute of the Armed Forces of Ukraine then came to the conclusion that the purchase of foreign complexes such as Patriot PAC-2/3, SAMP-T, even without taking into account their maintenance, repair and training of specialists, would require funds that exceed the military budget of Ukraine at least 10 times. However, this question is no longer an issue. Apparently, it is believed that Lend-Lease will write everything off.
Fighters of the 4th generation F-16 C/D are also promised to Kyiv. Previously, everything rested on the problem of retraining Ukrainian pilots. It is difficult to say how it was filmed, but now the fighters are on the list of possible deliveries.
The F-16 first took to the skies in 1974. It went through many upgrades, received a large number of modifications, and in almost half a century of service it turned from a light fighter into a multi-purpose vehicle. The F-16 can fly day and night, firing air-to-air guided missiles. Pretty vulnerable to modern radars.
The F-16C/D modification is a more advanced version of the aircraft. In Israel, it is known as the F-16C/D “Barak”, where the fleet of these aircraft is the largest.
These machines have an APG-68 radar, a powerful computer, as well as aluminum foil spreaders and infrared traps. Capable of carrying JDAM, AGM-154A/B JSOW ammunition and Harpoon missiles.
According to experts, all these weapons as a whole pose a rather serious threat to Russian troops. These are already old anti-tank Javelins, which with one shot are not capable of damaging a Russian tank. Here everything is already much more serious. Now, experts believe, in order to save the lives of our military, it is necessary to do everything possible so that these weapons from the Lend-Lease list never hit the battlefield.