Cardiologist Evgeniy Chazov. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Honorary Director of the National Medical Research Center of Cardiology of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Minister of Health of the USSR in 1987 – 1990 died at the age of 93. Evgeny Chazov . This was reported on the website of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
“Outstanding cardiologist and scientist, creator of thrombolytic therapy” about Evgeny Ivanovich, it can be said without exaggeration that he saved millions of lives '', & ndash; the message says.
No cause of death is reported.
Evgeny Ivanovich Chazov was born on June 10, 1929 in Nizhny Novgorod. & nbsp;
In 1953 he graduated from the Kiev Medical Institute, then entered the residency at the department of hospital therapy of the cardiologist A.L. Myasnikov at the 1st Medical Institute in Moscow and defended his thesis of a candidate of medical sciences. & Nbsp;
After that he worked in Institute of Therapy of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences: first as a junior. then a senior researcher. Later he was deputy director of the institute for scientific work.
Evgeny Chazov is considered the creator of thrombolytic therapy. He was the developer of fibrinolysin, a drug capable of dissolving blood clots in the treatment of myocardial infarction. The cardiologist tested the drug on himself. For this development, Evgeny Chazov was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1982.
In 1963, Chazov defended his doctoral dissertation. His main scientific works deal with the problems of thrombosis and myocardial infarction, myocardial metabolism and circulatory failure. The scientific developments of the cardiologist on the treatment of patients with heart attacks and his approaches to the therapy of thrombosis were widely used in the USSR and the Russian Federation, as well as in Europe and the USA. & Nbsp;
In & nbsp; 1965 & ndash; 1967 Evgeny Chazov was the director of the Institute of Therapy of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (in 1967 it was transformed into the Institute of Cardiology of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, and in 1976 & nbsp; & ndash; into the A.L. Myasnikov Institute of Clinical Cardiology). & Nbsp;
In 1967 & ndash ; 1986 headed the IV Main Directorate under the USSR Ministry of Health.
Since 1973, Chazov has been the editor of the journal Therapeutic Archives. & nbsp;
Since 1975 & ndash; Chairman of the All-Union Cardiological Society.
In 1967, Chazov was elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, in 1971 & ndash; academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, and in 1979 & ndash; Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Since 1972 & ndash; member of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences.
In 1976, Evgeny Chazov became director of the new All-Union Cardiological Scientific Center of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (in 1991 & ndash; 1997 it was called the Cardiological Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, then it was transformed into the Russian Cardiological Research and Production Complex of the Ministry Healthcare of the Russian Federation, headed by General Director Evgeny Chazov).
1968 & ndash; 1986 Evgeny Chazov was a deputy minister, and in 1987 – 1990. & ndash; Minister of Health of the USSR.
In 1981 & ndash; 1982. & ndash; candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU, 1982 & ndash; 1990 & ndash; member of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 9-11 convocations. & Nbsp;
In the 1970s and 1980s, Chazov was one of the initiators of the creation and co-chairman of the international movement “ Doctors of the World for the Prevention of Nuclear War '', which in 1985 was awarded Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1990, Evgeny Chazov again became director of the All-Union Cardiological Scientific Center of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences. & Nbsp;
Under the leadership of Chazov, a well-known scientific cardiological school was formed, about a hundred doctoral and candidate dissertations were defended. He was one of the founders of the Faculty of Fundamental Medicine at Moscow State University. MV Lomonosov.
& bull; & nbsp; Four Orders of Lenin (1969, 1976, 1978, 1981);
& bull; & nbsp; 1969 USSR State Prize in Science and Technology;
& bull; & nbsp; State Prize of the USSR (1976, 1991);
& bull; & nbsp; Prize of the Council of Ministers of the USSR;
& bull; & nbsp; “ Honored Scientist of the RSFSR '' (1974); & nbsp;
& bull; & nbsp; Hero of Socialist Labor (1978);
& bull; & nbsp; 1982 Lenin Prize in Science and Technology;
& bull; & nbsp; State Prize of the Russian Federation 2003;
& bull; & nbsp; Grand Gold Medal named after M.V. Lomonosov (2003);
& bull; & nbsp; Full Cavalier of the Order of Merit to the Fatherland (2009 & ndash; 2019);
& bull; & nbsp; Gold medal named after I.P. Pavlov (2011);
& bull; & nbsp; Medal P.A.Stolypin & nbsp ; I degree & nbsp; (2019);
& bull; & nbsp; Many other certificates of honor and awards, various foreign awards.
Family & nbsp;
Evgeny Chazov was married three times.
The first wife was a resuscitator Renata Nikolaevna Lebedeva . In marriage, a daughter Tatyana was born.
After the divorce, he married Lydia Viktorovna Germanova , who was the founder of preventive medicine in the USSR, professor, doctor of medical sciences. In the second marriage, Chazov had a daughter, Irina, an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, currently director of the Institute of Clinical Cardiology named after I. A. L. Myasnikova.
The last wife was the secretary Lydia Zhukova. & Nbsp;